Information on data

Health status and health determinants

Statistics on health status and health determinants focus on various aspects of health status of population and its non-medical determinants, life styles and health behaviour. The data enable analysing public health issues as well as demographic and socio-economic patterns and disparities in health status and its determinants and provide a tool for monitoring effects of health policies.

The data are structured as follows:

  • Health status
    • Healthy life years
    • Self-perceived health and well-being
    • Functional and activity limitations
    • Self-reported chronic morbidity
    • Injuries from accidents
    • Absence from work due to health problems
  • Health determinants
    • Body mass index
    • Physical activity
    • Consumption of fruits and vegetables
    • Tobacco consumption
    • Alcohol consumption
    • Social environment

Health care

Statistics on health care focus on various aspects of health care systems such as health care expenditure, human and technical health care resources, health care activities in hospitals and outside hospitals (covering treatment and prevention), use of medicines and unmet needs for health care. The indicators can be used for evaluating functioning and performance of health care systems including quality and access to health care services.

The data are structured as follows:

  • Health care expenditure (by provider, function and financing agent)
  • Health care resources (health care employment and education; physical and technical resources)
  • Health care activities in hospitals (hospital care and average length of stay, diagnostic exams and surgical procedures)
  • Ambulatory care (consultations of doctors, dentists and other health care professionals)
  • Preventive services (inter alia, cancer-related screenings and vaccination against influenza)
  • Medicine use (use of prescribed and non-prescribed medicines)
  • Home care and help (use of home care services)
  • Unmet needs for health (medical and dental) care


Disability statistics provides data on the number of people with disabilities as well as on their participation in the society, through data related to living conditions, social inclusion, labour market, health, or education.

The United Nations Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities states that "persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual, or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others".

The European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 is the EU framework for implementing the UN Convention. Disability statistics should monitor the situation of people with disabilities with reference to the Europe 2020 targets and the areas for action included in the Strategy.

Causes of death

Statistics on causes of death (COD) provide information on mortality patterns and form a major element of public health information.

COD data refer to the underlying cause which - according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) - is "the disease or injury which initiated the train of morbid events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury".

Data are based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) and are available annually at national and regional level.

Data on COD are collected according to the Regulation on Causes of Death statistics which was adopted in April 2011. The first reference year to be collected following that regulation was 2011. COD statistics distinguish information on residents and non-residents; data on stillbirths allow computing perinatal mortality rates according to the EU standards fixed in the regulation.

Health and safety at work

Health and Safety at Work statistics provide data on accidents at work, work-related health problems and exposure to risk factors.

In order to develop Health and Safety at Work statistics the main partners within the European Statistical System are National Statistical Offices, Social Security Institutions (Worker's Compensation or similar) and Ministries of Labour Affairs.

The need to improve working conditions is a collective concern, prompted by both humanitarian and economic considerations. Create more jobs and of better quality is one of the main objectives of the EU social policy. A safe and healthy working environment is an essential element of the quality of work.

The EU action in health and safety at work has its legal basis in Article 153 of the EU Treaty. Community action is not limited to legislation. The Commission has widened the scope of its activities, in favour of information, guidance and promotion of a healthy working environment by paying particular attention to small and medium-size enterprises. In April 2011, a European Commission Regulation (EU) No 349/2011 on statistics on accidents at work was adopted specifying in detail the variables, the breakdowns and the metadata that Member States are required to deliver. The regulation has been implemented in a number of phases.