In the majority of European Union (EU) regions in 2017, the employment rate for foreign citizens from outside the EU was generally lower than for citizens of other EU Member States and nationals.
Regional employment rate for non-EU citizens
In 2017, in the majority of the EU regions (91 % of all EU regions for which the data are available), the employment rate for non-EU citizens was below the Europe 2020 target of 75 %.
The lowest regional employment rate, below 50 %, was mainly concentrated in regions of France, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. Martinique, the overseas French region, had the lowest rate of any region in the EU (20.8 %).
In contrast, the highest employment rate for this population group was in the Highlands and Islands region (the United Kingdom; 2016 data), where more than 9 out of 10 foreign citizens aged 20-64 from outside the EU were in employment (92.3 %); the next highest employment rate (85.1 %) was also in the United Kingdom, in the region of North Yorkshire.
Regional employment rate for citizens of other EU Member States
For citizens of other EU Member States, a regional employment rate equal to or above the Europe 2020 target of 75 % was observed in more than half of all regions across the EU (55 % of all the EU regions for which data are available).
The regions with the highest employment rate for citizens of other EU Member States were recorded in the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom. In particular, the highest rate was registered in the Czech region of Strední Cechy (94.2 %), while a rate of more than 90 % was also observed in Strední Morava and two regions of the United Kingdom: Highlands and Islands, and Cumbria.
The lowest regional employment rates for citizens of other EU Member States were observed in the region of Voreia Ellada (NUTS 1 level) in northern Greece (35.9 %) and in the two southern Italian regions of Calabria (42.4 %) and Sicilia (52.2 %).
Regional employment rate for national citizens
In the case of national citizens, in slightly less than half (49 %) of all EU regions, the regional employment rate was equal to or above the Europe 2020 target of 75 %.
The highest regional employment rate for nationals was observed in Finland, Sweden, Germany and the United Kingdom. In particular, the Finnish archipelago of Åland had the highest regional employment rate for nationals (88.4 %).
At the other end of the range, the lowest regional employment rates for national citizens, below 50.0 %, were in four regions in the south of Italy: Puglia, Campania, Calabria and Sicilia, Sicilia had the lowest rate in the EU
Inter-regional disparities in the employment rate
The regional employment rate for citizens of other Member States was generally higher than those recorded for non-EU citizens, while inter-regional differences within a Member State were usually greater for non-EU citizens than they were for citizens of other EU Member States.
In 2017, such inter-regional differences were particularly pronounced in the United Kingdom, as the employment rate for non-EU citizens ranged from 92.3 % in Highlands and Islands (2016 data) to 43.8 % in South Yorkshire, a gap of 48.5 percentage points. This pattern was repeated in Germany, as the uppermost employment rate among non-EU citizens was recorded in Oberbayern (70.1 %), while the lowermost rate was recorded in Sachsen-Anhalt (25.2 %), with a gap of 44.9 percentage points.
In the case of citizens of other EU Member States, the greatest inter-regional differences were observed in Italy, with the gap between the highest rate in Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano/Bozen and the lowest rate in Calabria equal to 38.2 percentage points.
Source dataset is available here.
For more statistics on migrant integration, including regional employment rate and analyses by degree of urbanisation, please refer to the Statistics Explained article Migrant integration statistics – regional labour market indicators.
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