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Published Results: circular-economy

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2.1. In what capacity are you completing this questionnaire?([ID4])
Please specify:([ID13])
Please specify your business sector([ID14])
Please specify your business sector:([ID25])
Is your company an SME?([ID17])
Does your company/organization make use of any of the following?([ID5])
Please specify:([ID11])
Please indicate the sectors your organisation represents([ID12])
Please specify other sectors your organization represents:([ID32])
Where are your member companies located?([ID6])
Please specify EU Member States/EEA countries of your member companies:([ID10])
Please specify the non-EU Member States/EEA countries of your member companies:([ID231])
Please indicate your main area of focus (environment, consumers, etc.)([ID7])
Please specify your other area of focus:([ID16])
2.2. Please give your country of residence/establishment([ID242])
Please specify the EU MS/EEA country of your establishment:([ID246])
Please specify the non-EU MS/ EEA country of your establishment:([ID248])
2.3. Please indicate your preference for the publication of your response on the Commission’s website:([ID29])
2.4. How well informed are you about the circular economy initiative?([ID34])
2.5. Please give your name if replying as an individual/private person, otherwise give the name of your organisation([ID18])
If your organisation is registered in the Transparency Register, please give your Register ID number.([ID8])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Establish binding rules on product design (e.g. minimum requirements on ‘durability’ under Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC) ([ID27])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Encourage industry-led initiatives (i.e. self-regulation) ([ID28])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Develop standards for voluntary use ([ID30])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Promote and/or enable the use of economic incentives for eco-innovation and sustainable product design (e.g. via rules on Extended Producer Responsibility schemes) ([ID31])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Review rules on legal and commercial guarantees ([ID36])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Encourage the consumption of green products (see section 4) ([ID38])
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level? : Other — please specify below ([ID39])
If you think that additional options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID41])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Durability ([ID49])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reparability: Availability of information on product repair (e.g. repair manuals) ([ID50])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reparability: Product design facilitating maintenance and repair activities ([ID51])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reparability: Availability of spare parts ([ID52])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Upgradability and modularity ([ID55])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Reusability ([ID57])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Biodegradability and compostability ([ID58])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Resource use in the use phase (e.g. water efficiency) ([ID59])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Recyclability (e.g. dismantling, separation of components, information on chemical content) ([ID60])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Increased content of reused parts or recycled materials ([ID61])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Increased content of renewable materials ([ID62])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Minimising lifecycle environmental impacts ([ID63])
3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features? : Other- please specify below ([ID219])
If you think that additional options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID43])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on production cost and affordability of the product ([ID78])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on production processes and value chain ([ID79])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on consumers (e.g. through durability and reparability) ([ID80])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Functionality of the product ([ID83])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Enabling innovation ([ID84])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Respecting technology neutrality ([ID85])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Impact on EU imports and exports ([ID86])
3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level? : Other — please specify below ([ID87])
If you think that other considerations not listed above should be taken into account, please specify:([ID89])
3.4. From a circular economy perspective, in your view which product categories should be given priority in the next few years and why?([ID88])
If you think that other product categories not listed above should be taken into account, please specify:([ID90])
Please give reasons for your choice:white goods([ID227])
Please give reasons for your choice: small domestic appliances([ID228])
Please give reasons for your choice: office equipment([ID230])
Please give reasons for your choice: small electronics([ID232])
Please give reasons for your choice: packaging materials([ID233])
Please give reasons for your choice: heating equipment([ID234])
Please give reasons for your choice: air-conditioning and ventilation systems([ID235])
Please give reasons for your choice: lighting products([ID236])
Please give reasons for your choice: motors and pumps([ID237])
Please give reasons for your choice: industrial equipment([ID238])
Please give reasons for your choice: clothing and textiles([ID239])
Please give reasons for your choice: furniture([ID240])
Please give reasons for your choice: cars([ID241])
Please give reasons for your choice: construction products([ID243])
Please give reasons for your choice: general measures([ID244])
