Causes of death

Statistics on causes of death (COD) provide information on mortality patterns and form a major element of public health information.

COD data refer to the underlying cause which - according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) - is "the disease or injury which initiated the train of morbid events leading directly to death, or the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury".

Data are based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) and are available annually at national and regional level.

Data on COD are collected according to the Regulation on Causes of Death statistics which was adopted in April 2011. The first reference year to be collected following that regulation is 2011. COD statistics distinguish information on residents and non-residents; data on stillbirths allow computing perinatal mortality rates according to the EU standards fixed in the regulation.