Around 8 in every 10 of those employed in the EU worked full-time and 2 in 10 part-time. Among these 45.3 million people working part-time, 9.5 million were underemployed, meaning they wished to work more hours and were available to do so. This corresponds to a fifth (20.9%) of all part-time workers and 4.2% of total employment in the EU in 2016. Two thirds of these underemployed part-time workers were women (65%).
Largest share of underemployed part-time workers in Greece, lowest in the Czech Republic
In 2016, the proportion of underemployed part-time workers among total part-time workers varied significantly across the EU Member States. A majority of part-time workers aged 15 to 74 wished to work more hours in Greece (74.1%), Cyprus (63.7%) and Spain (50.7%), closely followed by Portugal (45.1%) and Slovakia (43.5%).
At the opposite end of the scale, the Czech Republic (8.0%), Malta (10.8%), Luxembourg (11.9%), the Netherlands (12.0%), Estonia (12.5%) and Germany (12.6%) registered the smallest shares of underemployed part-time workers.
It should be noted that underemployed part-time workers were predominantly women in every EU Member State except Romania, Bulgaria and Cyprus.
The source dataset can be found here.
For more information:
Eurostat website section dedicated to the EU Labour Force Survey (LFS).
Eurostat database on EU-LFS results.
Main concepts and definitions of the EU-LFS.
Eurostat news release 69/2017 of 25 April 2017 on Europe 2020 employment indicators.