Please give reasons for your choice: others([ID245])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Promote cooperation across value chains (e.g. through encouraging new managerial modes) ([ID96])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Address potential regulatory obstacles in EU legislation - please specify ([ID97])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Address potential regulatory gaps in EU legislation – please specify ([ID98])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Support the development of innovative business models (e.g. leasing) ([ID99])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Improve the interface between chemicals and waste legislation ([ID100])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Promote collaboration between and among private and public sectors, including end-users ([ID101])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Support the development of digital solutions ([ID102])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Identify and promote exchange of best practice ([ID103])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Identify minimum standards for increasing resource-efficient processes (e.g. Best Available Techniques) ([ID104])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Ensure availability of reliable data on material flows across value chains ([ID105])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Provide access to finance for high-risk projects ([ID106])
3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes? : Other — please specify below ([ID108])
Please specify which regulatory obstacles you are referring to([ID270])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID107])
Please specify which regulatory gaps you are referring to([ID74])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Establishing a legally binding framework at EU level (e.g. sustainability criteria) ([ID116])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Developing and promoting voluntary compliance schemes  ([ID117])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Addressing the issue through trade policy ([ID118])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Addressing the issue through the promotion of targeted global initiatives ([ID119])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Promoting the exchange of best practice among businesses ([ID120])
3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials? : Other — please specify below ([ID121])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID124])
3.7. Do you have any other comments about the production phase?([ID125])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Provide more information relevant to the circular economy to consumers, for example on expected lifetime of products or availability of spare parts ([ID134])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Ensure the clarity, credibility and relevance of consumer information related to the circular economy (e.g. via labels, advertising, marketing etc.) and protect consumers from false and misleading information in this respect ([ID135])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Organise EU-wide awareness campaigns to promote the circular economy ([ID136])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Improve/clarify rules and practices affecting consumer protection (e.g. relating to legal and commercial guarantees) ([ID139])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Take action on product and material design (see section 3) ([ID140])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Encourage financial incentives to consumers at national level (e.g. by differentiated taxation levels depending on products’ resource efficiency) ([ID141])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Take measures targeting public procurement (e.g. through criteria for Green Public Procurement) ([ID142])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Encourage new modes of consumption such as shared ownership (e.g. car sharing), collaborative consumption, leasing and the use of internet-based solutions ([ID143])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Promote the development of repair and maintenance services ([ID144])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Encourage waste prevention (e.g. minimising food waste) ([ID145])
4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level? : Other — please specify below ([ID146])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID158])
4.2. Which products should be a priority for EU action to promote more sustainable consumption patterns and why?([ID126])
If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID147])
Please give reasons for your choice: white goods([ID161])
Please give reasons for your choice: electronics([ID76])
Please give reasons for your choice: food and beverages([ID75])
Please give reasons for your choice: packaging materials([ID226])
Please give reasons for your choice: clothing and textile([ID225])
Please give reasons for your choice: furniture([ID224])
Please give reasons for your choice: cars([ID223])
Please give reasons for your choice: construction products([ID222])
Please give reasons for your choice: general measures([ID221])
Please give reasons for your choice: others([ID220])
4.3. Do you have any other comments about the consumption phase?([ID129])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Lack of EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials ([ID155])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Poor quality of recycled materials (e.g. containing unwanted substances/high contamination) ([ID156])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Lack of information or misinformation about the quality of recycled materials ([ID159])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Poor availability of waste/material to be recycled ([ID169])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Poor reliability of supply for recycled materials ([ID170])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Low demand for recycled materials (e.g. on the EU market) ([ID171])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Cost differential between primary and secondary raw materials ([ID172])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Organisational cost of switching from primary to secondary raw materials in industrial processes ([ID173])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory obstacles at national/regional/local level ([ID174])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory obstacles at EU level ([ID175])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory gaps at EU level ([ID176])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Regulatory gaps at national/regional/local level ([ID177])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Insufficient cooperation/exchange of information along the value chain (e.g. between producers, recyclers and authorities responsible for waste management) ([ID178])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Lack of reliable data on secondary raw material flows ([ID179])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : No opinion ([ID180])
