The total organic area in the European Union (EU) was 13.8 million hectares in 2019, corresponding to 8.5% of the total utilised agricultural area. This represents an increase of 46% between 2012 and 2019.
Among the EU Member States, the countries with the largest shares of organic area in 2019 were Austria (25.3% of the total utilised agricultural area), Estonia (22.3%) and Sweden (20.4%), followed by Czechia and Italy (both 15.2%), Latvia (14.8%) and Finland (13.5%).
Source data: org_cropar
All the remaining EU Member States had an organic farming area share at 11% or lower, with the smallest proportions observed in the Netherlands (3.7%), Poland (3.5%), Romania (2.9%), Bulgaria (2.3%), Ireland (1.6%) and Malta (0.5%).
For more information
More statistics on organic area, including the area under conversion, organic production and the number of fully organic farms can be found in the Statistics Explained article Organic farming statistics.
- The total organic area is the sum of the "area under conversion" and the "certified area". Before an area can be certified as "organic", it must undergo a conversion process, which may take 2-3 years depending on the crop.
- The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.
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