Overview - Labour Market (incl. LFS)

Labour Market, including Labour Force Survey (LFS) — Overview


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What information can I find here?

Labour market statistics measure the involvement of individuals, households and businesses in the labour market. They cover short-term and structural aspects of the labour market, both for the supply and the demand side, in monetary and non-monetary terms.

The following aspects are covered in this section:

  • Labour market situation providing data on employment, unemployment, inactivity, working time, temporary employment, labour market transitions, etc. from the EU Labour Force Survey (LFS);
  • Job vacancies;
  • Labour costs such as the quarterly labour cost index, labour cost levels, Labour Cost Survey;
  • Earnings such as gross and net earnings, gender pay gap, minimum wages; 
  • Quality of employment.  

Why are these statistics important and what is the European Commission doing in this regard?

Statistics on the labour market are at the heart of many EU policies and are namely used to monitor the Europe 2020 strategy, the European Employment Strategy (EES), the European Pillar of Social Rights and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They also allow to respond to the requirements of economic and monetary policy in the European Union: 

  • Annual statistics make a key contribution to the indicator sets for the Europe 2020 strategy, and in particular for the employment guidelines (part II of the Europe 2020 Integrated Guidelines), as well as for the European Pillar of Social Rights and in an international context for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  • Infra-annual statistics such as monthly unemployment rates, the Labour Cost Index (LCI) and the quarterly job vacancy statistics (JVS), which belong to the Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs), provide important information for business cycle analysis and policy decisions.

Labour market statistics are also directly relevant to citizens since employment and unemployment are of central concern to individuals and society.

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How many jobs are vacant?

Read our article in Statistics Explained about job vacancies rates to find the answer and see how the situation is in your country.

Tool Economic trends

Compare labour cost trends

Our tool 'Economic trends' visualises the development of labour costs over the last quarters. Select your country to compare it to the EU. 

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How much less do women earn than men?

Explore the chapter on earnings in our interactive publication 'The life of women and men in Europe' as well as our nice interactive tool and infographic.

Find out about your country's labour market

Do you know how many persons in your country are employed, unemployed or economically inactive? How does this compare to other European countries? Find out using our interactive visualisation.

European Statistical Recovery Dashboard

European Statistical Recovery Dashboard

Track the recovery of multiple labour market indicators from the COVID-19 pandemic across countries and time.

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Labour market policies (LMP) database

Labour market policies

To find information and statistics on labour market policies, please have a look at this website of the Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. 

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Labour disputes

Statistics on labour disputes, e.g. strikes and lockouts, are available on the statistics website of the International Labour Organization (ILO).