Background - Asylum and Managed Migration


What do these statistics measure?

Eurostat's statistics on asylum and managed migration provide statistical information on third-country nationals (non-EU citizens including stateless persons) applying for international protection (asylum seekers) and for entering, residing and working in the European Union Member States. The statistics available from Eurostat are collected from the EU and EFTA Ministries of Interior and related immigration agencies.

A significant part of those statistics are closely related to the EU Directives (for more details please refer to Legislation) in the field of asylum and managed migration, in particular the ones on international protection, on Dublin procedure, on return of illegally staying third-country nationals, on the access to work and on the guarantee of a common set of rights for third-country nationals residing in the European Union.

Data are provided by the Member States since 2008 reference year on the basis of Migration Statistics Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 862/2007) with the exception of asylum data on applications and first instance decisions for which data prior to 2008 are available (the latter being based on gentlemen's agreement, therefore comparisons of prior-2008 and after-2008 data should be exercised with caution).

What information is available?

Asylum and Managed migration statistics cover the following area:

Asylum statistics: data on asylum applicants and first time asylum applicants, unaccompanied minors applying for asylum, first instance decisions on applications and final decisions taken in appeal or review on asylum applications, as well as resettled persons.

Dublin statistics: data on the implementation of the Dublin regulation which establishes the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection. Member States provide data on taking back or taking charge of persons subject to Dublin procedure. Collected statistics cover the number of requests, re-examination requests, acceptances, refusals and persons transferred.

Residence permits statistics: data on the authorisations to stay in the EU Member States territory issued to third-country nationals. Available statistics include data on first residence permits by reasons for issuance, change of status/reasons for issuing, stock of valid residence permits at the end of the year, as well as data on some specific types of residence permits directly connected with EU Directives in the field of the European Union managed migration policy (EU Blue Card, single permit, residence permits for seasonal work purposes, intra-corporate transfers and Long-term residence permits).

Enforcement of immigration legislation (EIL) statistics: data on the number of third-country nationals refused at the entry of external borders, found to be illegally present in the territory of the Member States, subject to the obligations to leave the territory of the Member State or having actually left the Member States territory after being subject to an obligation to leave.

Children in migration statistics: this section gathers statistics on third-country nationals less than 18 years old coming from the four aforementioned areas. Statistics presented in this section cover: asylum and first time asylum applicants, first instance and final decisions on applications, resettlement, residence permits, and enforcement of immigration legislation statistics.

All the above-mentioned statistics can be found in the database in this section.

For more detail on the possible use of the data collected in each of the statistical areas, statistical analysis based on recent statistics are available online in Statistics Explained articles.