Glossary:R & D expenditure by source of funds
Research and development (R & D) expenditure by sources of funds describes the origin of the R & D funding for a statistical unit.
These transfers of R & D funds are measured in two ways:
- Performer-based reporting of the sums which one unit, organisation, or sector has received from another unit, organisation, or sector for the performance of intramural R & D.
- Source-based reporting of extramural expenditures which are the sums a unit, an organisation, or a sector reports having paid to another unit, organisation, or sector for the performance of R & D.
R & D funds are identified with two criteria: there must be a direct transfer of resources and this transfer must be both intended and used for the performance of R & D.
- Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), "Frascati Manual 2002: The measurement of scientific and technological activities - Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development", OECD, Paris, 2002 - pdf