Inter-country supply, use and input-output tables

In ESA 2010 supply and use tables are described as follows (ESA 2010, para 1.137-1.138):

Supply and use tables show the whole economy by industry and products. The tables link different institutional sectors of the economy together with detail of imports and exports of goods and services, government expenditure, household and NPISHs expenditure and capital formation.

Producing supply and use tables allows an examination of consistency and coherence of national accounts components within a single detailed framework and, by incorporating the components of the three approaches to measuring GDP (i.e. production, income and expenditure), enables a single estimate of GDP to be determined.

With ever increasing globalisation of the economy, work on multi-country or regional (e.g. EU) supply, use and input-output analysis, including the trade between different countries, are gaining in importance. The unique feature of a regional supply use tables is that it allows the tracing of the production of a ‘typical product’ of economic sectors, quantifying the contributions to the value of the product from different economic sectors in various countries represented in the model. It hence offers a description of the global supply chains of products consumed.

Multi-country supply, use and input-output tables extend the national dimension to the international dimension by relating individual countries’ supply, use and input-output tables among each other, thus providing an opportunity to balance the global economy as a whole. Full multi-region models endogenously combine domestic technical coefficient matrices with import coefficient matrices from multiple countries or regions into one large coefficient matrix, thus capturing trade supply chains between all trading partners as well as feedback effects.