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Glossary:Eco-schemes - Statistics Explained
    

Glossary:Eco-schemes

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Eco-schemes are payment schemes in agriculture linked to the protection of environment and climate. They are a key element of the new legislative proposal on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) (see Article 28 of the proposed Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council: COM(2018) 382) and will be embedded in the direct payments granted under CAP pillar 1. As a future CAP innovation, eco-schemes shall provide support for farmers who observe agricultural practices beneficial for the environment and climate. It is a measure to reward and incentivise farmers for taking action towards a more sustainable farm and land management with the objective to maintain public goods. The participation for farmers is voluntary. Member States are however obliged to include one or more eco-schemes in their CAP Strategic Plans (CSPs). Nevertheless, it offers more flexibility comparing to the current greening payments of the CAP as Member States are free to set the scheme’s content and budget. As a result, they can design the eco-schemes according to their environmental and climate needs on a national and regional level. Less administrative burdens and annual payments instead of long-term commitments shall contribute to a simplification.

Öko-Regelungen betreffen Prämienzahlungen in der Landwirtschaft, die zur Schonung von Umwelt und Klima beitragen sollen. Sie sind ein Schlüsselelement des neuen Legislativvorschlags zur Zukunft der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) (siehe Artikel 28 des Verordnungsvorschlags des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates: KOM (2018) 382) und werden im Rahmen der Direktzahlungen in die GAP-Säule 1 eingebettet. Als künftige GAP-Innovation sollen diese Öko-Regelungen Landwirte unterstützen, die umwelt- und klimaschonende landwirtschaftliche Praktiken einhalten. Es ist eine Maßnahme, um Landwirte für eine nachhaltigere Betriebsführung und Flächenbewirtschaftung zu belohnen und zu motivieren, mit dem Ziel das öffentliche Gut zu erhalten. Die Teilnahme der Landwirte ist freiwillig. Die Mitgliedstaaten sind jedoch verpflichtet, ein oder mehrere Öko-Regelungen in ihre GAP-Strategiepläne aufzunehmen. Dennoch räumt es ihnen im Vergleich zu den Greening-Maßnahmen (derzeitige Direktzahlungen der GAP) mehr Flexibilität ein, da die Mitgliedstaaten den Inhalt und das Budget der Öko-Regelungen frei festlegen können. Dadurch können sie die Öko-Regelungen auf nationaler und regionaler Ebene entsprechend ihren Umwelt- und Klimabedürfnissen gestalten. Weniger Verwaltungsaufwand und jährliche Zahlungen statt Langzeitverpflichtungen tragen zu einer Vereinfachung bei.


Further information

  • COM/2018/392 final - 2018/0216 (COD), Article 28: Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL from 1.6.2018 establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the Common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Related concepts

Source

  • COM/2018/392 final - 2018/0216 (COD), Article 28: Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL from 1.6.2018 establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the Common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council.