Back Non-EU citizens: 5% of the EU population in 2019


© William Perugini/

On 1 January 2019, 21.8 million citizens of a non-member country lived in one of the 27 EU Member States, representing almost 5% of the EU population.

In addition, there were 13.3 million people living in one of the EU Member States on 1 January 2019 with the citizenship of another EU Member State, representing almost 3% of the EU population.


Highest shares of non-nationals in Luxembourg, lowest in Poland and Romania

In relative terms, the EU Member State with the highest share of non-nationals was Luxembourg, at 47% of its total population. A high proportion of foreign citizens (10% or more of the resident population) was also observed in Cyprus, Malta, Austria, Estonia, Latvia, Ireland, Belgium, Germany and Spain.

In contrast, non-nationals represented less than 1% of the population in Poland and Romania.

In most EU Member States, the majority of non-nationals were citizens of non-EU countries.


Share of non-nationals in the resident population in the EU Member States

Source dataset: migr_pop1ctz


For more information:


To contact us, please visit our User Support page.

For press queries, please contact our Media Support.