5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU? : Other- please specify below ([ID181])
If you think that other obstacles not listed above are relevant, please specify:([ID182])
5.2. In your view, what are the most relevant actions to take at EU level to remove the obstacles you have identified as significant? Please be specific([ID272])
Lack of EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials([ID20])
Poor quality of recycled materials([ID40])
Lack of information or misinformation about the quality of recycled materials([ID64])
Poor availability of waste/material to be recycled([ID65])
Poor reliability of supply for recycled materials([ID66])
Low demand for recycled materials([ID67])
Cost differential between primary and secondary raw materials([ID68])
Organisational cost of switching from primary to secondary raw materials in industrial processes([ID69])
Regulatory obstacles at national/regional/local level([ID70])
Regulatory obstacles at EU level([ID71])
Regulatory gaps at EU level([ID72])
Regulatory gaps at national/regional/local level([ID73])
Insufficient cooperation/exchange of information along the value chain([ID111])
Lack of reliable data on secondary raw material flows([ID207])
5.3. Which secondary raw materials markets should the EU target first to improve the way they work?([ID160])
If you think that other approaches not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID157])
Please give reasons for your choice: Bio-nutrients for fertiliser use([ID91])
Please give reasons for your choice: Construction aggregates([ID162])
Please give reasons for your choice: Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals([ID183])
Please give reasons for your choice: Glass([ID247])
Please give reasons for your choice: Metals([ID249])
Please give reasons for your choice: Paper([ID250])
Please give reasons for your choice: Plastics([ID251])
Please give reasons for your choice: Wood/Biomass([ID252])
Please give reasons for your choice: Other([ID253])
5.4. Do you have any other comments about the development of markets for secondary raw materials?([ID148])
6.1. In your view, which sectors should be a priority for specific EU action on the circular economy and why?([ID187])
If you think that other sectors not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID192])
Agriculture([ID188])
Bio-nutrients for use in fertilisers([ID189])
Chemical industry and process manufacturing([ID190])
Construction/demolition and buildings([ID254])
Electrical and electronic goods([ID255])
Energy([ID256])
Fisheries/ aquaculture([ID257])
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste([ID258])
Forest-based and other bio-based products([ID259])
Furniture([ID260])
Information and communication technologies([ID261])
Mining and quarrying([ID262])
Plastics([ID263])
Retailing([ID264])
Services([ID265])
Textiles([ID266])
Transport([ID267])
Water sector/sewage treatment([ID268])
Others([ID269])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Financing innovative projects or technologies relevant to the circular economy (from EU funds, e.g. Horizon 2020) ([ID197])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Public incentives (e.g. financial guarantees) for private investors to finance projects conducive to the circular economy ([ID198])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for the development of circular economy projects (e.g. technical assistance) ([ID199])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for innovative systemic approaches and cross-sectoral cooperation (e.g. industrial symbiosis and cascading use of resources) ([ID204])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Partnerships with public authorities to help innovative businesses overcome potential legal obstacles to innovation ([ID205])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Promotion of innovative business models for the circular economy (e.g. leasing and sharing) ([ID206])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Specific measures to encourage the uptake of the circular economy among SMEs ([ID208])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Exchange and promotion of best practice ([ID209])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Promoting the development of skills/qualifications relevant to the circular economy ([ID210])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for capacity-building in public administrations ([ID211])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Support for market penetration of innovative projects through labelling, certification and standards, public procurement for innovation, etc. ([ID212])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Better monitoring the implementation and impact of policies contributing towards the circular economy agenda ([ID213])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Increasing the knowledge base by collecting and providing information and data e.g. on material flows, technologies and consumption patterns ([ID214])
7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level? : Other- please specify below ([ID215])
If you think that other measures not listed above should be considered, please specify:([ID216])
7.2. Do you have any other comments about enabling factors to promote the circular economy?([ID217])
If your erganization prepared a dedicated position paper or wants to share any other related materials with the Commission, please use the upload function:([ID15])
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White goods (e.g. dishwashers, refrigerators)
Electronics
Food and beverages
Packaging materials
Clothing and textiles
Furniture
Cars
Construction products
General measures (concerning all consumer products) should be taken
Other — please specify below
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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

