In September 2022, among the EU Member States for which data are available, Poland granted the highest number of temporary protection statuses to Ukrainians fleeing Ukraine (53 545) as a consequence of Russia’s invasion. Poland was followed by Germany (51 980), Romania (9 715), Spain (5 745) and Ireland (4 925).
Compared with August 2022, the number of Ukrainians receiving temporary protection fell in 18 of the 25 EU Member States with available data. The largest decreases were observed in Poland (-13 735 people compared with August 2022), followed by Germany (-10 160) and France (-2 830). Meanwhile, the highest increases were recorded in Ireland (+900), Denmark (+345) and Cyprus (+105). Minor increases (+10 or less) were recorded in Luxembourg, Malta and Romania. No changes were recorded in Bulgaria.
On 30 September 2022, and among the countries for which data are available, Poland reported the highest number of Ukrainian beneficiaries of temporary protection with a total of 1.4 million, followed by Germany (813 725 Ukrainian beneficiaries), Spain (145 825) and Bulgaria (134 790).
Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection based on the Council Implementing Decision 2022/382 of 4 March 2022, establishing the existence of a mass influx of displaced persons from Ukraine due to Russia’s invasion, and having the effect of introducing temporary protection.
Compared with the population of each Member State, the highest ratio of Ukrainian citizens granted temporary protection in September 2022 per thousand inhabitants was recorded in Estonia (1.8 granted temporary protection per thousand inhabitants), followed by Poland (1.4) and Lithuania, Latvia and Ireland (all 1.0).
30% of Ukrainians seeking protection in Germany were children
Germany granted the highest number of temporary protections for Ukrainian children (persons under 18 years old) with a total of 15 460 (representing 30% of Ukrainians granted protection in Germany in September 2022), followed by Poland (13 980, 26%) and Romania (2 865, 29%).
Notably, in all countries for which September 2022 data are available, children below the age of 14 represented between 61% to 87% of all children granted temporary protection.
Predominantly female Ukrainians seek protection in the EU Member States
In the EU Member States for which data are available, the majority of Ukrainians granted temporary protection were females, including girls.
The largest numbers of females who received temporary protection were reported by Poland (33 650, representing 63% of Ukrainians granted protection in Poland in September), Germany (30 785, or 59%) and Romania (5 605, or 58%).
Similarly, the largest numbers of males who received temporary protection were also reported by Germany (21 110, or 41%), Poland (19 900, or 37%) and Romania (4 115, or 42%).
For more information:
- Dedicated section on the impact of the war in Ukraine
- Database on asylum statistics
- Dedicated section on migration and asylum statistics
- Statistics Explained article on monthly asylum statistics
- Statistics Explained article on annual asylum statistics
- European Commission – Temporary protection
- Iceland: data not available for September 2022. Italy: data not available for August-September 2022. Czechia: data not available for April-September 2022. Germany: data not available for March-July 2022. Austria: data not available for April-June 2022. This is because the data collection is carried out on a voluntary basis, so the completeness of the data may vary.
- Temporary protection is a procedure provided only in the event of a mass influx or imminent mass influx of displaced persons from third countries who are unable to return to their country of origin. These people are granted immediate and temporary protection, in particular if there is also a risk that the asylum system will be unable to process the influx without adverse effects for its efficient operation, in the interests of the persons concerned and other persons requesting protection.
- Data presented in this article refer to the grants of temporary protection and not to the registrations for temporary protection, which may precede the process of granting the status. Therefore, the data may not present all persons fleeing Ukraine since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and who have registered but not yet formally received temporary protection.
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