Common term: Island region, Plural: Island regions
Short definition: the island typology is applied at the level of NUTS regions. Island regions are defined as NUTS level 3 regions within the European Union (EU) that are entirely composed of one or more islands.
The island typology is a classification based on the following two categories:
- island regions;
- non-island regions (those regions that are not defined as island regions).
Island regions are NUTS level 3 regions that are entirely composed of one or more islands. In this context, islands are defined as territories having:
- a minimum surface of 1 km²;
- a minimum distance between the island and the mainland of 1 km;
- a resident population of more than 50 inhabitants;
- no fixed link (for example, a bridge, a tunnel, or a dyke) between the island(s) and the mainland.