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Published Results: circular-economy

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2.1. In what capacity are you completing this questionnaire?([ID4])
Please specify:([ID13])
Please specify your business sector([ID14])
Please specify your business sector:([ID25])
Is your company an SME?([ID17])
Does your company/organization make use of any of the following?([ID5])
Please specify:([ID11])
Please indicate the sectors your organisation represents([ID12])
Please specify other sectors your organization represents:([ID32])
Where are your member companies located?([ID6])
Please specify EU Member States/EEA countries of your member companies:([ID10])
Please specify the non-EU Member States/EEA countries of your member companies:([ID231])
Please indicate your main area of focus (environment, consumers, etc.)([ID7])
Please specify your other area of focus:([ID16])
2.2. Please give your country of residence/establishment([ID242])
Please specify the EU MS/EEA country of your establishment:([ID246])
Please specify the non-EU MS/ EEA country of your establishment:([ID248])
2.3. Please indicate your preference for the publication of your response on the Commission’s website:([ID29])
2.4. How well informed are you about the circular economy initiative?([ID34])
2.5. Please give your name if replying as an individual/private person, otherwise give the name of your organisation([ID18])
If your organisation is registered in the Transparency Register, please give your Register ID number.([ID8])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Establish binding rules on product design (e.g. minimum requirements on ‘durability’ under Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC) ([ID27])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Encourage industry-led initiatives (i.e. self-regulation) ([ID28])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Develop standards for voluntary use ([ID30])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Promote and/or enable the use of economic incentives for eco-innovation and sustainable product design (e.g. via rules on Extended Producer Responsibility schemes) ([ID31])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Review rules on legal and commercial guarantees ([ID36])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Encourage the consumption of green products (see section 4) ([ID38])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Other — please specify below ([ID39])
If you think that additional options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID41])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Durability ([ID49])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reparability: Availability of information on product repair (e.g. repair manuals) ([ID50])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reparability: Product design facilitating maintenance and repair activities ([ID51])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reparability: Availability of spare parts ([ID52])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Upgradability and modularity ([ID55])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reusability ([ID57])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Biodegradability and compostability ([ID58])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Resource use in the use phase (e.g. water efficiency) ([ID59])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Recyclability (e.g. dismantling, separation of components, information on chemical content) ([ID60])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Increased content of reused parts or recycled materials ([ID61])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Increased content of renewable materials ([ID62])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Minimising lifecycle environmental impacts ([ID63])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Other- please specify below ([ID219])
If you think that additional options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID43])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on production cost and affordability of the product ([ID78])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on production processes and value chain ([ID79])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on consumers (e.g. through durability and reparability) ([ID80])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Functionality of the product ([ID83])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Enabling innovation ([ID84])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Respecting technology neutrality ([ID85])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on EU imports and exports ([ID86])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Other — please specify below ([ID87])
If you think that other considerations not listed above should be taken into account, please specify:([ID89])
3.4. From a circular economy perspective, in your view which product categories should be given priority in the next few years and why?([ID88])
If you think that other product categories not listed above should be taken into account, please specify:([ID90])
Please give reasons for your choice:white goods([ID227])
Please give reasons for your choice: small domestic appliances([ID228])
Please give reasons for your choice: office equipment([ID230])
Please give reasons for your choice: small electronics([ID232])
Please give reasons for your choice: packaging materials([ID233])
Please give reasons for your choice: heating equipment([ID234])
Please give reasons for your choice: air-conditioning and ventilation systems([ID235])
Please give reasons for your choice: lighting products([ID236])
Please give reasons for your choice: motors and pumps([ID237])
Please give reasons for your choice: industrial equipment([ID238])
Please give reasons for your choice: clothing and textiles([ID239])
Please give reasons for your choice: furniture([ID240])
Please give reasons for your choice: cars([ID241])
Please give reasons for your choice: construction products([ID243])
Please give reasons for your choice: general measures([ID244])
Please give reasons for your choice: others([ID245])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Promote cooperation across value chains (e.g. through encouraging new managerial modes) ([ID96])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Address potential regulatory obstacles in EU legislation - please specify ([ID97])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Address potential regulatory gaps in EU legislation – please specify ([ID98])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Support the development of innovative business models (e.g. leasing) ([ID99])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Improve the interface between chemicals and waste legislation ([ID100])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Promote collaboration between and among private and public sectors, including end-users ([ID101])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Support the development of digital solutions ([ID102])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Identify and promote exchange of best practice ([ID103])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Identify minimum standards for increasing resource-efficient processes (e.g. Best Available Techniques) ([ID104])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Ensure availability of reliable data on material flows across value chains ([ID105])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Provide access to finance for high-risk projects ([ID106])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Other — please specify below ([ID108])
Please specify which regulatory obstacles you are referring to([ID270])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID107])
Please specify which regulatory gaps you are referring to([ID74])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Establishing a legally binding framework at EU level (e.g. sustainability criteria) ([ID116])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Developing and promoting voluntary compliance schemes  ([ID117])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Addressing the issue through trade policy ([ID118])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Addressing the issue through the promotion of targeted global initiatives ([ID119])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Promoting the exchange of best practice among businesses ([ID120])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Other — please specify below ([ID121])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID124])
3.7. Do you have any other comments about the production phase?([ID125])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Provide more information relevant to the circular economy to consumers, for example on expected lifetime of products or availability of spare parts ([ID134])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Ensure the clarity, credibility and relevance of consumer information related to the circular economy (e.g. via labels, advertising, marketing etc.) and protect consumers from false and misleading information in this respect ([ID135])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Organise EU-wide awareness campaigns to promote the circular economy ([ID136])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Improve/clarify rules and practices affecting consumer protection (e.g. relating to legal and commercial guarantees) ([ID139])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Take action on product and material design (see section 3) ([ID140])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Encourage financial incentives to consumers at national level (e.g. by differentiated taxation levels depending on products’ resource efficiency) ([ID141])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Take measures targeting public procurement (e.g. through criteria for Green Public Procurement) ([ID142])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Encourage new modes of consumption such as shared ownership (e.g. car sharing), collaborative consumption, leasing and the use of internet-based solutions ([ID143])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Promote the development of repair and maintenance services ([ID144])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Encourage waste prevention (e.g. minimising food waste) ([ID145])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Other — please specify below ([ID146])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID158])
4.2. Which products should be a priority for EU action to promote more sustainable consumption patterns and why?([ID126])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID147])
Please give reasons for your choice: white goods([ID161])
Please give reasons for your choice: electronics([ID76])
Please give reasons for your choice: food and beverages([ID75])
Please give reasons for your choice: packaging materials([ID226])
Please give reasons for your choice: clothing and textile([ID225])
Please give reasons for your choice: furniture([ID224])
Please give reasons for your choice: cars([ID223])
Please give reasons for your choice: construction products([ID222])
Please give reasons for your choice: general measures([ID221])
Please give reasons for your choice: others([ID220])
4.3. Do you have any other comments about the consumption phase?([ID129])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Lack of EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials ([ID155])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Poor quality of recycled materials (e.g. containing unwanted substances/high contamination) ([ID156])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Lack of information or misinformation about the quality of recycled materials ([ID159])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Poor availability of waste/material to be recycled ([ID169])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Poor reliability of supply for recycled materials ([ID170])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Low demand for recycled materials (e.g. on the EU market) ([ID171])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Cost differential between primary and secondary raw materials ([ID172])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Organisational cost of switching from primary to secondary raw materials in industrial processes ([ID173])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory obstacles at national/regional/local level ([ID174])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory obstacles at EU level ([ID175])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory gaps at EU level ([ID176])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory gaps at national/regional/local level ([ID177])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Insufficient cooperation/exchange of information along the value chain (e.g. between producers, recyclers and authorities responsible for waste management) ([ID178])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Lack of reliable data on secondary raw material flows ([ID179])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : No opinion ([ID180])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Other- please specify below ([ID181])
If you think that other obstacles not listed above are relevant, please specify:([ID182])
5.2. In your view, what are the most relevant actions to take at EU level to remove the obstacles you have identified as significant? Please be specific([ID272])
Lack of EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials([ID20])
Poor quality of recycled materials([ID40])
Lack of information or misinformation about the quality of recycled materials([ID64])
Poor availability of waste/material to be recycled([ID65])
Poor reliability of supply for recycled materials([ID66])
Low demand for recycled materials([ID67])
Cost differential between primary and secondary raw materials([ID68])
Organisational cost of switching from primary to secondary raw materials in industrial processes([ID69])
Regulatory obstacles at national/regional/local level([ID70])
Regulatory obstacles at EU level([ID71])
Regulatory gaps at EU level([ID72])
Regulatory gaps at national/regional/local level([ID73])
Insufficient cooperation/exchange of information along the value chain([ID111])
Lack of reliable data on secondary raw material flows([ID207])
5.3. Which secondary raw materials markets should the EU target first to improve the way they work?([ID160])
If you think that other approaches not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID157])
Please give reasons for your choice: Bio-nutrients for fertiliser use([ID91])
Please give reasons for your choice: Construction aggregates([ID162])
Please give reasons for your choice: Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID183])
Please give reasons for your choice: Glass([ID247])
Please give reasons for your choice: Metals([ID249])
Please give reasons for your choice: Paper([ID250])
Please give reasons for your choice: Plastics([ID251])
Please give reasons for your choice: Wood/Biomass([ID252])
Please give reasons for your choice: Other([ID253])
5.4. Do you have any other comments about the development of markets for secondary raw materials?([ID148])
6.1. In your view, which sectors should be a priority for specific EU action on the circular economy and why?([ID187])
If you think that other sectors not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID192])
Agriculture([ID188])
Bio-nutrients for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Chemical industry and process manufacturing([ID190])
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID254])
Electrical and electronic goods([ID255])
Energy([ID256])
Fisheries/ aquaculture([ID257])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID258])
Forest-based and other bio-based products([ID259])
Furniture([ID260])
Information and communication technologies([ID261])
Mining and quarrying([ID262])
Plastics([ID263])
Retailing([ID264])
Services([ID265])
Textiles([ID266])
Transport([ID267])
Water sector/sewage treatment([ID268])
Others([ID269])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Financing innovative projects or technologies relevant to the circular economy (from EU funds, e.g. Horizon 2020) ([ID197])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Public incentives (e.g. financial guarantees) for private investors to finance projects conducive to the circular economy ([ID198])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for the development of circular economy projects (e.g. technical assistance) ([ID199])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for innovative systemic approaches and cross-sectoral cooperation (e.g. industrial symbiosis and cascading use of resources) ([ID204])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Partnerships with public authorities to help innovative businesses overcome potential legal obstacles to innovation ([ID205])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Promotion of innovative business models for the circular economy (e.g. leasing and sharing) ([ID206])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Specific measures to encourage the uptake of the circular economy among SMEs ([ID208])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Exchange and promotion of best practice ([ID209])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Promoting the development of skills/qualifications relevant to the circular economy ([ID210])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for capacity-building in public administrations ([ID211])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for market penetration of innovative projects through labelling, certification and standards, public procurement for innovation, etc. ([ID212])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Better monitoring the implementation and impact of policies contributing towards the circular economy agenda ([ID213])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Increasing the knowledge base by collecting and providing information and data e.g. on material flows, technologies and consumption patterns ([ID214])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Other- please specify below ([ID215])
If you think that other measures not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID216])
7.2. Do you have any other comments about enabling factors to promote the circular economy?([ID217])
If your erganization prepared a dedicated position paper or wants to share any other related materials with the Commission, please use the upload function:([ID15])
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White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)
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General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken
Other — please specify below
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Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals
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Chemical industry and process manufacturing
Construction/demolition and buildings
Electrical and electronic goods
Energy
Fisheries/ aquaculture
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste
Forest-based and other bio-based products
Furniture
Information and communication technologies
Mining and quarrying
Plastics
Retailing
Services
Textiles
Transport
Water sector/sewage treatment
Other- please specify below
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Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Construction([ID15])
Transport([ID16])
Manufacturing([ID7])
Information and communication technologies([ID10])
Distribution (logistics, wholesale, retail)([ID20])
Recycling and other waste management([ID22])
Repair services([ID23])
 
