Organic farming can be defined as a method of production which places the highest emphasis on environmental protection and, with regard to livestock production, on animal welfare considerations. It avoids or largely reduces the use of synthetic chemical inputs such as fertilisers, pesticides, additives and medicinal products. The production of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their use in animal feed are forbidden.
Organic farming differs from other agricultural production methods in the application of regulated standards (production rules), compulsory control schemes and a specific labelling scheme.
The collected statistics cover the following data:
- The number of operators such as producers (agricultural holdings, aquaculture production units), processors, importers, exporters and other operators (wholesalers, retailers, etc.)
- Crop area under organic production (fully converted area) and under conversion
- Organic crop production (production from fully converted area)
- Number of organic livestock and aquaculture production
- Organic products of animal origin
- Number of operators processing products issued from organic farming (based on NACE classification)
An indicator is calculated to provide information on the share of organic area in the total Utilised Agricultural Area. The data on the total area are provided by crop production statistics (statistics of land use). The indicator is one of the "Sustainable Development Indicators".