Focus on Comext

Comext is Eurostat's reference database for detailed statistics on international trade in goods. It provides access not only to both recent and historical data of the EU and its individual Member States but also to statistics of a significant number of non-EU countries. Any aggregated and detailed statistics on international trade in goods disseminated through the Eurostat website are compiled from Comext. Note that the Comext system is also used to store and disseminate statistics on the production of manufactured goods (PRODCOM data).

More on Comext datasets

  • EU Trade by CN, SITC, BEC and CPA 

    These datasets contain monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the European Union, the euro area and the EU Member States. The available indicators are the trade value in euros, the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and the supplementary quantity wherever relevant. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature plus the intra- and extra-EU areas) and by product according to the different levels of the following product nomenclatures: Combined Nomenclature (CN8, HS6, HS4 and HS2), Standard International Trade Classification (SITC), the Broad Economic Categories (BEC) and the Classification of Products by Activity (CPA).

    The starting date of the time series is:

    • January 1988 for the EU (evolutionary definition), Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom;
    • January 1995 for Austria, Finland and Sweden;
    • January 1999 for the Euro Area (EU19 and evolutionary definition), the EU28 and EU27_2020 aggregates, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia;
    • January 2002 for all the reporters in dataset by CPA_2.1
       

    As from reference month February 2020 the UK is no longer included as a reporting country. The aggregate EU27_2020 succeeds to EU28, which is maintained, although only for reference periods before February 2020.

  • EU trade by CN (daily updated)

    This dataset contains monthly time series for the imports and exports of the EU Member States. The available indicators are the trade value in thousands of euros, the quantity in tonnes (net mass) and the supplementary quantity wherever relevant. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature) and by product according to the different levels of the Combined Nomenclature (CN8, HS6, HS4 and HS2).

    The starting date of the time series depends on the reporting country:

    • from January 1999 for Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom;
    • from May 2004 for Cyprus, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia;
    • from January 2007 for Bulgaria and Romania; 
    • from July 2013 for Croatia.

     

    It should be noted that from reference month February 2020 the UK is no longer included as a reporting country. 

  • Extra-EU Trade by Mode of Transport

    These datasets contain monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the European Union and each EU Member State from January 2002 until the last month available. The available indicators are the trade value in euros and the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and tonnes. Data are given by trading partner (all non-EU countries of the Geonomenclature plus the extra-EU area) and by product according to the different levels of the ‘Nomenclature uniforme des marchandises pour les Statistiques de Transport, Révisée’ (NSTR) and the Harmonised System (HS6, HS4 and HS2).

    As from reference month February 2020 the UK is no longer included as a reporting country. The aggregate EU27_2020 succeeds to EU28, which is maintained, although only for reference periods before February 2020.

    In addition to the basic information, these datasets include one more dimension: the mode of transport. The mode of transport is classified according to the following codification:  0: Unknown mode of transport, 1: Sea transport, 2: Rail transport, 3: Road transport, 4: Air transport, 5: Postal consignment, 7: Fixed transport installations; 8: Inland waterway transport and 9: Own propulsion.

  • Intra-EU Trade by Mode of Transport

    This dataset contains monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the following EU Member States: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Spain, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania and Slovakia. Time series start from January 2010 until the last month available. The available indicators are the trade value in euros and the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and tonnes.  Data are given by trading partner (all individual EU Member States plus the intra-EU area) and by product according to the ‘Nomenclature uniforme des marchandises pour les Statistiques de Transport, Révisée’ (NSTR).

    In addition to the basic information, these datasets include one more dimension: the mode of transport. The mode of transport is classified according to the following codification:  0: Unknown mode of transport, 1: Sea transport, 2: Rail transport, 3: Road transport, 4: Air transport and 8: Inland waterway transport. 

  • Adjusted EU-EXTRA Imports by tariff regime

    These datasets contain monthly and annual time series for the imports of the EU Member States. The available indicators are the trade value in euros, the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and tonnes, and the supplementary quantity wherever relevant. Data are given by trading partner (all non-EU countries of the Geonomenclature plus the extra-EU area) and by product according to the different levels of the Combined Nomenclature (CN8, HS6, HS4 and HS2).

    The starting date of the time series depends on the reporting country:

    • from January 2000 for Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom;
    • from May 2004 for Cyprus, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia;
    • from January 2007 for Bulgaria and Romania and
    • from July 2013 for Croatia.

     

    It should be noted that from reference month February 2020 the UK is no longer included as a reporting country.

    In addition to the basic information, these datasets include two more dimensions:

    • the eligibility which reflects the tariff status as indicated in the TARIC database on the first day of each month; and
    • the tariff regime (or use) which reflects the preference as reported in data transmitted by the Member States to Eurostat (source: customs declarations, box 36 of the Single Administrative Document) combined with the duty rate and possibly adjusted.

