Fisheries

5. External trade

5. External trade

5. External trade

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The EU is the leading trader of fisheries and aquaculture products in the world in terms of value. EU trade (i.e. imports and exports) has increased over the past few years, reaching EUR 29.1 billion in 2014. Norway, China, Morocco and Iceland are the EU’s main suppliers, while the United States, Norway, Switzerland and China are the EU’s main customers.

The EU is a net importer of fisheries and aquaculture products, mostly frozen and fresh and chilled. Sweden, Spain, Denmark and the United Kingdom are the leading importing Member States.

In 2016 EU exports to third countries increased to EUR 4.7 billion. Spain, Denmark, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom are the leading exporting Member States.

Trade between EU countries is very significant and plays an essential role in the EU’s fisheries trade. Its value is comparable to that of imports into the EU, i.e. EUR 23.6 billion in 2016. The main exporters to other EU Member States are Sweden, Denmark, Spain and the Netherlands. The main importers are France, Italy, Germany, and Spain.

Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between the European Union and non-EU countries (2016)
(volume in tonnes and value in thousands of EUR)

IMPORTS EXPORTS
VOLUME VALUE VOLUME VALUE
Pelagic fish 1 124 505 3 408 570 885 354 1 319 384
Salmonids 880 018 5 753 590 107 431 753 163
Other fish 1 906 508 6 883 792 419 173 1 382 956
Crustaceans 628 078 4 717 244 66 991 406 790
Molluscs 634 206 2 718 821 48 308 306 873
Non-food use products 843 478 911 084 338 406 552 435
Total EU-28 6 016 791 24 393 100 1 865 662 4 721 601

Extra- and intra-EU trade (2016)
(value in billions of EUR)

Extra-EU imports
24.4

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extra eu export
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extra eu export
Intra-EU trade
23.6

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extra eu import
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extra eu import
Extra-EU exports
4.7

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intra eu trade
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intra eu trade
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.

Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between the European Union and non-EU countries – Main suppliers (2016)
(value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)

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Main Suppliers Value %
Norway 6 328 931 25.9%
China 1 672 847 6.9%
Morocco 1 234 255 5.1%
Iceland 1 161 108 4.8%
Ecuador 1 127 892 4.6%
United States 1 085 185 4.4%
Vietnam 1 030 417 4.2%
India 943 481 3.9%
Argentina 663 724 2.7%
Faroe Islands 634 340 2.6%
Russia 557 179 2.3%
Other non-EU countries 7 953 740 32.6%
Total 23 393 100 100%
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.

Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between the European Union and non-EU countries – Main customers (2016)
(value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)

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Main Customers Value %
United States 559 180 11.8%
Norway 496 224 10.5%
Switzerland 435 396 9.2%
China 362 516 7.7%
Japan 336 484 7.1%
Vietnam 224 280 4.8%
Nigeria 214 974 4.6%
South Korea 123 441 2.6%
Egypt 122 895 2.6%
Morocco 112 547 2.4%
Hong-Kong 106 072 2.2%
Other non-EU countries 1 627 591 34.5%
Total 4 721 601 100%
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.

Trade of fisheries and aquaculture products between the European Union and non-EU countries (2016)
(value in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)

Main Member States importing from NON-EU countries
Sweden 4 233 959 17.4%
Spain 4 128 268 16.9%
Denmark 2 586 096 10.6%
United Kingdom 2 566 627 10.5%
Netherlands 2 181 111 8.9%
Italy 2 176 573 8.9%
France 1 911 812 7.8%
Germany 1 909 710 7.8%
Other Member States 2 698 943 11.1%
Total EU-28 24 393 100 100%
Main Member States exporting to NON-EU countries
Spain 831 137 17.6%
Denmark 799 909 16.9%
Netherlands 680 886 14.4%
United Kingdom 628 760 13.3%
France 382 125 8.1%
Germany 295 054 6.2%
Portugal 165 191 3.5%
Ireland 151 581 3.2%
Other Member States 786 955 16.7%
Total EU-28 4 721 601 100%
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.