Yes — small enterprise([ID19])
Another environmental labelling or management scheme([ID8])
GreenSpeed(tm): proprietary recycling algorithm.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Austria([ID15])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Not very well informed([ID19])
Motorious, Inc. (The Accelerated Sciences Corporation: Dino, llc)
 
important
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important
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important
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important
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General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
It would depend on size of the sector, impact on EU Economy, and effect of recycling on the environment. Industries like automotive and apparel measure in the hundreds on billions pr trillions in income per annum, and with industries like the petrochemical and pharmaceutical, share a common supply and/or raw material base, creating natural efficiencies and opportunities for partnership aimed at benefitting BOTH consumers and the EU economy and environment as a whole.
 
very important
no opinion
no opinion
very important
important
very important
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very effective
effective
very effective
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very effective
 
 
 
very important
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important
 
 
Cars([ID153])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cars are a $1.2 trillion per annum industry. Consumers spend between 80 and 100 billion hours in cars. The fuel consumption and financing around cars is second only to homes.
 
 
 
 
Critical raw materials - Glass - Metals - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Glass([ID164])
Metals([ID165])
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
High use in auto manufacturing
 
 
High use in auto manufacturing
 
 
 
Retailing([ID201])
Transport([ID204])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General regulation about compliance and recycling of consumer goods brought in to trade.
 
 
Same.
 
 
very important
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important
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As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
United Kingdom([ID49])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
Will Stewart
 
important
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important
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important
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important
 
 
White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID90])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Packaging materials([ID94])
 
There is significant scope to extend the life cycle of these products, e.g. remove built-in obsolescence, and also remanufacturing of them. These are easy wins. There is also significant scope for consumers to move from an ownership to a performance agreement with manufacturers, where manufacturers retain ownership of goods and are guaranteed return of these goods at end of lifecycle.
 
 
There is significant scope for re-design to encourage repair and re-use. It is important to make recycling of materials used in these products, e.g. metals, much easier.
Producers need to be encouraged to adopt a more imaginative approach to packaging in terms of materials they use and the amounts they use. Not enough use is made of "refills" , and there are few incentives for consumers to buy refills when they are available as they often cost just as much as the original item.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
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effective
effective
 
effective
 
 
 
Be able to demonstrate any competitive advantage for companies changing their business models from linear to circular.
important
important
important
important
not very important
important
important
important
important
important
 
 
Food and beverages([ID149])
Packaging materials([ID150])
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
 
This would help reduce waste, particularly food waste. Also, aim to reduce consumption of bottles water through provision of drinking water outlets where individuals can refill their own bottles.
There is just too much unnecessary packaging used. Again, encourage more refill areas in supermarkets and other outlets.
 
 
 
 
We need to raise awareness and change consumer behaviour.
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients
 
 
Plastic
Metals
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
The quality of recycled materials is important both for manufactures and consumers, but it is often difficult to get reliable information about this.
 
 
 
It can sometimes be cheaper to source primary materials over secondary.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture([ID188])
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID191])
Transport([ID204])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
important
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important
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important
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Civil society organisation([ID9])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environment([ID8])
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Belgium([ID16])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Anthony Tweedale
 
very important
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no opinion
 
 
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no opinion
 
not very important
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very important
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no opinion
not very important
no opinion
 
Heating equipment (e.g. boilers, water heaters)([ID95])
Air-conditioning and ventilation systems([ID96])
Motors and pumps([ID98])
 
 
 
 
 
 
perhaps the biggest use of energy.
climate change will drastically increase this energy use.
 
almost always old while efficiency always improves; large energy use.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
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important
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very important
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important
important
very important
 
 
 
tax incentives/penalties; using permits
very effective
neutral
not effective
not effective
neutral
no opinion
 
waste's not waste until it's wasted; what's measured gets managed.
not very important
important
not very important
very important
very important
very important
important
not very important
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White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID129])
Electronics([ID148])
Cars([ID153])
 
big use of energy
lots of toxics & mining serious impacts.
 