Critical raw materials

Glass

Metals

Paper

Plastic

Wood/Biomass

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Glass

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Glass

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

Critical raw materials

Glass

Metals

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Glass

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Glass

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Bio-nutrients

Construction aggregates

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Construction aggregates

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Bio-nutrients (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter from e.g. sewage sludge and farm organic matter residues) for fertiliser use
Construction aggregates (i.e. coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag)
Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals
Glass
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Paper
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Wood/Biomass
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Agriculture
Bio-nutrients (e.g. from sewage sludge or farm organic matter residues) for use in fertilisers
Chemical industry and process manufacturing
Construction/demolition and buildings
Electrical and electronic goods
Energy
Fisheries/ aquaculture
Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste
Forest-based and other bio-based products
Furniture
Information and communication technologies
Mining and quarrying
Plastics
Retailing
Services
Textiles
Transport
Water sector/sewage treatment
Other- please specify below
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2.1. In what capacity are you completing this questionnaire?
Please specify:
Please specify your business sector
Please specify your business sector:
Is your company an SME?
Does your company/organization make use of any of the following?
Please specify:
Please indicate the sectors your organisation represents
Please specify other sectors your organization represents:
Where are your member companies located?
Please specify EU Member States/EEA countries of your member companies:
Please specify the non-EU Member States/EEA countries of your member companies:
Please indicate your main area of focus (environment, consumers, etc.)
Please specify your other area of focus:
2.2. Please give your country of residence/establishment
Please specify the EU MS/EEA country of your establishment:
Please specify the non-EU MS/ EEA country of your establishment:
2.3. Please indicate your preference for the publication of your response on the Commission’s website:
2.4. How well informed are you about the circular economy initiative?
2.5. Please give your name if replying as an individual/private person, otherwise give the name of your organisation
If your organisation is registered in the Transparency Register, please give your Register ID number.
3.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in product design at EU level?
Establish binding rules on product design (e.g. minimum requirements on ‘durability’ under Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC)
Encourage industry-led initiatives (i.e. self-regulation)

Develop standards for voluntary use

Promote and/or enable the use of economic incentives for eco-innovation and sustainable product design (e.g. via rules on Extended Producer Responsibility schemes)
Review rules on legal and commercial guarantees
Encourage the consumption of green products (see section 4)
Other — please specify below

If you think that additional options not listed above should be considered, please specify:

3.2. In order to facilitate the transition to a more circular economy, how would you assess the importance of the following product features?

Durability

Reparability: Availability of information on product repair (e.g. repair manuals)

Reparability: Product design facilitating maintenance and repair activities

Reparability: Availability of spare parts

Upgradability and modularity

Reusability

Biodegradability and compostability

Resource use in the use phase (e.g. water efficiency)

Recyclability (e.g. dismantling, separation of components, information on chemical content)

Increased content of reused parts or recycled materials

Increased content of renewable materials

Minimising lifecycle environmental impacts

Other- please specify below

If you think that additional options not listed above should be considered, please specify:

3.3. How would you assess the importance of the following additional considerations when applying circular economy principles to products at EU level?

Impact on production cost and affordability of the product

Impact on production processes and value chain

Impact on consumers (e.g. through durability and reparability)

Functionality of the product

Enabling innovation

Respecting technology neutrality

Impact on EU imports and exports

Other — please specify below

If you think that other considerations not listed above should be taken into account, please specify:

3.4. From a circular economy perspective, in your view which product categories should be given priority in the next few years and why?

