Poultry, in the context of European agricultural statistics, refers to domestic birds but excludes birds raised in confinement for hunting purposes which are not intended for meat or egg production.

The term refers to any kind of domesticated bird, or captive bird which is raised for meat, eggs or feathers. Domestic ostriches are kept as poultry, in line with this definition, but are not considered gamefowl nor waterfowl (as they are of the order Struthioniformes).

The CAP refers to "farmyard poultry" to identify poultry raised in the farms, i.e. with an economic purpose.


  • Domestic hens and chickens (Gallus gallus L.)
  • Turkeys (Meleagris spp.)
  • Ducks (Anas spp. and Cairina moschata L.)
  • Domestic geese (Anser anser domesticus L.)
  • Quails (Coturnix spp.)
  • Pheasants (Phasianus spp.)
  • Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris domestica L.)
  • Pigeons (Columbinae spp.)
  • Ostriches (Struthio camelus L.)


  • Birds raised in confinement for hunting purposes
  • Birds not for meat/eggs production


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Related concepts

Statistical data