 
 
 
(commercial trucks too): fuel efficiency is a huge need. EU/MS need to penalize single occup. vs. public transport.
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Wood/Biomass
Paper - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Construction aggregates - Paper - Plastic
Critical raw materials
Critical raw materials - Paper - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Glass - Plastic
Glass - Paper - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Plastic
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Plastic
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Plastic
Glass - Paper - Plastic
Glass - Paper - Plastic
 
 
 
 
impt.--can literally create a market. Think futures markets also promote price stability & material quality
a problem for plastics. One area (all recyclables) where heavy education of consumers would help
ditto.
ditto.
ditto.
both mandates and govt procurement are key here
a function of markets w/ good information availability (recyclables have natural advantage of far less energy; so EU can encourage full transperency of costs
-
-
-
-
-
govt can lightly promote
see above
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Metals([ID165])
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
plenty of toxic elements. high cost promotes re-use
 
critical given EU's many incinerators (all metals toxic when vaporized by fire & pumped into our breathing air; doubly so for the most toxic metals.
 
EU MS have eliminated most poisonous plastics (pvc pvc pvc) from incineration; but complex co-polymers are growing, and commodity plastics such as PP have little consumer recycling even though technically they can be either separated or mixed with PE. This is the industry biggest, global, failure over the decades.
 
 
 
Chemical industry and process manufacturing([ID190])
Energy([ID193])
Transport([ID204])
 
 
 
huge energy use AND massive creation & unrestricted (almost) dumping into the biosphere of PBTs
 
 
most fueoolish energy use goes through them--massive climate potential.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
again, energy use, climate (lots pollution too)
 
 
not very important
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important
important
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important
very important
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That yellow shinning thing out there still provides over 6.000 times more energy than man uses (manifests as light, wind & hydro; somewhat diffuse, but then fossil fuels were concentrated by nature). The biosphere, which uses less than 1% (net primary productivity) to sustain us and be glorious to observe; is being willfully destroyed by our use of ONE HUNDREDTH of the energy sustaining the biosphere.
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Netherlands([ID39])
 
Anonymously: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID31])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
 
 
important
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important
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not very important
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very important
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important
important
 
 
important
important
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important
important
important
not important
 
 
Small domestic appliances (e.g. microwave ovens, food processors)([ID91])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
Since they are widely used
 
The product lifecycle is very short, therefore reduction, re-use and recycling is important in these high volume areas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
All product ranges should be affected by this idea.
 
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effective
effective
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effective
 
 
 
very important
important
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important
important
important
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important
important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Packaging materials([ID150])
Construction products([ID154])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction aggregates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. from sewage sludge or farm organic matter residues) for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Energy([ID193])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
important
not very important
not very important
important
not very important
important
not very important
important
very important
important
very important
important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Germany([ID27])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Manuel Moreira da Rocha
 
very important
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not important
very important
very important
important
 
 
important
very important
very important
very important
important
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important
very important
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important
important
very important
no opinion
 
not very important
very important
very important
important
very important
not important
important
 
 
Office equipment (e.g. computers, printers)([ID92])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Packaging materials([ID94])
 
 
 
presently designed as one way products. recycling nightmare.
recycling quote is probably zero. much improvement possible.
more trade = more shipping = more packaging
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
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important
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very effective
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neutral
neutral
not effective
 
 
producers, i.e. "the industry" needs severe regulation. measures on a voluntary base are of no use.
very important
very important
very important
very important
not very important
important
not very important
not important
important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Food and beverages([ID149])
Clothing and textiles([ID151])
 
 
actions should focus on products that are in constant/daily use by consumers, so that consumers get aware of the issue.
same reason.
 
same reason.
 
 
 
 
 
consumers have to be taught to think differently. recycling is still a unusual thought in the industrial era. people have to learn first, so they can act proper.
Significant for all materials
Glass - Paper
Significant for all materials
Construction aggregates
Significant for all materials
Plastic
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients
Bio-nutrients
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
establishing common minimum requirements.
 
 
 
 
 
extra tax for primary raw materials. money can be used to make secondary raw materials cheaper
industry should be simply forced by eu regulation. they do not spend any money voluntarily.
should be easier to reuse human waste.
 
cannot name, but i am pretty sure there are a lot of them. identify and close those gaps.
if national legislation does nothing, then eu should overdrive national legislation by eu-wide regulation.
 
 
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
plastic is still not seen as raw material, but as worthless and insignificant. publiuc perception has to change.
 
 
 
Electrical and electronic goods([ID192])
Plastics([ID200])
 
 
 
 
 
closing the gaps that allow those products to be shipped to africa allthough it is illegal. articals have to stay in europe, so that the problem is solved instead of bgeing displaced.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
plastics are considered waste productsbecause they are so cheap. make them more expensive by additional penalty taxes or similar.
 
 
 
 
 
 
not important
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important
important
very important
important
not very important
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very important
very important
not very important
 
 
 
 
Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Electrical and electronic goods([ID9])
Information and communication technologies([ID10])
Repair services([ID23])
 
Yes — micro enterprise([ID20])
No environmental labelling or management scheme([ID9])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
United Kingdom([ID49])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Rich Mellor t/as RWAP Services
373408717249-93
important
not very important
important
very important
important
not very important
very important
Promote and/or enable the use of economic incentives for third party support and repair of discontinued products
important
very important
not very important
important
not very important
important
important
very important
important
not very important
important
important
 
 
very important
important
important
very important
not very important
not very important
not important
 
 
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Packaging materials([ID94])
Air-conditioning and ventilation systems([ID96])
 
 
 
 
At the moment, recycling of these items is fairly low and yet the products have a short shelf-life - with a wide range of products serving the same market. There remains little support for repair of the products beyond the initial warranty period as they are then seen as end of life.
Over packaging remains a huge concern - for example multipacks of goods, where each item is still individually wrapped and branded inside the outer multipack. Efforts to increase the recycling of cardboard, wood and pallets should be encouraged, and incentives should be brought in towards the re-use of packaging materials, such as loose fill.
 
Air-conditioning in particular continues to be a major source of energy abuse especially as its use spreads further afield into cars and offices within countries which 10 years ago did not need it.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
not very important
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important
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effective
effective
effective
neutral
neutral
 
 
 
important
very important
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very important
important
not very important
important
important
very important
very important
important
Encourage manufacturers to make maintenance and repair information publically available following the end of a product life cycle to enable third parties to continue to support & repair products
Electronics([ID148])
Food and beverages([ID149])
 
 
Electronics tend to be based on a minimal set of components, but tend to follow trends in design rather than function.
Too much food is wasted by supermarkets and manufacturers when it could be handed out to food banks and charity for use.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expected product life should be more clearly available and backed up by consumer law to ensure that goods which (for example) are expected to last 5 years, have more than a 12 month warranty.
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Glass - Plastic
Paper - Wood/Biomass
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Bio-nutrients - Plastic
Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Plastic
Metals
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The main cause of land-fill - recycling schemes are unclear for consumers about what plastics can be recycled and what happens to them.
 
 
Unclear what use is made of 3rd world countries (and poor health and safety) for sorting and removing recycables from electronics and household waste
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID191])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
 
 
 
 
The main problem is encouraging the building sector to make better use of brownfield sites, which are often left, allowing buildings to become derelict and fall down.
 
