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Published Results: AUZ_NZ

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Please, indicate your preference:([ID4])
What is the name of your organisation or your name if you are expressing your personal view?([ID9])
Are you registered in the EU's transparency register?([ID13])
Are you registered in the EU's transparency register? Your register ID will not be published([ID539])
What is your registration number:([ID550])
Are you replying to this questionnaire to express your personal views as a citizen or private individual of the European Union or of another country?([ID15])
If “no”, what type of organisation or body is it?([ID33])
What type of enterprise?([ID16])
What type of business association?([ID17])
What type of consumer organisation / association?([ID18])
If “other”, please specify activity([ID19])
For business associations: What are the main areas/sectors of activity/interests of the members which you represent? (More than one area/sector can be chosen.)([ID20])
If “other”, please specify([ID21])
For business associations: What are the main areas/sectors of activity/interests of the members which you represent? (More than one area/sector can be chosen.)([ID22])
If “other”, please specify([ID23])
What is your place of residence (individuals), or where are the headquarters of your organisation situated?([ID24])
If “other”, please specify([ID29])
Are you involved in trade between the EU and Australia?([ID30])
Do you have investments in the EU (for Australian respondents) or Australia (for EU respondents)?([ID39])
Are you involved in trade between the EU and New Zealand?([ID40])
Do you have investments in the EU (for New Zealand respondents) or New Zealand (for EU respondents)?([ID45])
Please indicate the top export destinations of your company: (Tick more than one, if appropriate.)([ID25])
If “other”, please specify([ID37])
Question 1. Do you consider that the current state of bilateral economic relations is satisfactory? : EU-Australia ([ID34])
Question 1. Do you consider that the current state of bilateral economic relations is satisfactory? : EU-New Zealand ([ID35])
Question 2. What should be the priorities of the future EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and economic relationship?  Please indicate if your response is applicable to:([ID41])
One response covering both countries([ID59])
Response covering only Australia([ID60])
Response covering only New Zealand([ID61])
Question 3. How should the European Union pursue these priorities? Please indicate if your response is applicable to:([ID32])
One response covering both countries([ID36])
Response covering only Australia([ID38])
Response covering only New Zealand([ID42])
Question 4. Are you aware of the existing sectoral agreements between the EU and Australia or New Zealand? : EU-Australia Mutual Recognition Agreement ([ID51])
Question 4. Are you aware of the existing sectoral agreements between the EU and Australia or New Zealand? : EU-Australia Wine Agreement ([ID52])
Question 4. Are you aware of the existing sectoral agreements between the EU and Australia or New Zealand? : EU-New Zealand Mutual Recognition Agreement ([ID53])
Question 4. Are you aware of the existing sectoral agreements between the EU and Australia or New Zealand? : EU-New Zealand Veterinary Agreement ([ID54])
Question 5. Has the EU-Australia Wine Agreement brought satisfying results for you or your business in the past?([ID55])
Question 6. If the results of the EU-Australia Wine Agreement for you or your business have been positive in the past, please explain why.([ID63])
Question 7. If you think that further improvements to the EU-Australia Wine Agreement could be made, please explain what sort of improvements should be considered:([ID64])
Question 8. Has the EU-Australia Mutual Recognition Agreement brought satisfying results for you or your business in the past?([ID66])
Question 9. If the results of the EU-Australia Mutual Recognition Agreement for you or your business have been positive in the past, please explain why.([ID71])
Question 10. If you think that further improvements could be made to the EU-Australia Mutual Recognition Agreement, please explain what sort of improvements should be considered:([ID72])
Question 11. Has the EU-New Zealand Veterinary Agreement brought satisfying results for you or your business in the past?([ID73])
Question 12. If the results of the EU-New Zealand Veterinary Agreement for you or your business have been positive in the past, please explain why.([ID43])
Question 13. If you think that further improvements could be made to the EU-New Zealand Veterinary Agreement, please explain what sort of improvements should be considered:([ID44])
Question 14. Has the EU-New Zealand Mutual Recognition Agreement brought satisfying results for you or your business in the past?([ID46])
Question 15. If the results of the EU-New Zealand Mutual Recognition Agreement for you or your business have been positive in the past, please explain why. ([ID62])
Question 16. If you think that further improvements could be made to the EU-New Zealand Mutual Recognition Agreement, please explain what sort of improvements should be considered:([ID65])
Question 17. Can you identify priority sectors in the EU-Australia economic cooperation to focus on?([ID67])
Question 18. If you can identify priority sectors, please explain, including specific areas or issues to be addressed.([ID74])
Question 19. Can you identify priority sectors in the EU-New Zealand economic cooperation to focus on?([ID75])
Question 20. If you can identify priority sectors, please explain, including specific areas or issues to be addressed.([ID79])
Question 21. Do you consider that import tariffs (or similar measures) hinder trade between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : Imports into Australia ([ID70])
Question 21. Do you consider that import tariffs (or similar measures) hinder trade between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : Imports into New Zealand ([ID76])
Question 21. Do you consider that import tariffs (or similar measures) hinder trade between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : Imports into the EU ([ID77])
Question 22. If your answer is “yes”, in which sectors/goods do you experience problems? ([ID78])
Question 23. If your answer is "no", is that because : The applied import duties are 0 or very low; ([ID85])
Question 23. If your answer is "no", is that because : The import duty is not relevant as goods traded are specialised/no competition from other trading partners; ([ID86])
Question 23. If your answer is "no", is that because : Other* ([ID87])
If “other”, please specify([ID88])
Question 24. Do you consider that there are problems with current practices in customs procedures and border enforcement in the context of the existing legislation and practices? : In Australia ([ID94])
Question 24. Do you consider that there are problems with current practices in customs procedures and border enforcement in the context of the existing legislation and practices? : In New Zealand ([ID95])
Question 24. Do you consider that there are problems with current practices in customs procedures and border enforcement in the context of the existing legislation and practices? : In the EU ([ID96])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Transparency/publication of, and access to, trade regulations; ([ID101])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Documentary requirements / disproportionate administrative burden ([ID102])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Data requirements; ([ID103])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Fees and charges imposed in connection with import or export; ([ID104])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Pre-shipment inspections; ([ID105])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Other inspections and controls during clearance; ([ID106])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Obligation to go through a customs broker; ([ID107])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Other customs procedures; ([ID108])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Mutual recognition of authorised economic operators; ([ID109])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Discriminatory treatment; ([ID110])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Lack of uniformity in application of procedures; ([ID111])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Customs valuation; ([ID112])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Co-ordination between the different border agencies; ([ID113])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Use or non-use of information technology; ([ID114])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Use or non-use of information technology; ([ID115])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Procedures for legal recourse/appeal. ([ID116])
If your answer is “yes”, in which areas do you experience problems? : Other * ([ID117])
If “other”, please specify([ID122])
Question 25. If you are concerned by customs procedures and border enforcement, what are the estimated additional costs for your business (e.g. as a percentage of the value of exports/imports) resulting from customs procedures and border enforcement? Please indicate where the problem arises.([ID80])
Question 26. Do differences between EU and Australian/New Zealand regulations or standards hinder trade activities? : In Australia ([ID124])
Question 26. Do differences between EU and Australian/New Zealand regulations or standards hinder trade activities? : In New Zealand ([ID125])
Question 26. Do differences between EU and Australian/New Zealand regulations or standards hinder trade activities? : In the EU ([ID126])
Question 27. If your answer is ‘yes’, please specify whether the hindrance arises from: : Divergent standards ([ID131])
Question 27. If your answer is ‘yes’, please specify whether the hindrance arises from: : Technical regulations ([ID132])
Question 27. If your answer is ‘yes’, please specify whether the hindrance arises from: : Conformity assessment procedures (including technical specifications, testing and certifications) ([ID133])
Question 27. If your answer is ‘yes’, please specify whether the hindrance arises from: : Sanitary or Phytosanitary (SPS) related barriers ([ID134])
Question 27. If your answer is ‘yes’, please specify whether the hindrance arises from: : Other ([ID135])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : No opinion ([ID143])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Increase transparency ([ID144])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Promote good regulatory practice ([ID145])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Seek compatibility and convergence of technical regulations through the application of international standards ([ID157])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Streamline testing and certification requirements through the adoption of risk based conformity assessment procedures ([ID158])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Promotion of self-certification where possible and appropriate ([ID159])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Acceptance of test results ([ID160])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Promote the use of accreditation ([ID161])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Improve the dissemination of information between exporters and importers ([ID162])
Question 28a. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Other TBT* ([ID163])
If “other”, please specify([ID171])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : No opinion ([ID147])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Increase transparency ([ID148])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Ensure that SPS measures applicable to trade are based on the WTO SPS Agreement, such as risk analysis, equivalence, regionalisation, control, inspection, and approval procedures ([ID149])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Ensure that SPS measures applicable to trade are based on international standards, i.e. harmonized with those of the international standard setting bodies – OIE[13], IPPC and Codex Alimentarius   [13] OIE – World Organization for Animal Health;  IPPC – International Plant Protection Convention (plant health); Codex Alimentarius (food safety)) ([ID164])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Establish appropriate mechanisms to facilitate trade, such as: audits of the certification and inspection systems of competent authorities (including allocation of costs); import checks (including inspection fees); alternative and/or emergency measures; ([ID165])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Recognition of the EU as a single entity; the possibility for approval of establishments without prior audit or inspection ([ID166])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Incorporate animal welfare aspects ([ID167])
Question 28b. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Other SPS* ([ID168])
If “other”, please specify([ID170])
Question 28c. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : No opinion ([ID154])
Question 28c. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Address measures designed to protect, favour or stimulate domestic operators at the expense of imported goods, services, or foreign-owned or foreign-developed intellectual property ([ID155])
Question 28c. What non-tariff measures issues should be addressed in order to facilitate trade?  : Other* ([ID156])
If “other”, please specify([ID169])
Question 29. Indicate how and how much these regulations impact your business/activity. If possible, estimate, or quantify, the costs of barriers (e.g. as a percentage of the value of exports/imports). (Please indicate in which partner country these problems arise.)([ID172])
Question 30. Do you consider that there are barriers to trade in services between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In Australia ([ID178])
Question 30. Do you consider that there are barriers to trade in services between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In New Zealand ([ID179])
Question 30. Do you consider that there are barriers to trade in services between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In the EU ([ID180])
Question 31. If there are barriers to trade in services, what are their effects/impacts? : They discriminate in favour of domestic service providers; ([ID185])
Question 31. If there are barriers to trade in services, what are their effects/impacts? : They discriminate against cross-border service provision; ([ID186])
Question 31. If there are barriers to trade in services, what are their effects/impacts? : They affect your ability to establish physical outlets and to supply services through these outlets; ([ID187])
Question 31. If there are barriers to trade in services, what are their effects/impacts? : They affect the price of the services you provide; ([ID188])
Question 31. If there are barriers to trade in services, what are their effects/impacts? : Other* ([ID189])
If “other”, please specify([ID190])
Question 32. If you are affected by barriers to trade in services in Australia, what is your estimate of the additional costs which they impose (e.g. as a percentage of the value of exports/imports)?)([ID191])
Question 33. If you are affected by barriers to trade in services in New Zealand, what is your estimate of the additional costs which they impose, (e.g. as a percentage of the value of exports/imports)?)([ID192])
Question 34. Do you consider that there are barriers to direct investment flows between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? Please specify the location of these barriers (if any): : In Australia ([ID198])
Question 34. Do you consider that there are barriers to direct investment flows between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? Please specify the location of these barriers (if any): : In New Zealand ([ID199])
Question 34. Do you consider that there are barriers to direct investment flows between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? Please specify the location of these barriers (if any): : In the EU ([ID200])
If you are affected by barriers to investment, such as equity caps, screening, licensing procedures, etc., please indicate where the barrier occurs, and describe the barrier, its impact and, if relevant ,your estimate of the additional costs it imposes.([ID208])
Question 35. Do you consider that there are problems as regards investment protection and/or discriminatory treatment of investors/investment in the EU or Australia/New Zealand, or that investors from other jurisdictions receive preferential treatment? Please specify the location where these problems arise (if any): : In Australia ([ID205])
Question 35. Do you consider that there are problems as regards investment protection and/or discriminatory treatment of investors/investment in the EU or Australia/New Zealand, or that investors from other jurisdictions receive preferential treatment? Please specify the location where these problems arise (if any): : In New Zealand ([ID206])
Question 35. Do you consider that there are problems as regards investment protection and/or discriminatory treatment of investors/investment in the EU or Australia/New Zealand, or that investors from other jurisdictions receive preferential treatment? Please specify the location where these problems arise (if any): : In the EU ([ID207])
If your answer is ‘yes’, have you been able to successfully deal with these problems following contact with the authorities (for example, through legal/administrative proceedings presented to the competent legal jurisdiction)? : In Australia ([ID214])
If your answer is ‘yes’, have you been able to successfully deal with these problems following contact with the authorities (for example, through legal/administrative proceedings presented to the competent legal jurisdiction)? : In New Zealand ([ID215])
If your answer is ‘yes’, have you been able to successfully deal with these problems following contact with the authorities (for example, through legal/administrative proceedings presented to the competent legal jurisdiction)? : In the EU ([ID216])
Question 36. Do you consider that there are problems of protection and enforcement of IPR in either the EU or Australia or New Zealand? Please specify where these problems arise (if any):  : In Australia ([ID221])
Question 36. Do you consider that there are problems of protection and enforcement of IPR in either the EU or Australia or New Zealand? Please specify where these problems arise (if any):  : In New Zealand ([ID222])
Question 36. Do you consider that there are problems of protection and enforcement of IPR in either the EU or Australia or New Zealand? Please specify where these problems arise (if any):  : In the EU ([ID223])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Copyright and related rights ([ID229])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Trademarks ([ID230])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Geographical indications ([ID231])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Designs ([ID232])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Patents ([ID233])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Digital environment ([ID234])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Regulatory data protection ([ID235])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Plant variety ([ID236])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Border measures ([ID237])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Enforcement ([ID238])
If your answer is ‘yes’, which specific areas or issues should be addressed in an agreement? : Other * ([ID239])
*If “other”, please specify([ID240])
If you are affected by IPR barriers please indicate where these barriers occur, and describe the barriers, their impact and if available, your estimate of the additional costs they impose.([ID224])
Question 37. Do you consider that there are difficulties for EU companies to access public procurement in Australia/New Zealand, or for companies from Australia /New Zealand to access public procurement in the EU? Please specify the location where these barriers occur (if any): : In Australia ([ID246])
Question 37. Do you consider that there are difficulties for EU companies to access public procurement in Australia/New Zealand, or for companies from Australia /New Zealand to access public procurement in the EU? Please specify the location where these barriers occur (if any): : In New Zealand ([ID247])
Question 37. Do you consider that there are difficulties for EU companies to access public procurement in Australia/New Zealand, or for companies from Australia /New Zealand to access public procurement in the EU? Please specify the location where these barriers occur (if any): : In the EU ([ID248])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Lack of transparency on procurement opportunities (for example, information on public procurement contracts is not easily accessible) ([ID253])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Lack of clarity of the applicable rules, and/or of the applicable procedures ([ID254])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Lack of clarity of the technical specifications (technical specification overly vague) ([ID255])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Discrimination in technical specifications ([ID256])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Local content requirements (requirement to include local goods/services or to subcontract locally) ([ID257])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Preferential regime for domestic/local suppliers ([ID258])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Sub-central (state/territory/local) level access to public procurement ([ID259])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Lack of access to state owned enterprises/public undertakings ([ID260])
Please specify the types of difficulties encountered: : Other discriminatory practices* ([ID261])
If other, please specify:([ID262])
If you are affected by public procurement barriers please indicate where these barriers occur, and describe the barriers, their impact and your estimate of the additional costs they impose.([ID263])
Question 38. Do you consider that the regulatory framework ensures fair competition in the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In Australia ([ID269])
Question 38. Do you consider that the regulatory framework ensures fair competition in the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In New Zealand ([ID270])
