In 2017, the proportion of young people in the European Union (EU) aged 15-29 living in overcrowded households was estimated to be 26.7 %. This is just over 9 percentage points higher than the overcrowding rate for the population as a whole (17.5 %).
Among the EU Member States the overcrowding rate for young people varied considerably. In Malta, 4.0 % of young people aged 15-29 years lived in an overcrowded household in 2017, while in Romania the rate reached 65.1 %.
A total of 10 Member States had an overcrowding rate for young people in 2017 that was higher than the EU average. Among them, seven (Slovakia, Latvia, Poland, Croatia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania) reported that more than half of their young population lived in overcrowded households.
The source data are here.
The largest difference in percentage points between the overcrowding rate for the 15-29 year age group and the population as a whole was observed in Bulgaria (almost 20 percentage points higher for young people). In Denmark, the Netherlands, Cyprus, Sweden and Finland, the overcrowding rate for young people was at least twice as high as the rate for the population as a whole.
The reference population covered by these data is all private households and their current members residing in the territory of an EU Member State at the time of data collection. Persons living in collective households and in institutions are generally excluded from the target population.
How is the overcrowding rate defined?
The overcrowding rate is the percentage of the population living in an overcrowded household. A person is considered as living in an overcrowded household if the household does not have at its disposal a minimum number of rooms equal to the sum of:
- one room for the household;
- one room per couple in the household;
- one room per single person aged 18 and more;
- one room per pair of single people of the same gender between 12 and 17 years of age;
- one room per single person between 12 and 17 years of age and not included in the previous category;
- one room per pair of children under 12 years of age.
For more information:
- Statistics Explained article on young people – housing conditions
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