Wind energy as a renewable energy resource accounted for more than 12% of total primary energy production of renewable energy in EU-28 in 2016.

The kinetic energy of the wind is converted into electricity by using wind turbines. Turbines can be located either on land or offshore. The amount of power generated varies with wind speed, which can make power supply difficult to predict over short time periods. Discussion is ongoing about adverse environmental impacts including amongst others noise pollution, land use, danger to birds and marine ecosystems. The generation of electricity by means of wind has the following additional features:

  • wind energy is generally available, thus it improves security of supply;
  • wind power enhances energy diversity and protects against price volatility of fossil fuels; and
  • wind power does not emit greenhouse gases and other pollutants while it produces energy; however, building, setup and maintenance of wind power plants does.

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Data sources

Data on primary production and gross inland consumption of wind energy for EU countries, as well as data on electricity generated from renewable sources, can be found in Eurostat's database on energy statistics.

A wide variety of data can be obtained via Eurostat’s dedicated section on energy in general and in particular the Statistics Explained page on renewable energy statistics.

Furthermore the Directorate General for Energy offers information on renewable energy.

International energy statistics are also provided by the OECD and the International Energy Agency (IEA).