     

  • EFTA Trade by SITC, HS and national products  

    by SITC — This dataset contains monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) from January 1995 (January 2009 for Liechtenstein) until the last month available. The available indicators are the trade value in euros and the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and tonnes. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature) and by product according to the different levels of the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC).

    by HS2, 4, 6 — This dataset contains monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) from January 2003 (January 2009 for Liechtenstein) until the last month available. The available indicators are the trade value in euros and the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and tonnes. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature) and by product according to the different levels of the Harmonised System (HS6, HS4 and HS2).

    by National Products — These datasets contain monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) from January 2003 (January 2009 for Liechtenstein) until the last month available. The available indicators are the trade value in euros and the quantity (net mass) in 100 kg and tonnes. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature) and by product according to the most detailed level of the national product nomenclature.

  • West Balkans and Candidate Countries trade by CN

    This dataset contains monthly time series for the imports and exports of the West Balkan Countries. The starting date of the series depends on the reporting country: since 2002 for Albania, Croatia (until June 2013), North Macedonia and Turkey, since 2004 for Kosovo and since 2005 for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia. The available indicators are the trade value in thousands of euros, the quantity (net mass) in 100 kilos and tonnes, and the supplementary quantity wherever relevant. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature) and by product according to the different levels of the Combined Nomenclature (CN8, HS6, HS4 and HS2).

  • South Mediterranean Trade by HS6

    This dataset contains monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the South Mediterranean countries. The starting date of the series depends on the reporting country: since 2000 for Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia, since 2002 for Syria, since 2005 for Israel and since 2007 for the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The available indicators are the trade value in thousands of euros, the quantity (net mass) tonnes and the supplementary quantity wherever relevant. Data are given by trading partner (all countries of the Geonomenclature) and by product according to the different levels of the Harmonised System (HS6, HS4 and HS2).

  • Indices by SITC, BEC and CPA

    These datasets contain monthly and annual time series for the imports and exports of the European Union, the euro area and each EU Member State from January 2000 until the last month available. The available indicators are the unit value indices (UVI) in euros, national currencies and US dollars and the volume indices in euros. Data are given by trading partner (mainly economic and geographical areas but also some individual countries) and by product according to the Standard International Trade Classification (1- and 2-digit SITC codes), the Broad Economic Categories (BEC) and the Classification of Products by Activity (1- and 2-digit CPA codes).

  • International Trade in Goods by Enterprise Characteristics

    These datasets contain annual time series for the imports and exports of the EU Member States from 2012. The available indicators are the number of enterprises and the trade value in thousands of euros. International trade in goods data are broken down by enterprise size class, concentration of trade, number of partner countries, commodity, type of trader, type of ownership or export intensity. Data are given by trading partner (mainly intra- and extra-EU areas) and by activity according to the EU Statistical Classification of Economic Activities (NACE).

  • Statistics on industrial production and international trade

    These datasets combine international trade in goods statistics with industrial production statistics collected via a business survey. They contain annual data for the EU Member States, EFTA countries and candidate countries since 1995. Furthermore monthly time series for steel are provided since January 2003. The products are classified according to the PRODCOM nomenclature.

Easy Comext and Comext Analytical interfaces

The Comext system was conceived and implemented in the early 90's. Since then, it has been continuously adapted and re-engineered to take into account technological evolution and new users' needs. The main components of the system are: a database organised as a data warehouse, an application interface (API named "Comext server") and user interfaces (Easy Comext and Comext Analytical).

Both Easy Comext and Comext Analytical are of particular value for regular users performing frequent extractions, often with a large volume of data or with very precise requests. Users can filter and create tailor-made queries which can be saved and modified at any time. Users can also define aggregations and functions. The extracted data can be visualised in the form of tables or graphics, downloaded or sent automatically by e-mail.

Easy Comext can be accessed directly at http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/newxtweb/ or through an internet search for ‘Easy Comext’. The Easy Comext User Manual explains step-by-step how to make a data extraction. Users needing to extract huge amounts of data should use Comext Analytical which is accessible through the Easy Comext interface but requires a login (‘Login’ button).

Bulk download facility

The Bulk Download facility allows the users to download the Eurostat datasets in a format which can easily be imported into a chosen tool for further analysis.

International trade in goods statistics are available in csv format from the Bulk Download web page and the Comext domain. They are accompanied by metadata (classifications, data availability, etc.) and methodological notes.

Where to find the most recent Comext data

Data from 2001 up to the latest reference months can be downloaded from the Comext data subfolder. The following statistics are available for the EU and its Member States:

  • Trade values (in euros) and quantities (in kg and supplementary unit, if available), according to the product codes of the CN, as well as the SITC, CPA and BEC classifications, by intra- and extra-EU partner country; and
  • Trade values (in euros) and quantities (kg) by mode of transport, according to product codes of the Harmonised System and the nomenclature NSTR, by extra-EU partner country.

Where to find historical Comext data

Historical data can be downloaded from the folder 1976-1987_Nimexe — It contains annual intra and extra-EU trade data from 1976 to 1987, broken down by product according to the Nimexe classification. The Nimexe classification was used to collect trade statistics before the implementation of the Combined Nomenclature in January 1988.