Back How does the EU compare to G20 countries?


Today Eurostat releases the 2020 edition of the publication “The EU in the world”. The publication aims to present information for the EU of 27 Member States as well as the other G20 members for a set of key indicators covering people and society, economy and business, as well as environment and natural resources.

You will find out for instance that in 2018 the female employment rate was higher in the EU (62.3%) than in a majority of the other G20 members, although a higher proportion of women were employed in the United States, Russia, Australia, Japan and the United Kingdom, with a peak of 71.0% recorded in Canada.

Looking at government debt, Japan had by far the highest government debt relative to GDP in 2018 at 237.1% of GDP, more than three times as high as the EU at 79.7%. The lowest ratio of government debt to GDP was Russia at 14.6% of GDP. Most G20 members had a government deficit in 2018; only South Korea and Russia recorded surpluses. The largest deficits were recorded in India (6.4% of GDP) and Brazil (7.2% of GDP).

Among the G20 members, the highest incidence of road traffic deaths relative to population size in 2016 was observed in Saudi Arabia where there were 29 such deaths per 100 000 inhabitants. The lowest figures were recorded in the EU (5 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants), Japan (4) and the United Kingdom (3).

Road traffic deaths (per 100 000 inhabitants), 2016)

Source: Eurostat (online data codes: tran_sf_roadse and demo_gind), the World Health Organisation and the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (World Population Prospects 2019).


To contact us, please visit our User Support page.

For press queries, please contact our Media Support.