 
 
In a time when more people are reliant on charity and food banks, supermarkets still appear to waste a lot of food rather than passing it onto charity.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
not very important
important
important
important
very important
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important
important
very important
not very important
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Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Construction([ID15])
Energy([ID6])
Electrical and electronic goods([ID9])
Information and communication technologies([ID10])
Textiles and clothing([ID15])
Furniture([ID16])
Recycling and other waste management([ID22])
Repair services([ID23])
 
Yes — micro enterprise([ID20])
Another environmental labelling or management scheme([ID8])
We are a "Benefit Corporation", a for-profit form of social enterprise whose mission is to regenerate wealth in the nonprofit / NGO community
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-EU MS/ EEA([ID8])
 
United States
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
Pollytix® Benefit Corporation
 
very important
important
not important
not very important
not very important
important
very important
The public should be directly engaged in the circular economy innovation process, it should not be strictly a business-driven initiative, as has been generally presented
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
important
important
important
important
important
no opinion
 
important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
not very important
 
 
Small domestic appliances (e.g. microwave ovens, food processors)([ID91])
Cars([ID102])
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
Small domestic appliances are used frequently by consumers, have a high potential of being repaired easily and general have the least amount of replacement parts available.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The labor cost of repairing cars soon outweighs the market value of a car as it gets old. Cras shoud be designed to be repaired easier, like the original motto of the Subaru "Inexpensive, and built to stay that way".
 
Transitioning to a Circular economy needs support and innovation from the public, it has to benefit the public financially and not be a drain on their pocketbook. For these reasons, the promotion of the circular economy is a big part of the momentum it needs to generate
 
important
very important
no opinion
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
important
not important
 
 
 
 
neutral
not effective
not effective
effective
neutral
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
important
important
not very important
 
very important
very important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Food and beverages([ID149])
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
Electronics become unfashionable in short time, forcing the consumer to consume more products and then throw them away
Plastic, non-deposit bottles continue to litter the landscape and cause a environmental problem for many types of wildlife
 
 
 
 
 
Consumers should be enabled to easily exchange unused and unwanted consumer goods between each other, instead of accumulating them in storage
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Most consumer goods are being made with plastic parts. The quality of the plastic in these parts often affect the duarbility and lifespan of the product
 
 
 
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
Information and communication technologies([ID198])
Retailing([ID201])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Follow the example made by France, in requiring that uneaten food e given away to charities instead of disposed of in the trash bin
 
 
The sharing of information is vital to cooperation between business and between consumers to discover where opportunties are for circular economy transformation
 
 
Retailers are the interface with the consumer, and be given new options for making profit instead of traditional sales
 
 
 
 
 
not very important
not important
important
important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
not very important
important
important
not very important
 
 
The business models within a circular economy are as important as the industrial processes themselves. A transition the to CE will require a shift in business thinking that will be counter to our capitalist thought process of centuries old. The focus of the circular shift is on creating new products and processes, when in reality we have an abundance of goods sitting idle in storage with not enough money in circulation to exchange them in normal commerce. We have to address a commodity surplus.
 
Public authority([ID6])
 
 
 
 
EU eco-label([ID6])
EMAS([ID7])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Austria([ID15])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Not very well informed([ID19])
Gemeinde Hallwang
 
important
important
important
important
very important
not very important
very important
find a general circle system as like as in Germany for Blister etc. packiges (bottle etc.)
important
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important
 
 
important
important
very important
very important
not very important
not very important
very important
 
 
Heating equipment (e.g. boilers, water heaters)([ID95])
Motors and pumps([ID98])
Cars([ID102])
 
 
 
 
 
 
most of this products have ohnly one simple error
 
 
the connetion between Motor and pump is a couple. These are simple spearparts
 
 
 
a car is a multicomponent System, why the holl car demage if you can use parts of it - especaly over a longer time than lifecircle.
 
 
 
important
important
very important
not important
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important
important
important
very important
 
 
 
 
effective
neutral
very effective
effective
effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
Standardisation and reuse on every stage of the process
White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID129])
Packaging materials([ID150])
Cars([ID153])
 
These are modlular products
 
 
a package is nessesay to save products but by one way it´s not destroyed - degreed
 
 
also a modular - System and very expensice on costs but some spearmarts lose use at the same time - canibalisation in the only way is not the easy way.
 
 
 
no
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients - Glass - Paper - Plastic
Critical raw materials - Glass - Metals - Paper - Plastic
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Glass - Metals - Paper - Plastic
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
production Needs Quality inputs
s.o.
s.o.
s.o.
free marked
s.o.
s.o.
yes EU-katrie can not solve all the local Problems/trubles
s.o.
s.o.
s.o.
there are a lot of Managers in the private sector which work not on the public demand, the think only on the advatage of there firms
s.o.
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Metals([ID165])
 
strategic positions
 
strategic positions
 
strategic positions
 
 
 
 
no
Bio-nutrients (e.g. from sewage sludge or farm organic matter residues) for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Services([ID202])
Transport([ID204])
 
 
strategic use
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
are in every use too cheap.
 
s.o.
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
not important
very important
not very important
not important
very important
not important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
pooh a very Long Questionare
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Germany([ID27])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Jakob Hörl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
important
important
important
important
important
very important
Non-toxicity and long-term hazardous material/components
not very important
not important
very important
very important
important
important
not very important
very important
Role model aspect (Europe is one of the richest economic regions globally, its products and ways of production have to lead and set an example for other regions)
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Packaging materials([ID94])
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
 
 
The turnover rate of smartphones and similar devices has rampaged over the past years. Even so the resources needed per single device are not high, the large quantity and quick innovation process uses a lot of materials, of which some are rather problematic in production (e.g. certain minerals).
Packaging is creating the most waste in the domestic material cycle. Putting priority on this aspect and trying to make more durable/reusable packages or just using less is a relatively cost efficient way to reduce resource consumption, whilst having a large impact.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A circular economy is only feasible, if you open up your perspective and think in systems and not in products. It includes many aspects, also some that might not be directly visible. Synergies can only arise if you look across sectors and see how to combine them in the best way. One's product packaging can for example be manufactured in a way that it can be recollected and used as a part of some other products component, without melting it down etc. Therefore it is necessary to focus on a broad range of measures that promotes the general idea of circular economy.
 
very important
no opinion
no opinion
important
important
not very important
not very important
very important
very important
important
important
 
 
 
 
very effective
neutral
effective
effective
effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
Require that detailed information about the product and its production is accessible, e.g. through a smartphone scan, so that conscious con- and pro-sumers can take wise decisions
Food and beverages([ID149])
Packaging materials([ID150])
Furniture([ID152])
 
 
 
Food is the basis of all our lives. A lot of resources are required for production of transport and a lot of good food is wasted. It is a rather easy measure to produce food locally and high quality!
Packaging is creating the most waste in the domestic material cycle. Putting priority on this aspect and trying to make more durable/reusable packages or just using less is a relatively cost efficient
 
Furniture can be easily produced from recycled wood materials in a cascading way, keeping the resource wood in the cycle and storing CO2. Less wood then needs to be imported from critical sources.
 
 
 
 
Education of con- and pro-sumers about the products and resources they use is probably the most effective and necessary. Standards for education at school level are thinkable, so that a basis of knowledge across the European society is created and leaves room for future initiatives. In a conscious society, every person should be aware about one's footprint and impact on the earth. This would allow people weather to take actions or not, but at least they would have a choice.
Significant for all materials - Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Bio-nutrients - Plastic
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients
Bio-nutrients - Wood/Biomass
 
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials
Paper - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials - Wood/Biomass
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
Critical raw materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Plastics([ID167])
Wood/Biomass([ID168])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
It is rather easy, yet highly efficient to improve the use of wood and biomass, also in terms of CO2 sequestration and climate change mitigation.
 
