In 2019, the United States was the largest partner for EU exports of goods (18% of total extra-EU exports) and second largest for EU imports of goods (12% of total extra-EU imports), after China (19%).
Looking at the period 2009 to 2019, the EU had a trade in goods surplus (meaning larger exports than imports) with the United States. This trade surplus has fluctuated slightly but has increased overall during the period and reached €153 billion in 2019.
For both EU exports and imports of goods with the United States, 'machinery and vehicles', 'chemicals' and 'other manufactured goods' dominate. Together these manufactured goods accounted for 88% of EU exports of goods to the United States and 80% of EU imports of goods from the United States.
Among the EU Member States, the three largest importers from the United States were Germany (€ 54 173 million), the Netherlands (€ 43 982 million) and France (€ 31 956 million). The three largest exporters to the United States were Germany (€ 119 397 million), Ireland (€ 46 687 million) and Italy (€ 45 584 million).
For further information:
- Statistics Explained article USA-EU international trade in goods statistics
- Overview of statistics on international trade in goods
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