Data

A significant number of tables are published in Eurostat's dissemination database Eurobase under the heading of Science and Technology. The tables are divided into six domains and each domain comprises further sub-domains. The six domains are:

Research and development (R&D)

This domain comprises national statistics on R&D expenditure, R&D personnel and government budget appropriations or outlays on R&D (GBAORD). Data are collected in several occasions in a year and they consist of several breakdowns such as institutional R&D performing and funding sectors, types of costs and types of R&D, fields of science and economic activities. Derived indicator 'Gross domestic expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP' is one of the eight headline indicators of Europe 2020 strategy.

Community Innovation Survey (CIS)

This biennial data collection provides information on statistics about enterprises that have product and business process innovations, their strategies, knowledge management and innovation activities, as well as about factors that facilitate or hinder innovation ('innovation environment'). The core statistics cover innovation activities, cooperation, development, expenditures and turnover. Each survey wave may additionally include further variables.

High-tech

Statistics on High-tech are derived from different sources: EU-LFS, Structural Business Statistics, Exports/Imports, Structure or Earnings Statistics, CIS, R&D. Statistics on High-tech domain offer information on High-tech sectors and products which are defined based on the level of technological intensity. The list of indicators is covering employment, economic statistics in high-tech sectors and knowledge intensive services, as well as information on high-tech trade.

Patents

This domain features statistics derived from the European Patent Office (EPO) raw database PATSTAT, on patents from EPO, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), triadic patent families and Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) applications. Patent statistics breakdowns include the fields of the International Patent Classification (IPC); institutional sector, economic activities, foreign ownership and also High Tech patents and aggregations by several technology areas (i.e. ICT, biotechnology, nanotechnology, "green" energy technologies).

Human resources in science and technology (HRST)

This domain includes statistics derived from EU - Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) and Eurostat/Unesco/OECD data collection on education. They describe the current stock of HRST and give information on the current and future supply of highly skilled people from universities and other education institutions into the HRST stocks. The list of indicators refers to Human Resources in Science and Technology with breakdowns: by gender, age, nationality, country of birth, sector of economic activity, occupation, employment status. Job-to-job mobility and information regarding participation and graduation from tertiary education by gender and field of study are also covered.

Statistics on Careers of Doctorate Holders (CDH)

Statistics on Careers of Doctorate Holders (CDH) have been designed to produce indicators on the careers and mobility of research qualification holders, measuring their demographic, employment, career and salary characteristics, as well as their international and sectoral mobility. Data is available from voluntary survey for reference years 2006 and 2009.