SDG 12 - Responsible consumption and production (statistical annex)

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns (statistical annex)


Data extracted in May 2020.

Planned article update: June 2021.

Highlights


EU trend of SDG 12 on responsible consumption and production

This article provides an overview of statistical data on SDG 12 ‘Responsible consumption and production’ in the European Union (EU). It is based on the set of EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in an EU context.

This article is part of a set of statistical articles, which are based on the Eurostat publication ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report - 2020 edition’. This report is the fourth edition of Eurostat’s series of monitoring reports on sustainable development, which provide a quantitative assessment of progress of the EU towards the SDGs in an EU context.

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Consumption of toxic chemicals

Consumption of toxic chemicals evaluation 2020.png

This indicator measures the volume of aggregated consumption of toxic chemicals, expressed in million tonnes. The consumption of chemicals is calculated as the sum of the production volumes and the net import volumes of the chemicals according to the equation: consumption = production + imports – exports.

Figure 1: Consumption of toxic chemicals, EU-27, 2004-2018 (million tonnes)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_10)


Table 3: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the consumption of toxic chemicals
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_10)


Resource productivity and domestic material consumption

Resource productivity evaluation 2020.png

Resource productivity is defined as gross domestic product (GDP) divided by domestic material consumption (DMC). DMC measures the total amount of material directly used by an economy. It is calculated as the annual quantity of raw materials extracted from the domestic territory of the focal economy, plus all physical imports, minus all physical exports.

Figure 2: Resource productivity, EU-27, 2000-2018 (EUR per kg, chain-linked volumes (2010))
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_20)


Table 4: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the resource productivity
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_20)


Figure 3: Resource productivity, by country, 2013 and 2018 (PPS per kg)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_20)


Figure 4: Domestic material consumption, EU-27, 2000-2018 (billion tonnes)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_20)


Average CO2 emissions from new passenger cars

Average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars evaluation 2020.png

This indicator is defined as the average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per km from new passenger cars in a given year. The reported emissions are based on type-approval and can deviate from the actual CO2 emissions of new cars. Data presented in this section are provided by the European Commission, the Directorate-General for Climate Action and the European Environment Agency (EEA).

Figure 5: Average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars, EU-27, 2007-2018 (g CO2 per km)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_30)


Table 5: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_30)


Figure 6: Average CO2 emissions per km from new passenger cars, by country, 2013 and 2018 (g CO2 per km)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_30)


Gross value added in the environmental goods and services sector

Gross value added in the environmental goods and services sector evaluation 2020.png

The environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) is defined as that part of a country’s economy that is engaged in producing goods and services that are used in environmental protection and resource management activities either domestically or abroad. Gross value added in EGSS represents the contribution of the environmental goods and services sector to (GDP)and is defined as the difference between the value of the sector’s output and intermediate consumption.

Figure 7: Gross value added in the environmental goods and services sector, EU-27, 2000–2017 (EUR million, chain-linked volumes (2010))
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_61)


Table 6: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the gross value added in the environmental goods and services sector
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_61)


Figure 8: Gross value added in the environmental goods and services sector, by country, 2012 and 2017 (% of GDP)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_61)


Circular material use rate

Circular material use rate evaluation 2020.png

The circular material use rate (CMU) measures the share of material recovered and fed back into the economy in overall material use. The CMU is defined as the ratio of the circular use of materials to the overall material use. The overall material use is measured by summing up the aggregate domestic material consumption (DMC) and the circular use of materials. DMC is defined in economy-wide material flow accounts. The circular use of materials is approximated by the amount of waste recycled in domestic recovery plants minus imported waste destined for recovery plus exported waste destined for recovery abroad. A higher CMU rate value means more secondary materials are being substituted for primary raw materials, thus reducing the environmental impacts of extracting primary material.

Figure 9: Circular material use rate, EU-27, 2004-2017 (% of material input for domestic use)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_41)


Table 7: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the circular material use rate
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_41)


Figure 10: Circular material use rate, by country, 2012 and 2017 (% of material input for domestic use)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_41)


Generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes

Generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes evaluation 2020.png

This indicator is defined as all waste generated in a country, excluding major mineral wastes, dredging spoils and contaminated soils. This exclusion enhances comparability across countries as mineral waste accounts for high quantities in some countries with important economic activities such as mining and construction.

Figure 11: Generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes, by hazardousness, EU-27, 2004-2016 (kg per capita)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_50)


Table 8: Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of the generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes, EU
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_50)


Figure 12: Generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes, by country, 2012 and 2016 (kg per capita)
Source: Eurostat (sdg_12_50)


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More detailed information on EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), such as indicator relevance, definitions, methodological notes, background and potential linkages, can be found in the introduction of the publication ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report - 2020 edition’.