Question 38. Do you consider that the regulatory framework ensures fair competition in the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In the EU ([ID271])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : Cartels ([ID276])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : Abuse of a dominant position ([ID277])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : Vertical or horizontal restrictions of competition ([ID278])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : State aid ([ID279])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : State-owned enterprises ([ID280])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : Enterprises granted special or exclusive rights or privileges ([ID281])
If your answer is “no”, please indicate which of the following situations you have encountered: : Other * ([ID282])
If “other”, please specify([ID540])
If you are affected by barriers relating to competition policy, please indicate where these barriers occur and describe the barriers, their impact and your estimate of the additional costs they impose.([ID283])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : None ([ID289])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Tariff barriers ([ID290])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Rules of origin ([ID291])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Customs procedures ([ID292])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Technical barriers to trade ([ID293])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Services ([ID294])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Investment ([ID295])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Intellectual property ([ID296])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Government procurement ([ID297])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Dispute settlement ([ID298])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Competition policy ([ID299])
Question 39. Please identify which sectors, if any, poses particular challenges to SMEs : Other * ([ID300])
If “other”, please specify([ID301])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : None ([ID306])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : More output/employment due to higher exports; ([ID307])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Cheaper production costs through cheaper imports; ([ID308])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Converging of standards will facilitate trade with other countries; ([ID309])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Technology transfer; ([ID310])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Possibility to move from lower to higher value added products/services; ([ID311])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Lower costs for import requirements (eg, formalities, tests, inspections) ([ID312])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Increased business cooperation between SMEs ([ID313])
Question 40. What benefits should potential EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment agreements bring to SMEs? : Other benefits * ([ID314])
If “other benefits”, please specify what they are:([ID315])
Question 41. In your opinion, could there be an impact on consumers from the reduction of barriers to trade and investment between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In the EU ([ID321])
Question 41. In your opinion, could there be an impact on consumers from the reduction of barriers to trade and investment between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In Australia ([ID322])
Question 41. In your opinion, could there be an impact on consumers from the reduction of barriers to trade and investment between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In New Zealand ([ID323])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Prices of goods or services for end-users ([ID328])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Choice of goods or services available to consumers ([ID329])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Quality of goods or services available to consumers ([ID330])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Safety of goods or services available to consumers ([ID332])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Information available to consumers ([ID333])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Protection and enforcement of consumer rights ([ID334])
Question 42. What would be the impacts for consumers – positive or negative – of liberalisation of EU-Australia and EU-New Zealand trade and investment? Please specify this for the EU and for Australia/New Zealand separately: : Other* ([ID335])
If "other" please specify([ID336])
For Australia : Prices of goods or services for end-users ([ID341])
For Australia : Choice of goods or services available to consumers ([ID342])
For Australia : Quality of goods or services available to consumers ([ID343])
For Australia : Safety of goods or services available to consumers ([ID345])
For Australia : Information available to consumers ([ID346])
For Australia : Protection and enforcement of consumer rights ([ID347])
For Australia : Other* ([ID348])
If “other”, please specify([ID349])
For New Zealand : Prices of goods or services for end-users ([ID354])
For New Zealand : Choice of goods or services available to consumers ([ID355])
For New Zealand : Quality of goods or services available to consumers ([ID356])
For New Zealand : Safety of goods or services available to consumers ([ID358])
For New Zealand : Information available to consumers ([ID359])
For New Zealand : Protection and enforcement of consumer rights ([ID360])
For New Zealand : Other* ([ID361])
If “other”, please specify([ID362])
Question 43. In your opinion, could there be a social impact from the reduction of barriers to trade and investment between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In the EU ([ID369])
Question 43. In your opinion, could there be a social impact from the reduction of barriers to trade and investment between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In Australia ([ID370])
Question 43. In your opinion, could there be a social impact from the reduction of barriers to trade and investment between the EU and Australia/New Zealand? : In New Zealand ([ID371])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Employment (number of jobs) ([ID376])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Employment (quality of jobs) ([ID377])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Wages ([ID378])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Household income ([ID380])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Core labour standards: ([ID381])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining ([ID382])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour ([ID383])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The effective abolition of child labour ([ID384])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation ([ID385])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Social protection ([ID386])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Social dialogue ([ID387])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Poverty reduction ([ID388])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Gender-related issues ([ID389])
Question 44a. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Other* ([ID390])
If “other”, please specify([ID391])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID392])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work ([ID397])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to social security, including social insurance ([ID398])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to an adequate standard of living ([ID399])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Availability of essential[14] goods or services   [14] “Essential goods or services” includes as a minimum: water; essential foodstuffs; clothing; essential primary healthcare; basic shelter and housing; and the most basic forms of education. ([ID401])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Affordability of essential goods or services ([ID402])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health ([ID403])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Rights of indigenous peoples ([ID404])
Question 44b. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Other* ([ID405])
If “other”, please specify([ID412])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID413])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Employment (number of jobs) ([ID418])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Employment (quality of jobs) ([ID419])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Wages ([ID420])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Household income ([ID422])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Transition from informal to formal employment ([ID423])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Core labour standards: ([ID424])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining ([ID425])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour ([ID426])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The effective abolition of child labour ([ID427])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation ([ID428])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Social protection ([ID429])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Social dialogue ([ID430])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Poverty reduction ([ID431])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Gender-related issues ([ID432])
Question 44c. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Other* ([ID433])
*If “other”, please specify([ID434])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID435])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work ([ID440])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to social security, including social insurance ([ID441])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to an adequate standard of living ([ID442])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Availability of essential goods or services[15]   [15] “Essential goods or services” includes as a minimum: water; essential foodstuffs; clothing; essential primary healthcare; basic shelter and housing; and the most basic forms of education. ([ID444])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Affordability of essential goods or services ([ID445])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health ([ID446])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Rights of indigenous peoples ([ID447])
Question 44d. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Other* ([ID448])
*If “other”, please specify([ID450])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID451])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Employment (number of jobs) ([ID456])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Employment (quality of jobs) ([ID457])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Wages ([ID458])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Household income ([ID460])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Transition from informal to formal employment ([ID461])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Core labour standards: ([ID462])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining ([ID463])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour ([ID464])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The effective abolition of child labour ([ID465])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : - The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation ([ID466])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Social protection ([ID467])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Social dialogue ([ID468])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Poverty reduction ([ID469])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Gender-related issues ([ID470])
