Russia was the EU's 3rd largest partner for imports (8% of total extra-EU imports) and the 4th largest for EU exports (4% of total extra-EU exports) in 2018.
Between 2008 and 2018, the EU ran a trade deficit with Russia (meaning that it imported more than it exported). This trade deficit was highest in 2011 at €93 billion and lowest in 2016 at €46 billion. In 2018, the EU’s trade deficit with Russia was €83 billion.
EU exports to Russia were dominated by "machinery and vehicles", "chemicals" and "other manufactured products", which together accounted for 90% of EU exports to Russia. EU imports from Russia were dominated by primary goods (72%), mainly "energy", "raw materials", and "food and drink". At a more detailed level, "medicaments" were the EU’s most exported product to Russia, while the most imported product from Russia were "petroleum oils, crude".
Germany: main trader with Russia among the Member States
Among the Member States, Germany was both the largest importer of goods from Russia (€33 billion), and the largest exporter to Russia (€26 billion) in 2018.
For further information
- Statistics Explained article Russia-EU international trade in goods statistics
- Overview of statistics on international trade in goods
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