Poultry, in the context of European agricultural statistics, refers to domestic birds but excludes birds raised in confinement for hunting purposes which are not intended for meat or egg production.
The term refers to any kind of domesticated bird, or captive bird which is raised for meat, eggs or feathers. Domestic ostriches are kept as poultry, in line with this definition, but are not considered gamefowl nor waterfowl (as they are of the order Struthioniformes).
The CAP refers to "farmyard poultry" to identify poultry raised in the farms, i.e. with an economic purpose.
- Domestic hens and chickens (Gallus gallus L.)
- Turkeys (Meleagris spp.)
- Ducks (Anas spp. and Cairina moschata L.)
- Domestic geese (Anser anser domesticus L.)
- Quails (Coturnix spp.)
- Pheasants (Phasianus spp.)
- Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris domestica L.)
- Pigeons (Columbinae spp.)
- Ostriches (Struthio camelus L.)
- Birds raised in confinement for hunting purposes
- Birds not for meat/eggs production
Differences between data collections
In IFS the pullets that are not yet stalled as adults are not collected. They are also excluded from the “other livestock”. The units with only pullets are therefore not represented in IFS.
FADN does not make any further distinction of pullets so the FADN code includes both pullets that have been stalled as adults and those that have not yet been stalled as adults. The distinction between the stalled or not yet stalled pullets is less important for FADN than for IFS. FADN gets the information on animal numbers from the whole year’s period. The farm return questionnaire asks for an average number of animals where animals are counted in proportion to the length of time they have been on the holding during the accounting year, so any temporary, short-lived situation is minimised in the resulting number and there is no need for a special treatment of pullets not yet stalled.