SDG 7 - Affordable and clean energy (statistical annex)

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (statistical annex)


Data extracted in May 2020.

Planned article update: June 2021.

Highlights


EU trend of SDG 7 on affordable and clean energy

This article provides an overview of statistical data on SDG 7 ‘Affordable and clean energy’ in the European Union (EU). It is based on the set of EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in an EU context.

This article is part of a set of statistical articles, which are based on the Eurostat publication ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report - 2020 edition’. This report is the fourth edition of Eurostat’s series of monitoring reports on sustainable development, which provide a quantitative assessment of progress of the EU towards the SDGs in an EU context.

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Energy consumption

Primary energy consumption and final energy consumption evaluation 2020.png

This indicator measures a country’s total energy needs excluding all non-energy use of energy carriers (such as natural gas used for producing chemicals rather than for combustion). Primary energy consumption covers energy consumed by end users such as industry, transport, households, services and agriculture, plus energy consumed by the energy sector itself for the production and transformation of energies as well as losses occurring during the transformation of energies (for example, the efficiency of electricity production from combustible fuels) and the transmission and distribution losses of energy. In comparison, final energy consumption only covers the energy consumed by end users, such as industry, transport, households, services and agriculture; it excludes energy consumption of the energy sector itself and losses occurring during transformation and distribution of energy.

Figure 1: Primary and final energy consumption, EU, 2000-2018 (Million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe))
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_10) and (sdg_07_11)


Table 3: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the primary and final energy consumption
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_10) and (sdg_07_11)


Figure 2: Primary energy consumption, by country, 2013 and 2018 (tonnes of oil equivalent per capita)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_10)


Figure 3: Primary energy consumption, by fuel type, EU-27, 2003, 2013 and 2018 (%)
Source: Eurostat (nrg_bal_s)


Final energy consumption in households per capita

Final energy consumption in households per capita evaluation 2020.png

This indicator measures how much energy each citizen consumes at home, excluding transport. Data are not temperature-adjusted, thus, year-to-year variations are due in part to weather.

Figure 4: Final energy consumption in households per capita, EU-27, 2000-2018 (kg of oil equivalent)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_20)


Table 4: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the final energy consumption in households per capita
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_20)


Figure 5: Final energy consumption in households per capita, by country, 2013 and 2018 (kg of oil equivalent)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_20)


Energy productivity

Energy productivity evaluation 2020.png

This indicator measures the amount of economic output produced per unit of gross available energy. Gross available energy represents the quantity of energy products needed to satisfy all demand of entities in the geographical area under consideration. Economic output is either given as euros in chain-linked volumes to the reference year 2010 at 2010 exchange rates or in the unit PPS (purchasing power standards).

Figure 6: Energy productivity, EU-27, 2000-2018 (EUR per kgoe)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_30)


Table 5: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the energy productivity
Source: Eurostat Eurostat (sdg_07_30)


Figure 7: Energy productivity, by country, 2013 and 2018 (PPS per kgoe)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_30)


Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption

Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption evaluation 2020.png

This indicator is defined as the share of renewable energy consumption in gross final energy consumption, according to the Renewable Energy Directive [1]. The gross final energy consumption is the energy used by end consumers (final energy consumption) plus grid losses and power plants’ own consumption.

Figure 8: Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption, by sector, EU-27, 2004-2018 (%)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_40)


Table 6: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption
Source: Eurostat Eurostat (sdg_07_40)


Figure 9: Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption, by country, 2013 and 2018 (%)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_40)


Energy import dependency

Energy import dependency evaluation 2020 update.png

Energy import dependency shows the share of a country’s total energy needs that are met by imports from other countries. It is calculated as net imports divided by the gross available energy. Energy import dependency = (imports – exports) / gross available energy.

Figure 10: Energy import dependency, by product, EU-27, 2000-2018 (% of imports in gross available energy)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_50)


Table 7: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the energy import dependency
Source: Eurostat Eurostat (sdg_07_50)


Figure 11: Energy import dependency, by country, 2013 and 2018 (% of imports in gross available energy)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_50)


Population unable to keep home adequately warm

Population unable to keep home adequately warm evaluation 2020.png

This indicator monitors access to affordable energy throughout the EU. The data are collected as part of the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) to monitor the development of poverty and social inclusion in the EU. Data collection is based on a survey, which means that indicator values are self-reported.

Figure 12: Population unable to keep home adequately warm, EU-27, 2010-2018 (% of population)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_60)


Table 8: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the share of population unable to keep home adequately warm
Source: Eurostat Eurostat (sdg_07_60)


Figure 13: Population unable to keep home adequately warm, by country, 2013 and 2018 (% of population)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_07_60)


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More detailed information on EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), such as indicator relevance, definitions, methodological notes, background and potential linkages, can be found in the introduction of the publication ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report - 2020 edition’.

Notes

  1. European Parliament and Council of the European Union (2009), Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources.