Statistics Explained

Glossary:Currency codes

Currencies within and outside the European Union (EU) are each assigned a three-letter currency code, always written in capital letters; the first two letters are the country code or its equivalent (EU, for instance). Currency codes are often used as abbreviations in statistical analyses, tables, graphs or maps.

Below are some currency codes of EU Member States (19 of which form the euro area and use the euro as their common currency), European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Member States, candidate countries, other European countries and, finally, other countries.

European Union (EU)

EUR (Euro area - euro) PLN (Poland - zloty) BGN (Bulgaria - lev)
HRK (Croatia - kuna) RON (Romania - leu) CZK (Czechia - koruna)
HUF (Hungary - forint) SEK (Sweden - krona) DKK (Denmark - krone)


European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

CHF (Switzerland, Liechtenstein - frank, franc) ISK (Iceland - krona) NOK (Norway - krone)


EU candidate countries (also including Iceland, see EFTA, above)

ALL (Albania - lek) EUR (Montenegro - euro) RSD (Serbia - dinar)
MKD (North Macedonia - denar) TRY (Turkey - lira)    


Western Balkan countries

BAM (Bosnia-Herzegovina - convertible mark)


Other European countries

GBP (United Kingdom - pound sterling)


Non-European countries

JPY (Japan - yen) USD (United States of America - dollar)


Related concepts