Question 44e. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Other * ([ID471])
*If “other”, please specify([ID472])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID473])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work ([ID478])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to social security, including social insurance ([ID479])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to an adequate standard of living ([ID480])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Availability of essential goods or services[16]   [16] “Essential goods or services” includes as a minimum: water; essential foodstuffs; clothing; essential primary healthcare; basic shelter and housing; and the most basic forms of education. ([ID482])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Affordability of essential goods or services ([ID483])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health ([ID484])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Rights of indigenous peoples ([ID485])
Question 44f. Do you think that the following areas related to social issues (including human rights and gender effects) in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand could be affected – positively or negatively – by further EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade liberalisation? : Other* ([ID486])
If “other”, please specify([ID487])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID488])
Please add further comments, if any, on overall social impacts:([ID489])
Please add further comments, if any, on the overall impact on human rights:([ID490])
Question 45. In your opinion could there be an environmental impact from the reduction of barriers to EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : In the EU ([ID495])
Question 45. In your opinion could there be an environmental impact from the reduction of barriers to EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : In Australia ([ID496])
Question 45. In your opinion could there be an environmental impact from the reduction of barriers to EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : In New Zealand ([ID497])
Question 46a. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Environmental quality ([ID502])
Question 46a. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Natural resources (including biodiversity, wildlife, forestry and fisheries) ([ID503])
Question 46a. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Climate change including greenhouse gas emissions ([ID504])
Question 46a. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Pollutants (air, water, waste management, chemicals etc.) ([ID506])
Question 46a. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Greening of the economy ([ID507])
Question 46a. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Other* ([ID508])
If “other”, please specify([ID509])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID510])
Question 46b. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Environmental quality ([ID515])
Question 46b. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Natural resources (including biodiversity, wildlife, forestry and fisheries) ([ID516])
Question 46b. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Climate change including greenhouse gas emissions ([ID517])
Question 46b. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Pollutants (air, water, waste management, chemicals etc.) ([ID519])
Question 46b. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Greening of the economy ([ID520])
Question 46b. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Other* ([ID521])
If “other”, please specify([ID522])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID523])
Question 46c. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Environmental quality ([ID528])
Question 46c. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Natural resources (including biodiversity, wildlife, forestry and fisheries) ([ID529])
Question 46c. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Climate change including greenhouse gas emissions ([ID530])
Question 46c. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Pollutants (air, water, waste management, chemicals etc.) ([ID449])
Question 46c. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Greening of the economy ([ID532])
Question 46c. Do you think that the following areas related to the environment (in the EU and/or in Australia/New Zealand) could be affected – positively or negatively – by further liberalisation of EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand trade and investment? : Other * ([ID533])
If “other”, please specify([ID534])
If negatively impacted, how could these impacts be mitigated:([ID535])
Please add further comments, if any, on overall environmental impacts:([ID536])
Question 47. Do you consider that the EU and Australia/New Zealand should co-operate further in order to promote adherence to internationally agreed principles, rights, and agreements on labour, and the environment (including sustainable fisheries)? : The EU and Australia ([ID541])
Question 47. Do you consider that the EU and Australia/New Zealand should co-operate further in order to promote adherence to internationally agreed principles, rights, and agreements on labour, and the environment (including sustainable fisheries)? : The EU and New Zealand ([ID542])
Question 48. If your answer is “yes”, please explain how this could be achieved?Please indicate if your response covers([ID546])
One response covering both countries([ID547])
Response covering only Australia([ID548])
Response covering only New Zealand([ID549])
Question 49. Do you think that issues related to energy and raw materials (for example, measures aimed at increasing transparency, ensuring non-discrimination and limiting anti-competitive practices, addressing renewable energy related issues) should be addressed in the framework of the EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand economic cooperation ? : The EU and Australia ([ID555])
Question 49. Do you think that issues related to energy and raw materials (for example, measures aimed at increasing transparency, ensuring non-discrimination and limiting anti-competitive practices, addressing renewable energy related issues) should be addressed in the framework of the EU-Australia/EU-New Zealand economic cooperation ? : The EU and New Zealand ([ID556])
If your answer is “yes”, please specify policy areas and types of possible actions:([ID559])
Question 50. Do you think that a trade and investment agreement between the EU and Australia/New Zealand should include specific provisions on improving future regulatory coherence (for example, measures providing for cross-cutting disciplines in order to develop and implement more efficient and more compatible regulations)? : The EU and Australia ([ID564])
Question 50. Do you think that a trade and investment agreement between the EU and Australia/New Zealand should include specific provisions on improving future regulatory coherence (for example, measures providing for cross-cutting disciplines in order to develop and implement more efficient and more compatible regulations)? : The EU and New Zealand ([ID565])
If your answer is “yes”, please specify policy areas and types of possible actions:([ID567])
Question 51. If there are any other issues that you would like to address in the context of trade and investment relations between the EU and Australia/New Zealand, please indicate them below. These can be issues which are not mentioned in the questionnaire; or you can expand on issues included in the questionnaire in more detail.([ID568])
Can the Commission contact the respondent if further details are needed?([ID569])
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Postal and courier activities
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Computer programming, consultancy and related activitiesInformation service activities
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Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security
Activities auxiliary to financial service and insurance activities
Real estate activities
Legal and accounting activities
Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities
Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis
Scientific research and development
Advertising and market research
Other professional, scientific and technical activitiesVeterinary activities
Rental and leasing activities
Employment activities (incl. recruitment activities)
Travel agency, tour operator, reservation service and related activities
Security and investigation activities
Services to buildings and landscape activities
Office administration and other business support activities
Public administration and defence; compulsory social security
Education
Human health and healthcare activities
Social work activities (incl. residential care)
Arts, entertainment and recreation (incl. sport)
Other service activities (incl. repairs of computers and personal and household goods, and other personal services)
Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel; undifferentiated goods and service producing activities of households for own use
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Yes
No, but my organisation has been involved in the past
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No. My organisation does not intend to engage in international trade/ Trade between the EU and Australia is not viable for my organisation
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No. My organisation does not intend to invest in third countries/Investment in the EU or Australia is not viable for my organisation
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Yes
No, but my organisation has been involved in the past
No, but my organisation is planning/exploring the possibilities
No. My organisation does not intend to engage in international trade/ Trade between the EU and Australia is not viable for my organisation
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Yes
No, but my firm has invested in the past
No, but my firm is planning/exploring the possibilities
No. My firm does not intend to invest in third countries / Investment in the EU or New Zealand is not viable for my firm
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Australia
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USA
China
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yes
partly, but further improvements could be made
no
do not know/not applicable
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yes
partly, but further improvements could be made
no
do not know/not applicable
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yes
partly, but further improvements could be made
no
do not know/not applicable
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yes
partly, but further improvements could be made
no
do not know/not applicable
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yes
no
do not know/not applicable
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yes
no
do not know/not applicable
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YES