 
Agriculture([ID188])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
Forest-based and other bio-based products([ID196])
 
-Climate Smart Agriculture -Put more importance on soil production/improvement -Make agriculture more sustainable -review of subsidy regulation, favor long-term goals that pay more attention to soil productivity, water use capacity/efficiency and biodiversity -support innovation in agriculture and the development of new concepts
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wasting food is unacceptable as long as other humans starve o this planet, thus do something about it! Support and foster local/regional production and marketing Develop new ways of distribution Focus on sustainable food production systems, looking at the whole chain from production to consumption (waste) and recycling
- Support making green products more competitive, e.g. through rewarding their lower impact on environment, especially CO2 output, through taxation of other products, such as concrete and steel - Encourage use of bio-based materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
important
not very important
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
not very important
very important
important
very important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Luxembourg([ID37])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Maurice Herkrath
 
very important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
important
Encourage research for new, eco-friendly and durable resources/methods that could subsitute less sustainable ones.
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
important
important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
 
 
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The principle of recycling, upcycling and upgrading can be adopted to any categorie. But it is mostly important for goods of mass consumption, that have a rather short lifecycle whilst using problematic/unsustainable resources. This includes small to large electronic appliances as well as transport goods and packaging.
 
very important
very important
no opinion
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
 
 
 
 
very effective
effective
neutral
effective
very effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
Design a campaign that gives a clear motivation to consumers by e.g. specifying what good has been done to the eco-system by buying sustainable products rather than their counterpart
Food and beverages([ID149])
Packaging materials([ID150])
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
 
Food and beverages are a primary need. World hunger, mass animal farming etc. are sensitive topics that concern a lot of people and therefor allow sensibilisation campagnes to have an impact.
Packaging materials are surely the easiest introduction into a circular economy as their recycling is already wide-spread and accepted. This enables it to take more far-reaching measures.
 
 
 
 
In the long run the EU has to target a wide product range that will be promoted by sustainable consumption patterns because this is the only possible path for a secured future of Europe.
 
 
Significant for all materials
Metals - Plastic
Significant for all materials
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
Developd EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials
If the circular economy pattern will be introduced step by step, this will automatically adapt as it will be imperative and advatageous to properly separate and recycle materials.
Once that recycling has become more systematic and organized, the quality of each material can be assessed and reported.
Too many materials are simply thrown away and not recycled or reused. This can only change with the perception of the final consumer and the industry itself. Thus awareness raising campagnes as well as economic benefits will open the market for more products to enter the cycle.
This is due on the one hand to a poor/uncontinuous demand. The market is still too small so that entrepreneurs in the recycling business can not decently rely on a demand that is systematic and recurring. Once that the industry starts to sign contracts or fix quotas with the suppliers of recycled material this will become a dynamic cycle.
The low demand is interconected with the poor availability and the reliability of the recycled materials. Those questions can only be resolved if the EU designs campaigns and implements measures that foster the use of those materials. Once the EU gets the ball rolling an effective cycle of demand and offer can occur.
A great deal of primary raw materials are cheap at their source. This is not comprehensible as many of those materials are obtained through procedures that are vastly detrimental for the environment. What is mor is that those rwa materials are often not occuring in Europe and thus need to be imported, which makes the reuse of secondary materials, even though their processing cost, more attractive in the long run.
This is effectively more problematic as it requires substantial investments to erect a process that introduces secondary raw materials into the production process. But the word investement says it all, it is a one-time price to pay in order to be able to rely on a sustainable business model for the future. The industry has therefor to be sensibilized, influenced and incentivized so as to generate a change in their mindset.
Eliminate those obstacles.
Eliminate those obstacles.
 
 
This exchange should naturally be animated once the market for recycled material is taking its course. Once it becomes interesting and maybe even contemporary in terms of business to rely on more sustainable materials the cooperation, wether vertically or horizontally, will take place.
Compute data on secondary material flows. For example by making their declaration mandatory in some way.
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)([ID162])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Metals([ID165])
 
 
The construction sector is huge as population steadily rises and cities are growing. Therefor it is the EU's and the member states responsibility to conceptualize strong measures of effective urban planning that include the use and reuse of ecologically worthwile construction methods.
I would have chosen Packaging materials (glass, paper, plastic etc) as their consumption is huge. But as I consider those to be already handeled quite well (at least in northern Europe) I rather chose critical rwa materials as their exploitation is a major problem for the world's ecosystem.
 
Metals are nowadays indispensable, but as their production or transformation often needs huge amounts of chemicals it is crucial to find ways to integrate the use of secondary raw materials, that do not need a great amount of transformation.
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture([ID188])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
Plastics([ID200])
 
Agriculture has worked as some kind of circular economy for hundreds of years, also being specified as permaculture. Only since we found out that the use of radical chemicals results in less work for the farmer, we adopted an unhealthy and unsustainable style of agriculture. Measures would mostly be to ban certain pesticides that are proven to be detrimental. An other important measure would be to subsidy organic farming.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Food and beverages are a primary need and a product of mass consumption. World hunger, mass animal farming etc. are sensitive topics that concern a lot of people and therefor allow sensibilisation campagnes to have an impact. For example no norms for appearance of fruits and vegetables. Promoting the consumption of local and seasonable produce. Sale or donation of products that approach or reached their expiration date.
 
 
 
 
Plastics are broadly used and need an important amount of oil. Most people are already aware of this problem and the recycling of plastic is spreading. But the EU needs to implement EU-wide measures that prompt all countries to participate/increase the recycling of plastics. This could also be enhanced by defining and introducing even clearer subcategories of plastic products that facilitate their recycling and handling.
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Italy([ID33])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Not very well informed([ID19])
Raul Simonetti
 
very important
not very important
important
important
very important
 
 
 
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
very important
important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
 
 
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Packaging materials([ID94])
 
 
 
 
Because they are often replaced by new products and the old ones are disposed of
Packaging materials are almost always disposed of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
no opinion
no opinion
not very important
very important
not very important
not very important
important
important
very important
important
 
 
 
 
very effective
neutral
effective
effective
effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
important
not very important
very important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Food and beverages([ID149])
Packaging materials([ID150])
 
 
Often replaced by new electronic products
Wasted too much
Almost always disposed of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates
 
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)([ID162])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electrical and electronic goods([ID192])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
Plastics([ID200])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
very important
important
 
 
 
 
important
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
France([ID26])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
Maija KRASTINA
 
very important
not very important
important
important
very important
very important
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
no opinion
no opinion
very important
important
not very important
no opinion
no opinion
 
 
Others([ID105])
The most used or the ones that pollute most
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I think it's wrong approach to ask for a view. This priority should be set by evaluation of data: which of the products are the most used by consumers + the ones that break-down most/wear down most + create most trash that can not be recycled / or no infrastructure in MS exist to recycle + the nature of trash (chemical, toxic, etc).
not important
no opinion
very important
not very important
 
no opinion
not very important
not very important
very important
no opinion
no opinion
very important
 
Impose solutions and legislation and oblige industry to implement it
Absence of legislation when it comes to programmed obsolescence
not effective
neutral
neutral
not effective
not effective
no opinion
 
 
very important
very important
not important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
very important
 
 
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Once again: priorities should be assed by analysing data, not opinions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Those that pollute most + easy to implement
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
very important
important
very important
important
not very important
very important
very important
not important
not very important
not important
not important
not important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-EU MS/ EEA([ID8])
 
Turkey
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Not very well informed([ID19])
Meltem UNLU TOKCAER
 
very important
important
not important
very important
not very important
very important
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
very important
important
very important
important
important
important
important
 
 
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Heating equipment (e.g. boilers, water heaters)([ID95])
Motors and pumps([ID98])
 
 
 
 
Small electronics are the ones mostly upgraded. Therefore we produce electronic and reusable waste. If circular economy approach is used for the production and consumption of small electronics the one can expect major economic benefits, thus contributing to job creation and growth.
 
Heating equipment is the one that has energy demand, therefore we need innovative products that use less energy and create more benefit.
 