If you think that other product categories not listed above should be taken into account, please specify:

Please give reasons for your choice:white goods
Please give reasons for your choice: small domestic appliances
Please give reasons for your choice: office equipment
Please give reasons for your choice: small electronics
Please give reasons for your choice: packaging materials
Please give reasons for your choice: heating equipment
Please give reasons for your choice: air-conditioning and ventilation systems
Please give reasons for your choice: lighting products
Please give reasons for your choice: motors and pumps
Please give reasons for your choice: industrial equipment
Please give reasons for your choice: clothing and textiles
Please give reasons for your choice: furniture
Please give reasons for your choice: cars
Please give reasons for your choice: construction products
Please give reasons for your choice: general measures
Please give reasons for your choice: others

3.5. Which of the actions listed below should be given priority at EU level to promote circular economy solutions in production processes?

Promote cooperation across value chains (e.g. through encouraging new managerial modes)

Address potential regulatory obstacles in EU legislation - please specify

Address potential regulatory gaps in EU legislation – please specify

Support the development of innovative business models (e.g. leasing)

Improve the interface between chemicals and waste legislation

Promote collaboration between and among private and public sectors, including end-users

Support the development of digital solutions

Identify and promote exchange of best practice

Identify minimum standards for increasing resource-efficient processes (e.g. Best Available Techniques)

Ensure availability of reliable data on material flows across value chains

Provide access to finance for high-risk projects

Other — please specify below

Please specify which regulatory obstacles you are referring to

If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:

Please specify which regulatory gaps you are referring to

3.6. How effective do you think each of the actions at EU level listed below would be in promoting sustainable production and sourcing of raw materials?

Establishing a legally binding framework at EU level (e.g. sustainability criteria)

Developing and promoting voluntary compliance schemes 

Addressing the issue through trade policy

Addressing the issue through the promotion of targeted global initiatives

Promoting the exchange of best practice among businesses

Other — please specify below

If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:

3.7. Do you have any other comments about the production phase?

4.1. How would you assess the importance of the following measures to promote circular economy principles in the consumption phase at EU level?

Provide more information relevant to the circular economy to consumers, for example on expected lifetime of products or availability of spare parts

Ensure the clarity, credibility and relevance of consumer information related to the circular economy (e.g. via labels, advertising, marketing etc.) and protect consumers from false and misleading information in this respect

Organise EU-wide awareness campaigns to promote the circular economy

Improve/clarify rules and practices affecting consumer protection (e.g. relating to legal and commercial guarantees)

Take action on product and material design (see section 3)

Encourage financial incentives to consumers at national level (e.g. by differentiated taxation levels depending on products’ resource efficiency)

Take measures targeting public procurement (e.g. through criteria for Green Public Procurement)

Encourage new modes of consumption such as shared ownership (e.g. car sharing), collaborative consumption, leasing and the use of internet-based solutions

Promote the development of repair and maintenance services

Encourage waste prevention (e.g. minimising food waste)

Other — please specify below

If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:

4.2. Which products should be a priority for EU action to promote more sustainable consumption patterns and why?

If you think that further options not listed above should be considered, please specify:

Please give reasons for your choice: white goods

Please give reasons for your choice: electronics

Please give reasons for your choice: food and beverages

Please give reasons for your choice: packaging materials

Please give reasons for your choice: clothing and textile

Please give reasons for your choice: furniture

Please give reasons for your choice: cars

Please give reasons for your choice: construction products

Please give reasons for your choice: general measures

Please give reasons for your choice: others

4.3. Do you have any other comments about the consumption phase?

5.1. In your view, what are the main obstacles to the development of markets for secondary raw materials in the EU?

Lack of EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials

Poor quality of recycled materials (e.g. containing unwanted substances/high contamination)

