Migrant integration: temporary employment - Products Eurostat News

null Migrant integration: temporary employment

26/05/2021

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One-fifth (20.3%) of employees born outside the EU were employed on a temporary contract in the EU in 2020, compared with 13.8% for temporary employees born in a different EU Member State and 11.8% for native-born employees with a temporary job.

Compared with 2019, the shares in 2020 were 1.5 percentage points (pp) lower for temporary employees born outside the EU, 1.4 pp lower for employees born in another EU Member State and 1.2 pp lower for native-born employees.

Across the EU Member States for which the results are available, in 2020 the highest share of employees born outside the EU employed on temporary contracts was recorded in Poland (40.6%), followed by Cyprus (35.8%), Spain (35.1%), Portugal (26.8%) and Sweden (25.2%). By contrast, the lowest share was observed in Estonia (2.1%), followed by Austria (6.9%), Hungary (7.2%) and Ireland (7.5%).

For persons born in another EU Member State, the highest share of temporary employees in the total number of employees was recorded in Spain (27.0%), followed, by the Netherlands (19.3%) and Italy (18.3%). At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest shares of employees with a temporary job were in Hungary (4.2%), Ireland (6.6%), Luxembourg (6.8%), Austria (7.2%), Cyprus (7.3%) and Slovenia (8.4%).

The share of temporary employees in the total number of native-born employees was the highest in Spain (21.8%), followed by Poland (17.9%) and Portugal (16.6%). By contrast, the lowest shares were in Lithuania (1.1%), Romania (1.2%), Estonia (2.6%), Latvia (2.7%) and Bulgaria (3.5%).

A bar chart showing the number of temporary employees per country by nationality (EU, intra EU, non-EU) for EU countries and EFTA, 2020 data for people aged 20 to 64, in percentage of employees​​​​​​​

Source dataset: lfsa_etpgacob

Women more likely to be employed on temporary contracts

In 2020, the share of temporary employees in the total number of employees in the EU was higher among women than men for all three subpopulations: native-born employees, employees born in another EU Member State, and employees born outside the EU.

The largest gender gap was for native-born employees, the share of female employees working on a temporary basis was 1.9 pp higher than those for men. The gap between the sexes was smaller for employees born in another EU Member State and for those non-EU- born (both 0.5 pp).

A bar chart showing the difference between men and women in the number of temporary contracts, by nationality (EU-born, intra-EU born, non-EU born), as percentage of employees, for EU as a whole, 2020 data

Source dataset: lfsa_etpgacob

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