How much do governments spend on defence? - Products Eurostat News

null How much do governments spend on defence?


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In 2018, the 27 EU Member Statesgovernment expenditure on defence amounted to €162 billion, representing 2.6% of total government expenditure. This is equivalent to 1.2% of GDP.

Overall, in the EU, general government expenditure on defence as a percentage of GDP slightly decreased since the beginning of the time series in 2001 (1.4%).


Highest ratio of government expenditure on defence to GDP in Latvia, lowest in Ireland

In 2018, the ratio of government expenditure on defence to GDP varied across EU Member States from 0.3% in Ireland, 0.5% in both Luxembourg and Malta and 0.6% in Austria to 2.0% in both Estonia and Greece and 2.1% in Latvia.


General government expenditure on defence, 2018

Source dataset: gov_10a_exp


This information on general government expenditure for the function 'defence' (according to the Classification of the Functions of Government - COFOG) is complemented with an online article.

For more information, refer to the set of statistical articles based on government expenditure by function. An interactive infographic is also available on the Eurostat website.



  • The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.
  • 2018 data for Spain, France, Croatia and Slovakia are labelled provisional. 2018 data for Portugal are labelled estimated. Further methodological information is available in the Statistics Explained


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