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NO OPINION

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NO OPINION

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YES

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NO OPINION

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In the EU

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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In Australia

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In EU

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In Australia

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In Australia

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YES

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NO OPINION

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YES

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NO OPINION

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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YES

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NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

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NO OPINION

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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YES

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NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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Yes

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No opinion

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Yes

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No opinion

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Yes

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No opinion

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In Australia

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In Australia

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YES

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NO OPINION

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YES

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NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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In Australia

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In the EU

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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In Australia

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In the EU

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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In Australia

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

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No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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Yes, positive impact

Yes, negative impact

No impact

No opinion

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)
Australia only
New Zealand only
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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

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YES

NO

NO OPINION

My contribution can be published, including my name or the name of my organisation([ID5])
Rich Mellor t/as SellMyRetro
Yes([ID539])
 
373408717249-93
No, I’m replying on behalf of a body, organization or association for which I work, or whose views I represent([ID17])
Enterprise([ID34])
Micro enterprise (less than 10 employees)([ID17])
Single sector business association[9]([ID18])
 
 
 
 
 
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
Yes([ID31])
Yes([ID40])
Yes([ID31])
Yes([ID46])
EU([ID26])
Australia([ID27])
New Zealand([ID28])
USA([ID31])
China([ID32])
Other country in the Asia-Pacific region([ID34])
Other*([ID35])
Export to nearly every country in the world
YES, the current state of relations is satisfactory
YES, the current state of relations is satisfactory
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Reducing cross- border transaction fees and shipping costs. Sharing of information over taxation for digital services (as both Australia and New Zealand are bringing in their own versions of VATMOSS, but currently EU enterprises would need to deal directly with the Australian/New Zealand tax authorities). Would also help with collection and enforcement of VATMOSS against businesses supplying e-services based in Australia / New Zealand
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Discussions about how cross-border taxation can be shared and enforced. Reductions in customs regulations between the two areas.
 
 
NO
NO
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
NO OPINION
Sale of second hand computer goods and electronics items for 1980s computers - this is where I specialise, allowing users to keep utilising their old equipment rather than sending it to landfil
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
In Australia
In the EU
 
In Australia
 
 
Impossible to say - because of the EU VATMOSS and Australian rules which are due to come into force on taxation of e-services, I have had to decide NOT to supply such services to consumers in these locations.
Impossible to say - because of the EU VATMOSS and New Zealand rules which are due to come into force on taxation of e-services, I have had to decide NOT to supply such services to consumers in these locations.
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
No
No
No
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Australia
In the EU
 
 
 
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For EU SMEs
For Australian SMEs
For Australian SMEs
For EU SMEs
 
For EU SMEs
For Australian SMEs
For New Zealand SMEs
Your survey does not allow more than one column for each row - all benefits for Australia apply to New Zealand too
YES
YES
YES
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
Yes, positive impact
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No opinion
No impact
No opinion
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No opinion
No impact
No opinion
 
 
YES
YES
YES
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No
No
Yes, positive impact
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
My contribution can be published, including my name or the name of my organisation([ID5])
The Channel Group International LLP
Yes([ID539])
 
901783818574-18
Yes, I’m replying to express my personal views as a citizen or private individual of the EU or of another country([ID16])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
No, but my organisation is planning/exploring the possibilities([ID34])
Not relevant([ID44])
No, but my organisation is planning/exploring the possibilities([ID34])
Not relevant([ID50])
EU([ID26])
Australia([ID27])
New Zealand([ID28])
USA([ID31])
China([ID32])
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
NO
NO
YES
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID58])
 
 
 
 
yes([ID76])
The removal of import tariffs by trade agreements covering the region.
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Australia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For EU SMEs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
My contribution can be published, including my name or the name of my organisation([ID5])
Robert Joumard
No([ID543])
 
 
Yes, I’m replying to express my personal views as a citizen or private individual of the EU or of another country([ID16])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID44])
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID50])
Not relevant([ID36])
 
YES, the current state of relations is satisfactory
YES, the current state of relations is satisfactory
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Rendre prioritaires par rapport au commerce les traités internationaux que l'UE, l'Australie et la NZ ont ratifiés, notamment en matière de droits humains, sociale et environnementale.
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Soumettre explicitement dans le traité de libre-échange les droits en matière de commerce et d'investissement aux droits issus des traités en matière de droits humains, sociale et environnementale, par le biais d'un article juridiquement clair.
 
