Are you answering this questionnaire on behalf of an organisation or as an individual?
This will not be published and will only be used to verify with you that your views are correctly represented in the published results.
Although you are replying on behalf of an individual, is your reply based on your knowledge acquired in your working environment (eg. in a private company, environmental organisation, government ministry or research laboratory) or based on general interest in issue
What is the name of the organisation?
Is your organisation listed in the EU's Transparency Register?
What is the identification number (optional) ?
What type of organisation is it? If the main activity is research, please indicate "research" whether you are a public or private body. National geological surveys should be indicated as "research".
what type of public authority?
what size is your organisation?
what type of research organisation?
civil society - please specify
what type of organisation?
Where are you based?
What is your main interest? You may tick more than one box.
please explain your interest further (optional)
The sea provides a significant proportion of some countries' sand and gravel requirements for construction or beach nourishment. Do you wish to answer questions on this?
Is this a useful way of maintaining an adequate supply of material for construction and beach nourishment
What is your involvement
please provide more details (optional)
What (if anything) is limiting the economic potential of this activity?
*inadequate port facilities
*over-stringent licensing conditions
*lengthy, unclear or bureaucratic licensing conditions - independent of whether they are too stringent, is their implementation over-bureaucratic?
*volatility of prices
*shortage of skilled labour
*shortage of suitable sites
*lack of knowledge of whereabouts of deposits
*competition with other users for resources (eg fisheries)
please explain your answer or indicate another factor (optional)
The environmental impact of aggregate extraction is -
*better or worse than fishing?
*better or worse than extraction on land?
please explain your answer (optional)
What EU action would be helpful?
*research on environmental impact
*research on technology
*promoting freely accessible seabed maps together with information on geology, ecosystems and habitats
*promote exchange of good practice
*develop code of corporate responsibility
*facilitate mobility of labour
*further support to initiatives such as the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (includes requirement for disclosure of payments to governments)
*strengthen EU environmental legislation such as that on environmental impact and mining waste. These are mostly applicable only for waters of EU countries.
please explain your answer or indicate another area where the EU could act (optional)
Shallow water mining of higher value commodities.
This mostly involves dredging in water depths up to 500 metres. It includes the mining of iron sand, tin, diamonds, gold and phosphate rock.
Do you wish to answer questions on this?
could this contribute twoards a sustainable and economical supply of raw material for EU industry and agriculture?
What is your involvement?
please explain (optional)
What (if anything) is driving economic interest?
*advances in technology
*limited access to raw materials from terrestrial sources
where is your primary interest?
Which shallow water deposits do you think will become economically interesting in the next 10 years (optional question)?
please explain your choice or suggest another action that EU could take (optional)
Deep sea mining involves mining activities that take place at large depths. Mining can take place both within national jurisdictions and in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ or international waters). Deep sea mining is aimed at mining higher value commodities, such as copper, cobalt, nickel and rare earth elements. Do you wish to answer questions on this?
could this contribute towards a sustainable and economical supply of raw material for EU industry and agriculture?
Which deposits are of primary interest for you?
Where do you believe that most mining activity will take place?
please provide more details or indicate other factors that might limit the activity (optional)
the environmental impact of deep-sea mining is:
it depends how it is done and where it is done
*better or worse than mining on land?
please provide more details of your views on environmental impact (optional)
*support a pilot project to test technology under realistic conditions
*actively support network of marine protected areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction
please explain your choices or suggest alternative courses of action (optional)
Are there any other points you would like to bring up?
You may upload a file with further information here