Population data is available by various characteristics and can be grouped around the following topics:

Ageing and population structure: based on the data available the ageing trends can be followed throughout the past decades. Information on age groups and their share in the total population are available by country and at EU, Eurozone, EFTA and EEA aggregate level. Indicators such as the age dependency ratio are calculated on the basis of the population structure. More on this subject

Population characteristics: population figures by educational attainment, marital status, citizenship and country of birth are available. The characteristics of the population can be followed also by citizenship and country of birth. (Data availability is subject to the completeness of reporting by the countries.)

Population density: The surface area is used to calculate population density in each region. Data are available by NUTS 3 level, total area (including inland water and excluding coastal water) and land area (excluding inland and coastal water). (Data availability is subject to the completeness of reporting by the countries) More on this subject

Population change: by comparing the population of 1 January of two consecutive years the change in population created by births, deaths and migration can be followed and its components can be identified: "natural change" (live births minus deaths) and the net migration (immigrants minus emigrants). More on this subject


On the basis of the data collected Eurostat calculates:

  • Population structure indicators (available in database table demo_pjanind):
    • Share of different age groups
    • Median age of population
    • Women per 100 men
    • Age dependency ratio
    • Young age dependency ratio
    • Old age dependency ratio
  • Population density (available in database table demo_r_d3dens)
  • Population change (available in database tables demo_gind and demo_r_gind3 for the regional level)
    • Natural change
    • Net migration