 
NO
NO
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
La limitation du commerce n'est pas en soi un problème. Je n'ai donc pu avoir ce "problème".
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the EU
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
NO
NO
NO
 
 
 
No
No
No
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
YES
YES
YES
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
 
 
 
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
 
Do not give special rights to investors.
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
Ne pas donner de droits spécifiques aux entreprises étrangères.
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
idem
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
idem
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
idem
 
 
YES
YES
YES
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
Reconnaitre explicitement les droits issus des traités internationaux en matière environnementale
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
idem
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
 
 
idem
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
My contribution can be published, but in an anonymous way([ID6])
 
 
No([ID543])
 
Yes, I’m replying to express my personal views as a citizen or private individual of the EU or of another country([ID16])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other*([ID28])
US
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID44])
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID50])
Not relevant([ID36])
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
YES
do not know/not applicable([ID62])
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID70])
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID77])
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID58])
 
 
yes([ID68])
Service liberalization, professions, review of how MRA have worked in NZ-Australia (bilaterally), standards, testing and certification issues, impact of their signing of TPP on EU free trade deal
yes([ID76])
as above
NO
NO
YES
agriculture
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
In the EU
In the EU
 
In the EU
 
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The survey ONLY allows you to choice one country (EU, NZ) etc for the above tarde barriers/TBT problems so it is biased and does not allow the opportunity to highlight problems of borders, customs, TBT, SPS in both entities. This should be an option There are no reviews of the success of the NZ-Australia agreements (and how some of them have been revoked ie the issue of corporate subsidies and agreements within Australia to avoid such competitive efforts).
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Australia got rid of its effort to avoid damaging subsidies (corporate welfare) among states EU has in the economic crisis shifted in terms of competition by allowing some subsidies, need to address variation in bankruptcy procedures for cross-border jurisdictions. The issue of ISDS will come up again given the Australian carve-out in TPP
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
My contribution can be published, but in an anonymous way([ID6])
 
 
Yes([ID539])
 
No, I’m replying on behalf of a body, organization or association for which I work, or whose views I represent([ID17])
NGOs[11]([ID39])
 
Single sector business association[9]([ID18])
 
 
 
 
 
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
No. My organisation does not intend to engage in international trade/ Trade between the EU and Australia is not viable for my organisation([ID35])
No. My organisation does not intend to invest in third countries/Investment in the EU or Australia is not viable for my organisation([ID43])
No. My organisation does not intend to engage in international trade/ Trade between the EU and Australia is not viable for my organisation([ID35])
No. My firm does not intend to invest in third countries / Investment in the EU or New Zealand is not viable for my firm([ID49])
Not relevant([ID36])
 
YES, the current state of relations is satisfactory
YES, the current state of relations is satisfactory
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
No opinion
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Make sure that Education is not affected by trade agreements as Education should be a public good and a public responsibility.
 
 
NO
NO
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
In Australia - In New Zealand - In the EU
In our area of representation (Education) we believe that there should be non"Trade" because Education is not a commodity.
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
0
0
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
0
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Australia
 
 
 
In New Zealand
There is a flaw in the survey design. I wanted to choose "none" for all countries, but this was not possible.
For EU SMEs
 
 
 
For Australian SMEs
 
 
 
For New Zealand SMEs
There is a flaw in the survey design. I wanted to choose "none" for all countries, but this was not possible.
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
Yes, negative impact
No impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
If Education is a part of the deal, it will have negative effects on quality, price, access and equity.
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Students are not consumers and should never be treated as such.
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Students are not consumers and should never be treated as such.
YES
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
If Education is included in the deal, the free and equal access to Education in some countries will be threatened.
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
If Education is included in the deal, the free and equal access to Education in some countries will be threatened. Specificly leave all Education out of the deal to prevent this.
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
 
If Education is included in the deal, the free and equal access to Education in some countries will be threatened. Specificly leave all Education out of the deal to prevent this.
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
 
If Education is included in the deal, the free and equal access to Education in some countries will be threatened. Specificly leave all Education out of the deal to prevent this.
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
 
If Education is included in the deal, the free and equal access to Education in some countries will be threatened. Specificly leave all Education out of the deal to prevent this.
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
 
If Education is included in the deal, the free and equal access to Education in some countries will be threatened. Specificly leave all Education out of the deal to prevent this.
Education affects many of the abovementioned areas. Keeping Education free and not treading it as a commodity is important for many other areas of social justice.
Education is a human right and should be progressively free according to human rights agreements as well as sustainable development goals. This should be kept in mind!
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
No opinion
YES
YES
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Cooperation on reaching the Sustainable Development Goals would ve much more benefitial than any trade agreements.
Cooperation on reaching the Sustainable Development Goals would ve much more benefitial than any trade agreements.
Cooperation on reaching the Sustainable Development Goals would ve much more benefitial than any trade agreements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
My contribution can be published, including my name or the name of my organisation([ID5])
MAKAR BAKALIE Sp zo.o. Sp k.
No([ID543])
 
 
No, I’m replying on behalf of a body, organization or association for which I work, or whose views I represent([ID17])
Enterprise([ID34])
Medium-sized enterprise (between 50 and 249 employees)([ID19])
Single sector business association[9]([ID18])
 
 
 
 
 
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
Yes([ID31])
No. My organisation does not intend to invest in third countries/Investment in the EU or Australia is not viable for my organisation([ID43])
No. My organisation does not intend to engage in international trade/ Trade between the EU and Australia is not viable for my organisation([ID35])
No. My firm does not intend to invest in third countries / Investment in the EU or New Zealand is not viable for my firm([ID49])
Not relevant([ID36])
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
 
Australia only([ID43])
 
Setting up a trade agreement allowing for free trade without duties.
 
Australia only([ID43])
 
 
 
NO
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
YES
Food items
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
YES
 
In EU
 
 
 
In EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For EU SMEs
 
 
For EU SMEs
For EU SMEs
For EU SMEs
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yes([ID17])
My contribution can be published, but in an anonymous way([ID6])
 
 
No([ID543])
 
No, I’m replying on behalf of a body, organization or association for which I work, or whose views I represent([ID17])
Enterprise([ID34])
Medium-sized enterprise (between 50 and 249 employees)([ID19])
Single sector business association[9]([ID18])
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Zealand([ID27])
 
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID44])
No, but my organisation is planning/exploring the possibilities([ID34])
No, but my firm is planning/exploring the possibilities([ID48])
Australia([ID27])
Other country in the Asia-Pacific region([ID34])
Other*([ID35])
Middle East
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
New Zealand only([ID44])
 
 
Remove quota and tariff restrictions. In my case this relates to chocolate. We have multiple requests each year to export chocolate to Europe, but given the restrictive quota we cannot commit to year round supply. Surely the EU chocolate industry doesn't need this protectionism.
New Zealand only([ID44])
 
 
FTA with New Zealand
NO
NO
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
YES
Chocolate - HS codes 1806, As well as high tariffs, the quota is insufficient for year round supply.
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the EU
Quota - 107 tonnes per year is nothing for imported chocolate.
 