Imports and exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - Extra-EU trade (2016)
(volume in tonnes and value in thousands of EUR)

Member State IMPORTS EXPORTS
VOLUME VALUE VOLUME VALUE
BE 114 881 755 670 7 205 25 901
BG 10 520 19 322 2 734 18 006
CZ 16 343 42 898 2 226 7 658
DK 919 285 2 586 096 297 502 799 909
DE 556 197 1 909 710 123 589 295 054
EE 5 803 19 831 57 066 55 321
IE 55 853 33 900 103 033 151 581
EL 79 741 217 337 11 306 59 718
ES 1 083 351 4 128 268 386 902 831 137
FR 414 167 1 911 812 101 695 382 125
HR 9 875 25 744 16 476 73 833
IT 458 342 2 176 573 21 044 133 199
CY 8 016 34 982 4 780 27 057
LV 14 161 30 772 25 196 25 980
LT 58 761 143 323 14 606 21 793
LU 18 1 009 55 880
HU 2 915 6 486 1 451 4 014
MT 18 206 31 138 8 933 117 479
NL 525 001 2 181 111 440 476 680 886
AT 7 983 47 765 1 990 14 428
PL 200 996 487 105 31 729 108 695
PT 159 886 549 697 33 082 165 191
RO 14 953 35 891 1 414 5 290
SI 5 055 13 117 2 329 9 682
SK 6 263 12 719 404 1 053
FI 46 965 190 237 10 512 18 280
SE 706 846 4 233 959 10 166 58 689
UK 516 410 2 566 627 147 762 628 760
Total EU-28 6 016 791 24 393 100 1 865 662 4 721 601
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.

Imports of fisheries and aquaculture products – Extra-EU trade (2016)
(value in thousands of EUR)

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Pelagic fish
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Pelagic fish
Pelagic fish
ES 839 692
IT 588 990
FR 434 361
UK 409 714
NL 267 155
DE 251 664
PL 134 771
PT 98 696
Other Member States 383 527
Total EU-28 3 408 570

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Salmonids
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Salmonids
Salmonids
SE 3 513 893
DK 1 033 125
UK 340 220
DE 339 922
FI 138 929
FR 106 720
NL 58 761
PL 42 606
Other Member States 179 415
Total EU-28 5 753 590

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Other fish
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Other fish
Other fish

NL

1 156 336
UK 928 276
ES 853 378
DE 834 084
DK 705 550
SE 511 006
FR 487 495
IT 389 835
Other Member States 1 017 832
Total EU-28 6 883 792

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Crustaceans
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Crustaceans
Crustaceans
ES 1 047 561
UK 711 221
FR 668 640
NL 524 846
IT 432 697
DK 428 525
BE 362 708
DE 244 659
Other Member States 296 387
Total EU-28 4 717 244

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Molluscs
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Molluscs
Molluscs
ES 1 277 416
IT 720 854
FR 146 624
NL 122 618
PT 122 421
UK 92 341
EL 86 213
BE 53 315
Other Member States 97 019
Total EU-28 2 718 821
Non-food use products
DK 303 210
DE 203 213
UK 84 855
ES 68 579
FR 67 972
NL 51 396
EL 33 418
BE 29 768
Other Member States 68 672
Total EU-28 911 084
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.

Exports of fisheries and aquaculture products - Extra-EU trade (2016)
(value in thousands of EUR)

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Pelagic fish
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Pelagic fish
Pelagic fish
ES 425 747
NL 278 043
MT 117 079
FR 88 435
IE 79 640
IT 70 842
HR 52 419
UK 44 997
Other Member States 162 183
Total EU-28 1 319 384

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Salmonids
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Salmonids
Salmonids
UK 395 734
DK 66 413
NL 65 044
DE 56 176
PL 40 102
FR 39 423
SE 23 465
EE 10 745
Other Member States 56 062
Total EU-28 753 163

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Other fish
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Other fish
Other fish
ES 268 393
DK 239 909
NL 191 827
FR 160 820
DE 107 677
PT 97 849
UK 56 275
EL 49 570
Other Member States 2 487 825
Total EU-28 1 382 956

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Crustaceans
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Crustaceans
Crustaceans
DK 141 011
NL 125 015
UK 41 728
FR 23 654
ES 19 212
EE 12 642
DE 11 836
PT 10 878
Other Member States 20 814
Total EU-28 406 790

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Molluscs
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Molluscs
Molluscs
ES 99 783
FR 45 719
UK 44 769
IE 41 566
PT 22 521
BG 14 267
IT 13 518
NL 8 423
Other Member States 16 307
Total EU-28 306 873
Non-food use products
DK 330 835
DE 90 259
UK 45 257
FR 24 075
NL 12 535
IE 12 026
ES 10 434
BE 8 918
Other Member States 18 095
Total EU-28 552 435
 

Source: Eurostat and Eumofa.