In 2018, the European Union (EU) Member States reported 148 000 outgoing and 144 600 incoming requests to transfer the responsibility to examine an asylum application.
The largest numbers of outgoing requests sent to other Member States were reported by Germany (54 900), France (45 400), the Netherlands (8 600) and Belgium (8 400).
The three countries receiving the largest number of incoming requests from other Member States in 2018 were Italy (41 900), Germany (25 000) and Spain (10 800).
Acceptance rates of requests
In 2018, at the EU level in total, the rate of acceptance - the share of decisions on requests for transfer that were accepted – was 69% for decisions on outgoing requests and 66% for decisions on incoming requests.
A majority of EU Member States reported that more than half of the decisions in 2018 on their outgoing requests were accepted. The highest acceptance rates of outgoing requests were observed in Latvia (85%), the Netherlands (81%) and Estonia (80%). By contrast, the lowest rates were recorded in Croatia (16%), Hungary (11%) and Cyprus (9%).
The highest proportions of acceptances among decisions taken in 2018 on incoming requests - above 90% - were reported by Portugal (94%) and Estonia (91%). By contrast, in five EU Member States less than half of the decisions in 2018 on incoming requests were accepted, with this share around one quarter in Bulgaria (25%), one fifth in Hungary (19%) and as low as 3% in Greece.
The Dublin Regulation (EU) 604/2013 aims at reducing consecutive transfers of asylum seekers from one Member State to another and at preventing abuse of the system by the submission of several applications for asylum by one person. The main principle is that only one Member State is responsible for examining an asylum application by a citizen of a non-European Union country or by a stateless person.
If during the course of the processing of an application the authorities in a Member State decide that the application should be dealt with in another Member State, the authorities of the former may make a request to the latter to take over the responsibility of the asylum application (and consequently take over the applicant). Accordingly, the so called 'Dublin' statistics refer to outgoing requests (Member States report requests sent out) and incoming requests (Member States report requests received).
For more information:
- The source data can be found in Eurostat datasets: migr_dubri, migr_dubro, migr_dubdi and migr_dubdo.
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article on Dublin Statistics.
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