 
In the EU
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For New Zealand SMEs
 
 
 
 
For New Zealand SMEs
 
 
 
YES
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
No opinion
No opinion
Yes, negative impact
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
No impact
No impact
Yes, negative impact
No impact
No impact
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
YES
New Zealand only([ID44])
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
Yes([ID17])
My contribution can be published, but in an anonymous way([ID6])
 
 
No([ID543])
 
No, I’m replying on behalf of a body, organization or association for which I work, or whose views I represent([ID17])
Enterprise([ID34])
Small enterprise (between 10 and 49 employees)([ID18])
Single sector business association[9]([ID18])
 
 
 
 
 
 
New Zealand([ID27])
 
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID44])
Yes([ID31])
Yes([ID46])
Australia([ID27])
USA([ID31])
Other country in the Asia-Pacific region([ID34])
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
Complete a joint agreement covering both countries to open up the trade.
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
One agreement for both countires
 
 
NO
NO
YES
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID58])
NA
NA
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID78])
 
NO OPINION
YES
YES
The tariffs on goods make NZ export to the EU hampers our competitive advantage. Local competitors can take advantage of the import tariffs to sway a customer towards their case.
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NA
NO OPINION
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At this time, we have not experienced any barriers within the mentioned regions.
NO OPINION
NO
NO
 
 
 
 
 
 
No
NA
NO
NO
NO
NA
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
No
No
No
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NA
NO OPINION
YES
YES
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
In the EU
 
 
It has been noted that local suppliers often get preferential treatment over NZ suppliers. This can be due to import regulations, tariff concerns and time zone differences should something go wrong.
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NA
 
In the EU
 
 
In the EU
 
 
 
In the EU
In the EU
 
 
 
 
For New Zealand SMEs
 
For New Zealand SMEs
For EU SMEs
For New Zealand SMEs
For EU SMEs
For EU SMEs
 
 
YES
NO OPINION
YES
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
YES
YES
YES
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
No impact
 
 
NA
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
Yes, positive impact
No opinion
No
No
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
No Opinion
No Opinion
NO
NO
NO
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
No Opinion
YES
YES
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
No Opinion
No Opinion
No Opinion
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
No Opinion
No([ID18])
My contribution can be published, but in an anonymous way([ID6])
 
 
No([ID543])
 
No, I’m replying on behalf of a body, organization or association for which I work, or whose views I represent([ID17])
Business association([ID35])
 
Chamber of commerce, or other cross-sectoral business association([ID19])
 
 
Farming (crop and animal production), hunting and related service activities([ID21])
Production of food products([ID29])
Production of beverages([ID30])
Production of tobacco products([ID31])
Production of textilesProduction of apparel (clothing)([ID32])
Production of leather and related products([ID34])
Production of wood and products of wood and cork, excluding furniture([ID35])
Production of paper and paper productsPrinting and reproduction of recorded media([ID36])
Production of coke and refined petroleum products([ID37])
Production of chemicals and chemical products([ID38])
Production of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations([ID39])
Production of rubber and plastic products([ID40])
Production of other non-metallic mineral products([ID41])
Production of basic metalsProduction of metal products (except machinery and equipment)([ID42])
Production of computer, electronic, and optical equipment([ID43])
Production of electrical equipment([ID44])
Production of machinery and equipment not covered by any other category listed here([ID45])
Production of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers([ID46])
Production of other transport equipmentProduction of furniture([ID47])
Other manufacturing([ID48])
Repair/installation of machinery and equipment([ID49])
Water collection, treatment, and supply([ID51])
Sewerage; waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery([ID52])
Remediation activities and other waste management services([ID53])
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles([ID56])
Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles([ID58])
Air transportWarehousing and support activities for transportation([ID61])
Accommodation([ID63])
Food and beverages service activities([ID64])
Information service activities([ID70])
Legal and accounting activities([ID75])
 
Farming (crop and animal production), hunting and related service activities([ID23])
Production of food products([ID31])
Production of beverages([ID32])
Production of tobacco products([ID34])
Production of textiles([ID35])
Production of apparel (clothing)([ID36])
Production of leather and related products([ID37])
Production of wood and products of wood and cork, excluding furniture([ID38])
Production of paper and paper products([ID39])
Printing and reproduction of recorded media([ID40])
Production of coke and refined petroleum products([ID41])
Production of chemicals and chemical products([ID42])
Production of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations([ID43])
Production of rubber and plastic products([ID44])
Production of other non-metallic mineral products([ID45])
Production of computer, electronic, and optical equipment([ID48])
Production of electrical equipment([ID49])
Production of machinery and equipment not covered by any other category listed hereProduction of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers([ID50])
Production of other transport equipmentProduction of furniture([ID51])
Other manufacturing([ID52])
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
No, but my organisation has been involved in the past([ID32])
No, but my organisation is planning/exploring the possibilities([ID42])
No, but my organisation has been involved in the past([ID32])
No, but my firm is planning/exploring the possibilities([ID48])
EU([ID26])
USA([ID31])
China([ID32])
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
YES
partly, but further improvements could be made([ID57])
 
 
partly, but further improvements could be made([ID68])
 
 
partly, but further improvements could be made([ID75])
 
 
partly, but further improvements could be made([ID56])
 
 
no([ID69])
 
no([ID77])
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
In New Zealand
In New Zealand
 
In New Zealand
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
No opinion
No opinion
No opinion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
YES
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
Yes, positive impact
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
NO OPINION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES
YES
Australia and New Zealand (one response covering both countries)([ID42])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
No([ID18])
My contribution can be published, including my name or the name of my organisation([ID5])
Prof Dr Gonzalo Villalta Puig is Professor of Law at The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Outstanding Fellow of its Faculty of Law, where he is Associate Dean (Research). He is an Overseas Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law and a Fellow of the European Law Institute. Prof Villalta Puig is convenor of the Research Group for Constitutional Studies of Free Trade and Political Economy of the International Association of Constitutional Law and a member of the Study Group on Preferential Trade and Investment Agreements of the International Law Association. He is Secretary of the Hong Kong Branch of the International Law Association. Prof Villalta Puig is Associate Editor of the Global Journal of Comparative Law (Brill Nijhoff). He is the author of Economic Relations between Australia and the European Union: Law and Policy (Kluwer Law International, 2014), the first book to present a monographic study of the law and policy of trade and investment between Australia and the European Union and from which this submission borrows.
No([ID543])
 
 
Yes, I’m replying to express my personal views as a citizen or private individual of the EU or of another country([ID16])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In one of the 28 EU Member States([ID25])
 
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID44])
Not relevant([ID36])
Not relevant([ID50])
Not relevant([ID36])
 
NO, the current state of relations is NOT satisfactory. There’s a clear need for improvements([ID31])
 
Australia only([ID43])
 
Australia and the European Union (EU) need to trade with each other. Australia needs the EU for its capital goods and professional services in order to develop into a knowledge economy: the EU is Australia’s largest partner for services trade. The EU needs Australia as an energy supplier (Australia is the EU’s third largest supplier of coal) and as a commercial base in Asia (China is the EU’s second largest trading partner). The inward and outward flows of investment, specifically, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), are equally important for both partners. A prospective agreement between Australia and the EU should concentrate on services trade and FDI, which are not sensitive areas for either jurisdiction. An agreement to facilitate them would acknowledge the fact that the EU is Australia’s largest partner for trade in services and its largest source and destination of FDI.
 
