A patent is an intellectual property right, a public title of industrial property that gives its owner the exclusive right to use his/her invention in the technical field for a limited number of years.
A patent application, the application for a patent, needs to be for an invention, i.e. a new solution to a technical problem which satisfies the criteria of:
- novelty: the solution must be novel;
- inventiveness: it must involve a non-obvious inventive step;
- industrial applicability: it must be capable of industrial use.
A patent may be granted to a firm, an individual or a public body by a patent office. It remains valid in a given country or area for a limited period of time.
- Frascati Manual 2002:The measurement of scientific and technological activities - Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development - OECD, Paris, 2002