Statistics Explained

Glossary:Livestock unit (LSU)

The livestock unit, abbreviated as LSU (or sometimes as LU), is a reference unit which facilitates the aggregation of livestock from various species and age as per convention, via the use of specific coefficients established initially on the basis of the nutritional or feed requirement of each type of animal (see table below for an overview of the most commonly used coefficients).

The reference unit used for the calculation of livestock units (=1 LSU) is the grazing equivalent of one adult dairy cow producing 3 000 kg of milk annually, without additional concentrated foodstuffs.

Holdings with livestock can have zero livestock units as LSU is only calculated for bovine animals, goats, sheep, equidae, pigs, poultry, and female breeding rabbits. Holdings with livestock and no LSU are holdings which have beehives or other livestock not elsewhere classified.

Livestock unit coefficients

Bovine animals Under 1 year old 0,400
1 but less than 2 years old 0,700
Male, 2 years old and over 1,000
Heifers, 2 years old and over 0,800
Dairy cows 1,000
Other cows, 2 years old and over 0,800
Sheep and goats 0,100
Equidae 0,800
Pigs Piglets having a live weight of under 20 kg 0,027
Breeding sows weighing 50 kg and over 0,500
Other pigs 0,300
Poultry Broilers 0,007
Laying hens 0,014
Ostriches 0,350
Other poultry 0,030
Rabbits, breeding females 0,020

Further information

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Statistical data