Stem cell transplantation in the EU


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In 2018, over 30 000 patients in the European Union (EU) received healthy blood-forming cells (stem cells) to replace their own that had been destroyed. The highest numbers of stem cell transplants were reported in Germany (7 900), France (5 800), Italy (5 700) and Spain (3 400).


Rate of stem cell transplantation highest in Germany

To make a sound comparison between countries, the absolute numbers of stem cell transplants across Member States need to be adjusted to the size of the population.

With 9.6 stem cell transplants per 100 000 inhabitants, Germany registered the highest rate among the EU Member States in 2018, closely followed by Italy (9.4). They were followed by France (8.6 per 100 000 inhabitants), Belgium (8.4), the Netherlands (8.4; 2017 data) and Sweden (8.2).

At the opposite end of the scale is Malta (2017 data) with no stem cell transplants per 100 000 inhabitants, followed by Cyprus (1.2), Romania (1.8), Bulgaria (2.3) and Poland (3.7).


Stem cells transplants 2018

Source dataset: hlth_co_proc2


This news item is published on the European Day for Organ Donation and Transplantation (10 October).



  • Data not available for Denmark, Greece, Latvia, Luxembourg, Portugal, Malta, the Netherlands: 2017 data instead of 2018.
  • The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.


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