 
In most of the industrial application as well as wastewater and water treatment facilities motors and pumps are wideliy used. Most of the energy usage results from motors and pumps. Therefore we need innovative products that use less energy and create more benefit.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
no opinion
no opinion
important
important
important
important
very important
very important
important
very important
 
 
 
 
neutral
effective
effective
effective
very effective
 
 
 
important
important
very important
not very important
important
important
important
important
very important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Packaging materials([ID150])
Clothing and textiles([ID151])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture([ID188])
Energy([ID193])
Water sector/sewage treatment([ID205])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
 
 
Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Furniture([ID16])
 
No([ID21])
EU eco-label([ID6])
EMAS([ID7])
Another environmental labelling or management scheme([ID8])
SCS Indoor Advantage, Blaue Engel, Oekotex, FSC, PEFC, NF Environnement, Environmental Product Declaration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Non-EU MS/ EEA([ID8])
France([ID26])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
Steelcase
 
very important
important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
Better check environmental communications (to decrease greenwashing practices)
very important
very important
very important
important
important
very important
not very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
important
very important
 
 
Office equipment (e.g. computers, printers)([ID92])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Clothing and textiles([ID100])
 
 
 
Because of the huge volume of consumption, the generally low durability of those products, and the significant environmental impacts associated
Because of the huge volume of consumption, the generally low durability of those products, and the significant environmental impacts associated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Because of the huge volume of consumption, the generally low durability of those products, and the significant environmental impacts associated
 
 
 
 
 
important
very important
very important
important
important
important
important
very important
important
important
important
 
 
 
Not enough incentives today to truly apply eco-design on new products.
very effective
effective
 
effective
very effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
important
 
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
 
 
White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID129])
Electronics([ID148])
Clothing and textiles([ID151])
 
Because of the huge volume of consumption, the generally low durability of those products, and the significant environmental impacts associated
Because of the huge volume of consumption, the generally low durability of those products, and the significant environmental impacts associated
 
 
Because of the huge volume of consumption, the generally low durability of those products, and the significant environmental impacts associated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Glass - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Construction aggregates - Glass - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Construction aggregates - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Construction aggregates - Wood/Biomass
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic
Construction aggregates - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Construction aggregates - Plastic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)([ID162])
Plastics([ID167])
Wood/Biomass([ID168])
 
 
Huge market: huge consumption of raw materials...
 
 
 
 
Huge opportunities and breathing space for improvement
 
 
 
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID191])
Mining and quarrying([ID199])
Transport([ID204])
 
 
 
 
Huge industrial field
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Many issues (social and environmental) related to ores extraction, and the short life-time of electronic products.
 
 
 
 
Big contributor to CO2 emissions
 
 
very important
very important
important
important
important
important
very important
important
very important
important
important
important
important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
France([ID26])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
vincent CAU
 
important
important
important
very important
important
important
 
 
important
very important
very important
important
important
very important
important
important
important
very important
important
important
 
 
important
important
important
important
important
important
important
 
 
Packaging materials([ID94])
 
 
 
 
 
the packages are inherently obsolescent
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
important
 
 
very important
important
very important
not very important
important
important
important
important
 
 
 
 
no opinion
no opinion
no opinion
no opinion
no opinion
 
 
 
very important
important
very important
important
important
important
important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
Packaging materials([ID150])
 
 
 
 
too much unnecessary packaging
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)([ID162])
Glass([ID164])
 
 
establishment of a standard for use crushed concrete as aggregate in concrete
 
reuse of glass bottles instead of glass recycling
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID191])
Other- please specify below([ID206])
packaging
 
 
 
construction is the sector that uses more materials (by volume)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
important
important
very important
very important
important
 
 
 
 
Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Information and communication technologies([ID10])
Recycling and other waste management([ID22])
 
Yes — medium-sized enterprise([ID18])
Another environmental labelling or management scheme([ID8])
ISO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Romania([ID43])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
Global Innovation Solution
 
very important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
 
 
very important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
not very important
not very important
important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
important
important
important
important
important
important
very important
 
 
Packaging materials([ID94])
Clothing and textiles([ID100])
Cars([ID102])
 
 
 
 
 
the most common waste generation
 
 
 
 
 
the impact at international level is huge
 
we use to many cars and we do not take care 100% of the ELV
 
 
 
important
not very important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
 
 
 
enforcement on EU level must be improved
neutral
effective
effective
very effective
very effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Packaging materials([ID150])
Clothing and textiles([ID151])
 
 
together with white goods can be repair and reuse very easy
 
it will be easy to improve prevention on this with minimum actions
we need to support international repair and reuse
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Glass
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
Critical raw materials - Glass
Bio-nutrients - Glass
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Glass
Critical raw materials - Glass
Significant for all materials - Construction aggregates
 
 
Significant for all materials - Critical raw materials - Glass
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)([ID162])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Glass([ID164])
 
 
demolition and construction will be a day by day activity
we have not only to improve the technology to recover but also to decrease the cost of doing it
it is easy to reduce the environmental impact especialy on primary raw material
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. from sewage sludge or farm organic matter residues) for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID191])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
 
 
agriculture need this
 
we have to improve our construction technology and habits
 
 
 
we have to decouple the consumption and waste generation and we have to decrease the waste food generation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
 
very important
important
important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
enforcement is very important; we need an enforcement body at EU level
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Netherlands([ID39])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Pim Croes
 
not important
important
very important
important
not very important
important
very important
Inernalization of economic externalities; transfer of municipal disposal costs to the product
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
important
important
important
very important
Internalization of externalities; transfer of municipal disposal costs to the product
important
important
very important
not very important
not very important
not very important
not important
no opinion
 
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Packaging materials([ID94])
Cars([ID102])
 
 
 
 
One of the major challenges is fashion and the ever shortening economical life time of products
Plastic is not really a problem, when properly collected and reused or incinerated with energy recovery. The challenge is littering.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumers represent one of the worst examples of status-, fashion- and consuming for pleasure- products. They are a symbol of unsustainability and should be turned into an example of how humanity can change things.
 
 
 
very important
important
no opinion
not important
not very important
not important
not important
very important
important
very important
not important
 
 
 
 
neutral
very effective
very effective
neutral
effective
very effective
Internalization of externalities; tax reform; make added value tax depend on sustainability
 
very important
very important
very important
not very important
not very important
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
 
 
Electronics([ID148])
Packaging materials([ID150])
Cars([ID153])
 
 
fashion and short economical life times are the issue to be addressed, more than techical life time.
 
littering is the most urgent issue, because it is related to consumer's mentality
 
 
cars are an example for everything
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
The fact that most costs relted to disposal are borne by others than the producer of a product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Companies are cost driven. if the costs difference is big enough; they will change
Companies are cost driven. if the costs difference is big enough; they will change
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)([ID162])
Wood/Biomass([ID168])
 
Land depletion and eutrofication is one of the most threatening, but also most hidden issues As is the massive transfer of nutrients from low income countries to high income countries
Construction materials are in quite massive quantities and relatively easy to control by regulations
 
 
 
 
 
Used wood is not only a current cause of loss of forestry, but, if well managed, can be changed into a carbon sink.
 