Australia only([ID43])
 
A prospective trade and investment agreement should concentrate its liberalisation efforts on trade in services and FDI. The agreement should adopt a negative list approach to investment liberalization and extend MFN and national treatment to investors of the other. In this respect, it should provide guarantees of investor protection and introduce a investor–state dispute settlement mechanism. It should also protect firm-specific assets such as infrastructural capital and intellectual property against expropriation. It should remove foreign equity caps. It should allow freer movement of corporate personnel too. The introduction of a non-discriminatory treatment principle should be non-negotiable as should be the provision of a guarantee of mutual market access to service suppliers through a negative list approach to rule out specific service sectors and modes of supply. A framework to promote mutual recognition of professional services and qualifications would seem equally necessary.
 
YES([ID48])
YES([ID48])
 
 
do not know/not applicable([ID62])
 
In short, the Wine Agreement protects the EU wine labelling regime while it simplifies export requirements for Australian wine producers. In terms of economic significance, the Wine Agreement may possibly rank first among the various sectoral agreements between Australia and the EU. After all, Australia is the EU’s largest third country supplier of wine and, most importantly, the EU is Australia’s largest wine export market
do not know/not applicable([ID70])
 
The Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) addresses the regulatory divergences that exist between Australia and the EU, at least, in relation to those conformity assessment procedures necessary for market access. The MRA is significant because of its positive contribution to the bilateral harmonization of standards and technical regulations and because of the trust that it shows each side to have in the trading and manufacturing practices of the other.
 
 
 
 
 
 
yes([ID68])
A trade and investment agreement between Australia and the EU is necessary to remove the agricultural tariffs and quarantine requirements and to harmonize the regulatory divergences that bar bilateral trade in goods and services. It is further necessary to facilitate and guarantee two-way investment.
 
 
YES([ID58])
 
YES([ID58])
The average applied MFN rate for the EU in 2014 was 6.4 per cent, which more than doubles the Australian average of 3 per cent. Market access for Australian agricultural products (sugar, meat, dairy, cereals, fruit and vegetables come under prohibitive tariff-rate quotas) is almost impossible. In relation to Australia, the EU's concerns should be with Australia’s applied tariffs on cars; the gap between bound and applied tariffs; and tariff-rate quotas for cheese and curd cheeses.
 
 
 
 
NO([ID92])
 
NO([ID92])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES([ID120])
 
YES([ID120])
In Australia([ID128])
In the EU([ID130])
In the EU([ID130])
In Australia([ID128])
 
 
 
 
In Australia([ID140])
In Australia([ID140])
 
In the EU([ID142])
 
 
 
 
 
 
In Australia([ID137])
In Australia([ID137])
In Australia([ID137])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The EU should be concerned with Australia’s biosecurity system, which operates as a behind the border barrier under the cover of legitimate protection of life and health. Australia’s biosecurity system is a quarantine system but one without the kind of cost-benefit analysis necessary to balance out the severity of the import risk analysis process for import market access requests. The EU should also be concerned with the misalignment between Australian and international standards, especially, for olive oils. Australia should consider that many EU standards and technical regulations are unnecessary, excessive regulatory barriers to trade because they are not in alignment with international standards and do not allow the transparency that third country consultation would afford. Moreover, in many cases, their application is inconsistent. Australia should work with the EU on the recognition of non-EU accreditation bodies and the acceptance of their certification and test reports.
YES([ID175])
 
YES([ID175])
 
 
 
 
 
 
The EU should see Australia as a fragmented common market. Despite over a century of federation, Australia does not yet have a seamless national services economy. The EU should, therefore, call for sub-federal regulatory reform of the service economy and expect a greater integrationist commitment from the Australian States and Territories The EU should be concerned with the registration difficulties for foreign architects in Australia and Australia’s reluctance to liberalize trade in postal and courier and telecommunications services, including broadband. Australia should complain at the lack of market mobility for foreign professionals within the EU (from foreign lawyers to insurance providers). Market access to other services sectors – financial services, air transport services, and, road transport services – should be of concern too. The concern here should be to ensure that third country service suppliers can benefit from reforms to the EU’s internal market for services.
 
YES([ID195])
 
NO([ID196])
Australia has, under the Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 2015 (Cth) and through its Foreign Investment Review Board, significant foreign investment restrictions and conditions – monetary thresholds – in the real estate and mining industries. The EU should be concerned with Australia’s (preferential) application of higher foreign investment screening thresholds to the United States and New Zealand to the exclusion of other WTO Members.
YES([ID202])
NO OPINION([ID204])
NO OPINION([ID204])
 
 
NO OPINION([ID213])
Yes([ID218])
 
No([ID219])
 
 
In Australia([ID226])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The EU should be concerned with Australia’ inadequate protection of geographical indications as an extension of intellectual property rights, particularly for Scotch Whisky and other European-style trading names.
YES([ID243])
 
YES([ID243])
 
In the EU([ID252])
 
 
In Australia([ID250])
In Australia([ID250])
In Australia([ID250])
 
 
 
The EU should be concerned with Australia’s refusal to sign the Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) and, in parallel, the protectionist (‘Buy Local’ or ‘Australian Made’) motivations behind a major part of its government procurement policy, particularly at the sub-national level. The EU should also be concerned with the Australian Government’s support for Australian private bidders in their attempts to win tenders through the Australian Industry Participation Plan. It is, perhaps, because Australia is a third country for these purposes that Australia should be concerned to ensure market access to the EU government procurement market. Its concern should be with the question of ‘substantial reciprocity'. Australia should work with the EU to ensure that its Member States do not seek to use the reciprocity requirement as an excuse to close the EU government procurement market for non-substantive reasons.
YES([ID266])
 
YES([ID266])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the EU([ID288])
 
 
In Australia([ID286])
In the EU([ID288])
 
In Australia([ID286])
In Australia([ID286])
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
YES([ID318])
YES([ID318])
 
Yes, positive impact([ID325])
Yes, positive impact([ID325])
Yes, positive impact([ID325])
Yes, positive impact([ID325])
 
 
 
 
Yes, positive impact([ID338])
Yes, positive impact([ID338])
Yes, positive impact([ID338])
Yes, positive impact([ID338])