EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) - OUTDATED

Please note that the EU SDS has been replaced by the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). These pages as well as the indicator set for the SDS are no longer maintained or updated (last update May 2017) and only available in Englisch.

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The Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs) are used to monitor the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) in a report published by Eurostat every two years. They are presented in ten themes.


Headline indicators

Of more than 130 indicators, ten have been identified as headline indicators. They are intended to give an overall picture of whether the European Union has achieved progress towards sustainable development in terms of the objectives and targets defined in the strategy. For a more complete picture, it is necessary to look at the progress of all indicators within a theme.

Theme Headline indicator
Socio-economic development Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals  Excel file 
Sustainable consumption and production Resource productivity  Excel file 
Social inclusion Persons at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion  Excel file 
Demographic changes Employment rate of older workers  Excel file 
Public health Healthy life years and life expectancy at birth, by sex  
Excel file 
Climate change and energy

Greenhouse gas emissions  Excel file 

Primary energy consumption  Excel file 

Sustainable transport Energy consumption of transport relative to GDP
Excel file 
Natural resources Common bird index  Excel file 
Global partnership Official development assistance as share of gross national income  Excel file
Good governance No headline indicator


Please address any comments or questions concerning the webpages on the EU Sustainable Development Indicators (EU SDIs) or requests for metadata to the Eurostat SDI team via