Overview - Equality (age, gender and disability)

Equality (age, gender and disability) — Overview


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What information can I find here?

This section provides statistics on three aspects of the broad topic of equality: equality between women and men, also referred to as gender equality; between the young and old, referred to as age equality; and disability equality covering important topics for persons with disabilities (employment, education, quality of life, participation) and which reflect their situation as regards the enjoyment of the same rights and opportunities as people without a disability.

Data come from different data collections available at Eurostat. For more information on these, please see the page 'Methodology' in this section. 

Why are these statistics important and what is the European Commission doing in this regard?

In defining and implementing its policies and activities, the EU aims to combat discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age and sexual orientation (Article 10 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union).

In some of these areas, it is already possible to gauge from statistics if and how far equality has been achieved, but for others information is still to be developed. There are three main strands of equality data published by Eurostat – those relating to gender issues, age issues and disabilty issues.

The datasets on gender equality were chosen based on EU policy documents such as the strategic engagement for gender equality (2016-2019) and the women's charter (2010).

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Explore the life of women and men

Our interactive publication ‘The life of women and men in Europe’ offers you a wealth of information on different aspects of our lives, such as education, work and social habits. 

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Read about the gender pay gap

You are not a ‘data-type’ person, but want to know more about these statistics? Then this article in ‘Statistics Explained’ is for you!

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Discover key figures on disability statistics

Have a look at this article in ‘Statistics Explained’ to know more on the situation of people with disabilities in the EU.

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European Institute for Gender Equality

Have a look at the website of EIGE which provides a wide range of information on gender equality, including a gender statistics database. 


Gender equality

Find out more about gender equality on this webpage of the European Commission.


Age discrimination

Check this webpage of the European Commission with information on age equality.


Persons with disabilities

Find more information on EU policies on the website of the Commission dedicated to the topic of persons with disabilities.