null Energy inflation rate continues upward hike, hits 27%


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Energy annual inflation in the EU hit 27% in January 2022, continuing the upward trend. This information comes from data published by Eurostat recently. 

Following its lowest rate in five years in May 2020 (-11%), energy inflation started to increase but continued to show negative rates up until February 2021, varying between -9% and -1%. From March 2021, energy inflation was positive and increased almost continuously, reaching 26% in November 2021 and 27% in January 2022. 

The inflation rate for energy is the highest since the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) was first published in 1997. In October 2021, it surpassed the highest point recorded so far: 17% in July 2008.

Timeline: energy prices in the euro area, 2021, monthly data, unadjusted (2015=100)

Source dataset: prc_hicp_manr

Looking at the sub-components of energy, gas reached its highest point in January 2022 at almost 41%, a 13.5 percentage point (pp) increase compared with the previous month, significantly above other energy sources - fuel (including petrol, diesel, liquid fuels and other fuels) at +26% (-2.8 pp) and electricity at +24% (+3.1 pp).

During the COVID-19 pandemic, inflation rates for fuel were more volatile than for electricity and gas. Inflation rates for gas and electricity hit negative values between April and December 2020, but were more stable, averaging -5% for gas and -1% for electricity. Fuel however hit a low point in May 2020 (-21%) and then peaked at +37% in November 2021.

Bar chart: energy prices in the EU, January 2022, by country (annual rate of change)

Source dataset: prc_hicp_manr

Among the EU Member States, Belgium (67%) and the Netherlands (58%) registered the highest energy inflation rates in January 2022, followed by Lithuania (43%), Estonia (41%) and Greece (40%). At the other end, the energy inflation rate was 0% in Malta, with Croatia and Portugal following, both with 12%. 

For more information: 

Methodological notes:

  • Malta: No price movements registered since the decrease in energy prices that took place in July 2020. Energy prices in Malta are regulated by the government; thus, no price movements are to be registered as long as this is not announced by the government.
  • This information was obtained from the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP), which is mainly used to measure inflation.  

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