Data

Residence permits

The tables presented in the residence permit domain cover the following variables collected since 2008 reference year:

  • first permits granted to non-EU citizens;
  • grants of permits for change of immigration status or reason to stay permits;
  • all valid residence permits at the end of the reference year; long-term residence permits at the end of the reference year;
  • long-term residence permits at the end of the reference year;
  • residence permits by age and sex (voluntary data collection, first reference year: 2010);
  • long-term permits issued during the year (voluntary data collection, first reference year: 2016);
  • permits issued for family reunification with a beneficiary of protection status (voluntary data collection, first reference year: 2016).

These data are generally broken down by citizenship, reason for permit issuance and the length of permit validity.

In addition to residence permits tables listed above, Eurostat has developed new data collections in order to obtain additional statistical information. This information focuses on some specific types of residence permits directly connected with EU Directives in the field of the European Union migration policy:

  • EU Blue Card (first reference year: 2012);
  • single permit (first reference year: 2013);
  • seasonal workers (first reference year: 2017);
  • intra-corporate transfers (first reference year: 2017).

Enforcement of immigration legislation (EIL)

The tables presented in the EIL domain cover:

  • non-EU citizens refused entry at the external borders;
  • non-EU citizens found to be illegally present in the territory of the Member State;
  • non-EU citizens with an obligation to leave the territory of the Member State;
  • returns of non-EU citizens found to be illegally present.

These data are broken down by citizenship. In addition data on entry refusals is broken down by grounds for refusal and type of border; data on apprehensions are broken down by sex and age groups.

In addition to this general data collection enforcement of immigration legislation described above, since 2011 Eurostat has developed new data collections in order to obtain additional statistical information focusing on more information on returns, recording if the returns were:

  • voluntary or enforced;
  • assisted or not;
  • under a type of agreement procedure;
  • to the country of citizenship.