In the EU in 2015, women earned 16.3 % less than men when comparing their average gross hourly earnings.
On average, women earned less than men in all Member States, however this gender pay gap varies. The largest differences were observed in Estonia (26.9 %), the Czech Republic (22.5 %), Germany (22.0 %), Austria (21.7 %) and the United Kingdom (20.8 %).
On the other hand, the smallest differences in earnings between women and men were found in Luxembourg and Italy (both 5.5 %), Romania (5.8 %), Belgium (6.5 %) and Poland (7.7 %).
For further information, see the digital publication The life of women and men in Europe – a statistical portrait.