The word "secondary" can be deleted in a completely circular economy
Agriculture([ID188])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID195])
Transport([ID204])
 
There is a lot wrong with agriculture in Europe.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Food should be locally produced and stored.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A lot of transport is wasted. An example: supermarkets studied their major unsutainable contribution and found that to be open freezers. But they forgot the driving to and from their shops by all the consumers.
 
 
important
important
not very important
important
important
important
not very important
important
not very important
not important
not very important
not very important
important
 
 
internalization of externalities
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
France([ID26])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Pascal DUMOULIN
 
important
very important
not very important
very important
important
very important
 
 
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
important
very important
 
 
very important
important
very important
important
important
important
important
 
 
Packaging materials([ID94])
Clothing and textiles([ID100])
Cars([ID102])
 
 
 
 
 
volumes importants et fréquence de consommation / large volumes and strong frequency of use
 
 
 
 
 
volumes importants et fréquence de consommation/ / large volumes and strong frequency of use
 
Symbolic power and environmental impact
 
 
 
very important
important
no opinion
very important
important
important
important
very important
not very important
not very important
very important
 
 
 
 
neutral
effective
very effective
effective
very effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
important
important
important
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
Packaging materials([ID150])
Clothing and textiles([ID151])
Cars([ID153])
 
 
 
 
volumes importants et fréquence de consommation / large volumes and strong frequency of use
volumes importants et fréquence de consommation / large volumes and strong frequency of use
 
Symbolic power and environmental impact
 
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. from sewage sludge or farm organic matter residues) for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Energy([ID193])
Plastics([ID200])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
important
very important
not very important
very important
very important
very important
important
not very important
not very important
not very important
important
 
 
 
 
Academic/research institution([ID7])
 
 
 
 
I don’t know([ID10])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
United Kingdom([ID49])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
David Cooper
 
important
very important
very important
important
very important
important
not very important
The time factor, material, product and component development.
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
very important
important
important
very important
important
important
important
important
 
very important
very important
important
very important
very important
important
not very important
 
 
Motors and pumps([ID98])
Cars([ID102])
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
these contain a variety of materials, which have a recovered value
 
 
 
cars and other vehicles contain a complex variety of materials to be recovered, reprocessed and reused
 
overall there should be encouragement to develop the idea of the circular economy and to find, develop and market new materials, readily re-cycled and reprocessed
 
not very important
important
not very important
not very important
not very important
very important
not important
important
very important
important
very important
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
important
important
important
not important
important
not very important
important
not important
 
 
White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID129])
Cars([ID153])
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
The relative complexity of some of these and the difficulty of repair and replacement
 
 
 
 
 
Traditionally cars and other vehicles have been scrapped and the components sold for material recovery. New designs and new materials present opportunities and challenges.
 
The idea of a circularity from resource, to production and consumption and then recovery is new and needs careful public development showing the advantages of this.
 
The consumption phase is the most public, but understanding is important at all steps in the manufacturing, and production of goods.
Significant for all materials
Construction aggregates
Significant for all materials
Critical raw materials
Plastic
Construction aggregates - Paper
Construction aggregates
Bio-nutrients
 
 
Significant for all materials - Construction aggregates
 
Significant for all materials - Critical raw materials - Glass
Construction aggregates
 
 
 
 
This would ease reuse of recycled materials by manufacturers and reprocessors
This only applies to some materials and involves the individual sources.
Really as above
Depends upon the relative prices against virgin materials
For most items this can be dealt with
Changing demands for paper and particularly paper types and qualities could soon become a problem
The surfeit of scrap aluminium, in the 1980s and the closure of two paper recovery - reprocessing illustrate two recent cost differentials. These can arise quickly and have a devastating effect on the markets for materials and the recovery chains..
There is a problem of definition here, most industrial processes could use secondary materials if these achieve the required quality, what the steel users and copper manufacturers have been doing for years.
 
 
I do not feel qualified to comments.
 
The notion of a circular - economy is perhaps too restrictive, but an alternative terminology is hard to develop
The size, cost and character of these is changing constantly and whilst the prices of commodities can be monitored easily, secondary raw material flows are more difficult.
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Paper([ID166])
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
With limited sources and cost of materials this is economically attractive
 
 
The decline in the amount of low quality newsprint and office paper could be problematic.
The does seem to be some differences in what plastics can be recovered and how, one possible problem is the amount of 'end of life' plastics from buildings household goods, e.g. furniture creating problems.
 
 
This requires the monitoring of product developments and the understanding of what is going to be needed and how that will be recovered and reprocessed at the end of its life as that product.
Electrical and electronic goods([ID192])
Forest-based and other bio-based products([ID196])
Transport([ID204])
 
 
 
 
 
Ensure effective reprocessing, recovery and durability
 
 
 
Ensure there is replanting of forest and effective management of the woodland,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ensure the compnents of all vehciles, road, rail, air and marine are as recoverable for reuse as possible
 
 
very important
important
important
very important
important
important
very important
very important
important
not very important
important
important
very important
 
 
Care that the idea should be dismissed as marginally relevant to economic welfare
 
Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Other: please indicate([ID24])
consultancy&engineering
Yes — small enterprise([ID19])
No environmental labelling or management scheme([ID9])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Spain([ID46])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
EDAFOTEC Suelos a la Carta SL
396604510241-77
very important
important
important
very important
important
not very important
 
 
not important
 
important
important
not very important
important
not very important
not very important
important
not very important
not very important
important
 
 
important
important
very important
very important
very important
not very important
not very important
 
 
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
We are still in the phase of general measures, in oorder to involve the whole econmomic system. Later on a more detailed catalogue of economic sectors relatd with circular economy ,should be developed
 
very important
important
not very important
not very important
important
not very important
not very important
important
very important
 
not very important
 
 
 
 
effective
effective
effective
neutral
effective
 
 
 
very important
important
very important
not very important
not very important
not very important
not very important
not very important
important
very important
 
 
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Circular economy is not known at the consumer level ,raising awareness is the key issue
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
 
 
Significant for all materials
Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Plastics([ID167])
 
Inefficiency of use
 
High cost, external dependency
 
 
 
The big one, related with production and consumption
 
 
 
Energy([ID193])
Water sector/sewage treatment([ID205])
 
 
 
 
 
 
Development of strategies for supporting energy efficiency. More clear support for renewables
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water consumption information, supporting the use of recycled water
 
not important
important
very important
 
not very important
not very important
not very important
important
important
not very important
not very important
not very important
not very important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
United Kingdom([ID49])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Chris Williams
 
important
very important
important
important
important
very important
 
 
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
important
important
important
very important
very important
important
very important
 
 
important
very important
important
very important
important
important
important
 
 
White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID90])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Construction products (e.g. windows, insulation materials)([ID103])
 
These are currently seen as having a lifespan of 4 to 5 years and they should last much longer which would be the case if there were more interchangeable parts
 
 
The amount of embedded energy in these items means that they should be far easier to repair and recycle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Because the carbon tied up in building materials needs to be such that there is far easier re-use of the raw materials without resorting to secondary uses such as aggregates
 
 
important
very important
important
very important
important
important
important
very important
very important
important
important
 
 
 
Implementation into national legislation by EU member states
effective
effective
very effective
effective
very effective
 
 
 
very important
very important
important
important
very important
important
important
important
important
very important
 
 
White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)([ID129])
Electronics([ID148])
Packaging materials([ID150])
 
They have so many components which could be harmful if released to the environment
The life cycle of electronics is now fairly short term and perfectly functional items should be given a second chance of use
 
Packaging is a potential global problem as has been seen in the plastics waste which ends up in the world's oceans. Packaging should be far more environmentally friendly and recyclable
 
 
 
 
 
 
Citizens should be encouraged to value the products they purchase with incentives for repair rather than replacement being considered primarily.
Significant for all materials
Glass - Paper - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Significant for all materials
Critical raw materials
Bio-nutrients - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
Plastic
 
 
 
 
Closer cooperation between national standards bodies to achieve a workable standard that is recognised globally
Contamination through comingling collections
consumers not provided with accurate information about the recyclability of materials especially plastics
There are too many polymer types which are difficult to seperate and thus recycle. Functionaility should take precedence over fashion in the manufacture of these products
Insufficient separation during collection which adds to the contamination of potentially recyclable materials and their subsequent disposal via incineration or landfill.
The drop in the oil price has adversely affected recyclate prices which could be addressed by subsidies for target materials during periods of low market recovered prices.
Clear example is the cost differential between the polymer raw material price for PET and the virtually non existent data for recovered prices for secondary recovered PET bottles
Confidence among manufacturers of the value and acceptability of recovered materials for re-introduction into production processes
Implementation of local rules which could be seen as affecting the competitiveness of the implementing nation state against non implementing neighbour states
Lack of EU Wide consistency during implementation by member states national governments
Varying standards across member states which favour their own markets
Within devolved administrations, some states may be more ambitious than others and suffer a competitive disadvantage as a result
Producers should be more willing to provide data on re-use and recyclability and consider eco-design more closely
Because the prices are driven by demand and supply in the recovered materials market, it is left to national bodies such as WRAP in the UK to provide a picture of the market in their country.
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
Glass([ID164])
Plastics([ID167])
 
 
 
Because these are the most crucial for recovery as they cannot be allowed to be disposed of to landfill where they will be lost forever
Due to the amount of energy needed during production of glass which should mean that it is far more recyclable without loss of quality
 
 
Due to the vast quantities of the different polymer types which end up in the oceans and affect wildlife worldwide.
 
