Entrepreneurship indicators

Entrepreneurship indicator programme

The Eurostat-OECD entrepreneurship indicator programme (EIP) was created in 2007. In its current form the EIP is the result of a strong co-operation between Eurostat, the OECD and national statistical institutes. The EIP aims to collect internationally comparable statistics to enable the "measurement" of entrepreneurship i.e. to measure entrepreneurial performance and its determinants and impact. Furthermore, it aims to develop a list of indicators and standard definitions and concepts to facilitate the collection of statistics on entrepreneurship. It is important to produce statistics and develop policy relevant indicators on entrepreneurship because entrepreneurs are crucial sources of innovation, economic growth and employment creation in modern economies. 

The great challenge of the EIP is to provide information and improve understanding of the multifaceted phenomenon of entrepreneurship and its different aspects. From the beginning the EIP program stated that no single indicator can ever capture different facets of entrepreneurship, therefore a set of measures has been developed. The 18 most important indicators are presented in the table below.

Entrepreneurial Performance
Enterprises Employment Wealth
1. Employer enterprise birth rates 7. High growth enterprise rates by employment 13. High growth enterprise rates by turnover
2. Employer enterprise death rates 8. Gazelle rates by employment 14. Gazelle rates by turnover
3. Employer enterprise churn 9. Business ownership start Up rates 15. Value added by size class
4. Employer enterprise net growth 10. Business ownership rates 16. Productivity contribution by size class
5. Survival rates of 3 year and 5 year old enterprises 11. Employment share of 3 year and 5 year old enterprises 17. Innovation performance by size class
6. Share of 3 year and 5 year old enterprises 12. Average size of 3 year and 5 year old enterprises

18. Exports by size class


The aim of the EIP is to collect internationally comparable statistics. To enable this, standard definitions, concepts and indicators had to be developed. As a main result the employer business demography data collection was set up – it is regulated by law in the European Statistical System and forms the most important data source for the entrepreneurial performance indicators. Other important sources are high growth and high growth young enterprises (gazelles) data collections, which are still mostly voluntary. Out of 18 indicators, these two sources provide 12 tailor-made and ready to use indicators (indicators 1 to 8 and 11 to 14). Additional sources are annual enterprise statistics by size class data collection (indicators 15 and 16), the community innovation survey (indicator 17) and international trade in goods by enterprise characteristics (indicator 18). Indicators 9 and 10 on business ownership are not yet available.