The Dublin Regulation (EU) 604/2013 aims at reducing consecutive transfers of asylum seekers from one Member State to another and at preventing abuse of the system by the submission of several applications for asylum by one person. The main principle is that only one Member State is responsible for examining an asylum application by a citizen of a non-European Union country or by a stateless person.
If during the course of the processing of an application the authorities in a Member State decide that the application should be dealt with in another Member State, the authorities of the former may make a request to the latter to take over the responsibility of the asylum application (and consequently take over the applicant). Accordingly, the statistics refer to outgoing requests (Member States report requests sent out) and incoming requests (Member States report requests received).
Number of outgoing and incoming requests
In 2017, the European Union (EU) Member States reported 157 805 outgoing and 130 811 incoming requests to transfer the responsibility to examine an asylum application.
The largest numbers of outgoing requests sent to other Member States were reported by France (41 253), Germany (63 326), Austria (10 482) and Greece (9 559).
The two countries receiving the largest number of incoming requests from other Member States were Germany (26 927) and Italy (26 627).
Acceptance rates of requests
In 2017, at the EU level in total, the rate of acceptance - the share of decisions on requests for transfer that were accepted – was 74.1 % for decisions on outgoing requests and 69.0 % for decisions on incoming requests.
The majority of EU Member States reported that in 2017 more than half of the decisions on their outgoing requests sent to other Member States were accepted, the only exceptions being Slovenia (45.5 %), Hungary (41.4 %) and Croatia (35.1 %). The highest acceptance rates – above 90 % - were observed for outgoing requests sent to other Member States by Latvia and Italy.
The highest proportions of acceptances among decisions taken in 2017 on incoming requests - above 90 % - were reported by Finland, Malta, Estonia, Italy and Portugal. In contrast, in seven EU Member States less than half of the decisions in 2017 on incoming requests were accepted, with this share around one third in Luxembourg (37 %) and Austria (35 %), closer to one quarter in Hungary (27 %) and as low as 4 % in Greece.
Further information on migration enforcement in the EU can be found in this Statistics Explained article.
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