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In 2018, of almost 15 million scientists and engineers in the EU, 59% were men and 41% women.

Men were particularly overrepresented in manufacturing (79% of scientists and engineers in manufacturing were male), while the gender ratio in the services sector was more balanced (54% male and 46% female).


Scientists and engineers in the EU, 2018

Source dataset: hrst_st_nsecsex2


However, in four EU Member States, the majority of scientists and engineers were women: Lithuania (57% female), Bulgaria and Latvia (both 52%) and Denmark (51%).

Less than one third of scientists and engineers were women Finland (29%), Hungary (30%), Luxembourg (31%) and Germany (33%).


Scientists and engineers in the EU Member States, 2018

Source dataset: hrst_st_nsecsex2


This news item marks the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, celebrated on 11 February.


Note: The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.


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