Lack of information or misinformation about the quality of recycled materials

Poor availability of waste/material to be recycled

Poor reliability of supply for recycled materials

Low demand for recycled materials (e.g. on the EU market)

Cost differential between primary and secondary raw materials

Organisational cost of switching from primary to secondary raw materials in industrial processes

Regulatory obstacles at national/regional/local level

Regulatory obstacles at EU level

Regulatory gaps at EU level

Regulatory gaps at national/regional/local level

Insufficient cooperation/exchange of information along the value chain (e.g. between producers, recyclers and authorities responsible for waste management)

Lack of reliable data on secondary raw material flows

No opinion

Other- please specify below

If you think that other obstacles not listed above are relevant, please specify:

5.2. In your view, what are the most relevant actions to take at EU level to remove the obstacles you have identified as significant? Please be specific

Lack of EU-wide quality standards for recycled materials
Poor quality of recycled materials
Lack of information or misinformation about the quality of recycled materials
Poor availability of waste/material to be recycled

Poor reliability of supply for recycled materials

Low demand for recycled materials

Cost differential between primary and secondary raw materials

Organisational cost of switching from primary to secondary raw materials in industrial processes

Regulatory obstacles at national/regional/local level

Regulatory obstacles at EU level

Regulatory gaps at EU level

Regulatory gaps at national/regional/local level

Insufficient cooperation/exchange of information along the value chain

Lack of reliable data on secondary raw material flows

5.3. Which secondary raw materials markets should the EU target first to improve the way they work?

If you think that other approaches not listed above should be considered, please specify:

Please give reasons for your choice: Bio-nutrients for fertiliser use
Please give reasons for your choice: Construction aggregates
Please give reasons for your choice: Critical raw materials such as rare earth elements or certain precious metals
Please give reasons for your choice: Glass
Please give reasons for your choice: Metals
Please give reasons for your choice: Paper
Please give reasons for your choice: Plastics
Please give reasons for your choice: Wood/Biomass
Please give reasons for your choice: Other

5.4. Do you have any other comments about the development of markets for secondary raw materials?

6.1. In your view, which sectors should be a priority for specific EU action on the circular economy and why?

If you think that other sectors not listed above should be considered, please specify:

Agriculture

Bio-nutrients for use in fertilisers

Chemical industry and process manufacturing

Construction/demolition and buildings

Electrical and electronic goods

Energy

Fisheries/ aquaculture

Food and drinks, including reduction of food waste

Forest-based and other bio-based products

Furniture

Information and communication technologies

Mining and quarrying

Plastics

Retailing

Services

Textiles

Transport

Water sector/sewage treatment

Others

7.1. How important are the following enabling factors in promoting the circular economy at EU level?

Financing innovative projects or technologies relevant to the circular economy (from EU funds, e.g. Horizon 2020)

Public incentives (e.g. financial guarantees) for private investors to finance projects conducive to the circular economy

Support for the development of circular economy projects (e.g. technical assistance)

Support for innovative systemic approaches and cross-sectoral cooperation (e.g. industrial symbiosis and cascading use of resources)

Partnerships with public authorities to help innovative businesses overcome potential legal obstacles to innovation

Promotion of innovative business models for the circular economy (e.g. leasing and sharing)

Specific measures to encourage the uptake of the circular economy among SMEs

Exchange and promotion of best practice

Promoting the development of skills/qualifications relevant to the circular economy

Support for capacity-building in public administrations

Support for market penetration of innovative projects through labelling, certification and standards, public procurement for innovation, etc.

Better monitoring the implementation and impact of policies contributing towards the circular economy agenda

Increasing the knowledge base by collecting and providing information and data e.g. on material flows, technologies and consumption patterns

Other- please specify below

If you think that other measures not listed above should be considered, please specify:

7.2. Do you have any other comments about enabling factors to promote the circular economy?

If your erganization prepared a dedicated position paper or wants to share any other related materials with the Commission, please use the upload function:
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