 
It could be something that green investment banks could influence by purchasing more stocks of secondary materials which can then be gradually released into the market during high price situations and bought when there is over-supply in the market. This would act as a buffer mechanism to the market price volatility.
Agriculture([ID188])
Bio-nutrients (e.g. from sewage sludge or farm organic matter residues) for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Electrical and electronic goods([ID192])
 
Support for producers in terms of the cost of necessary items such as silage wrap with additional resources to support a national take back and supply arrangement
Using the correct bio-matter to obtain the maximum derived benefit for the end product
 
 
Encouragement of more modular product design so that defective parts are easier to replace without having to dispose of the entire product. Easier to repair is also vital and this could be achieved using ISO international standard approaches.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
important
very important
very important
important
important
very important
important
important
important
very important
important
very important
 
 
More cross sector working by EU member states and their national quality bodies
 
Private enterprise([ID11])
 
Other: please indicate([ID24])
Remanufacturing of printer consumables
Yes — medium-sized enterprise([ID18])
Another environmental labelling or management scheme([ID8])
Nordic Ecolabelling
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Germany([ID27])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Delacamp A.G.
 
very important
very important
not very important
important
very important
not very important
no opinion
 
not very important
very important
very important
important
not very important
very important
important
not very important
very important
not very important
important
important
no opinion
 
important
important
important
very important
not very important
important
very important
 
 
Office equipment (e.g. computers, printers)([ID92])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
General measures (concerning a broad range of products) should be taken([ID104])
 
 
 
Remanufacturing/Re-use of much office equipment is well established but mostly by 3rd party companies. The OEM regard remanufactured products as competitors so actively discourage it through negative marketing and design/patent measures.
For the general consumer there are no easily avaialble facilities to take back small appliances. Most are sold in supermarkets which have no take-back facility. Local authority waste facilities are usually far away and involve queueing at weekends so the easiest solution for the end-user is to dispose of them in general waste. Larger appliances can not be "hidden" in general waste and take-back schemes are usually available for them.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General principles of "design for re-use" and removal of other barriers to remanufacture/re-use will have a greater overall effect and encourage growth of existing remanufacturing industries than product group targeted measures
 
not very important
very important
very important
not important
important
not very important
not important
not important
not very important
not very important
no opinion
very important
 
Make the EU Ecolabel enforceable or at least encourage OEMs to conform
1 - EU patents awarded to OEMs that prohibit/discourage remanufacture or make it prohibitively expensive 2 - Prevent the import of cheap clone and compatible products from outside the EU which have no end-of-life solution (e.g. printer cartridges from China)
effective
neutral
effective
not effective
neutral
 
 
 
not very important
not very important
not important
very important
important
not very important
very important
no opinion
not very important
not very important
very important
Educate consumers that the cheapest products (often bought on-line) are often clones or compatibles with no end-of-life solution. They should only buy from sources which provide end-of-life solutions
Electronics([ID148])
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
Small electronic are often discared in general waste as current end-of-life solutions are too expensive or time-consuming relative the cost/size of the device
 
 
 
 
 
 
The consumer should not have to consider which product group an item belongs to and the appropriate actions - general measures should apply to everything
 
Warranties/Guarantees on equipment must not be invalidated by the use of remanufactured sub-assemblies/consumables unless it can be shown that the problem was caused by the remanufactured item. Currently some printer manufacturers infrom customers that use of non-OEM cartridges invalidate the warranty on the printer.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials - Bio-nutrients - Construction aggregates - Critical raw materials - Glass - Metals - Paper - Plastic - Wood/Biomass
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electrical and electronic goods([ID192])
Plastics([ID200])
Other- please specify below([ID206])
Packaging
 
 
 
 
Provide easy, low-cost take-back of small electronic/electrical devices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Encourage the development and use of biodegradeable solutions (e.g supermarket bags made from biodegradable material)
 
 
 
 
 
Most packaging is currently designed to enhance the appearance of the product inside. Most of it is unecessary. Although recycling of cardborad is widespread, packaging using plastics bonded to cardboard is very common and presnts a problem.
not very important
not very important
not very important
not very important
important
not very important
very important
not very important
not very important
important
very important
very important
not very important
very important
Import of cheap "compatible" and clone products from Asia (particularly China) must be stopped. End users, especially in on-line situations, will choose the cheapest product, not the ecological one.
Many incentives aready exist to encourage design for re-use of manufactured products. These are ineffective if remanufacturing is carried out by 3rd party industry (like the 20+ year old pronter cartridge remanufacturing industry) which competes with the OEM. No OEM will knowingly make their product remanufacturable by a competitor - currently they use patents and construction techniques to try to prevent it. Until this is resolved huge potential for remanufacturice can not be addressed
 
Academic/research institution([ID7])
 
 
 
 
I don’t know([ID10])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Netherlands([ID39])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Fairly well informed([ID36])
Arno Scheepens, Delft University of Technology
 
very important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
important
not very important
important
important
very important
not very important
very important
very important
very important
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very important
very important
The EU should aim to lower the Eco-costs / Value Ratio of all products and services in the EU. See the book from Vogtlander et al. (2014) on the Eco-costs / Value Ratio for more information.
very important
important
not very important
not very important
not very important
no opinion
very important
 
 
Office equipment (e.g. computers, printers)([ID92])
Small electronics (e.g. smartphones, cameras)([ID93])
Lighting products([ID97])
 
 
 
rapid rise in use of Critical Raw Materials
rapid rise in use of Critical Raw Materials
 
 
 
rapid rise in use of Critical Raw Materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
not very important
no opinion
no opinion
very important
no opinion
important
not very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
 
 
 
 
very effective
not effective
not effective
not effective
effective
 
 
 
not very important
very important
not very important
important
very important
very important
very important
very important
not very important
important
 
 
Cars([ID153])
Construction products([ID154])
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken([ID155])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cars have a high direct and indirect impact on the environment in the use phase. it is also one of the biggest challenges in achieving circular business models for their use-phase.
Consumer choices for building characteristics are generally accompanied with high costs, especially for renovation. Also, much more environmentally sound and circular alternatives exist at high costs.
In general, the Eco-costs / Value ratio of all use-phases should be lowered.
 
 
Critical raw materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
 
Significant for all materials
Significant for all materials
 
 
 
 
install quality standards (e.g. purity, grade, etc.) and measurement protocols for producers, as well as compliance measures regarding product material information
the image of low quality for recycled materials could benefit from sound marketing strategies.
Producer claims for quality of recycled materials could benefit from trustworthy backing up their information. this requires an independent body.
 
 
 
This might be adressed by scaling up the recycling industry facilities, supply chain etc.
 
 
 
 
 
Within the value chain, actors are cautious to divulge sensitive information about their products. A EU-wide standard could adress this internally, but international competition might benefit at the cost of european companies.
See above
Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use([ID161])
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID163])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
very important
very important
important
not very important
important
important
very important
very important
very important
important
not very important
very important
very important
 
 
 
 
As an individual / private person([ID5])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EU MS/ EEA([ID7])
Sweden([ID47])
 
Under the name given: I consent to publication of all information in my contribution and I declare that none of it is subject to copyright restrictions that prevent publication([ID30])
Very well informed([ID35])
Ronja Lidenhammar
 
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important
very important