Since 2008 substantial progress has been made both in the area of climate change and energy (through the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption combined with an increase in the use of renewable energy sources).

Positive developments are also visible in the area of education (through the increase in the rate of tertiary educational attainment and the reduction in the number of early leavers from education and training).

Progress has been more limited for R&D expenditure as well as for employment, with promising recent developments for the latter. In contrast, the distance to the poverty target is still significant.

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