Statistics Explained


Cereals are annual plants, generally of the graminaceous family, yielding grains used for food, feed, seed and industrial purposes such as production of ethanol.


  • Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Mill.)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)
  • Canary seed (Phalaris canariensis L.)
  • Common wheat ('Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori et Paol.)
  • Durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.)
  • Einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum L.)
  • Emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccum Schrank ex Schübl.)
  • Grain maize (Zea mays L.)
  • Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.)
  • Oats (Avena sativa L.)
  • Perennial sorghum (Sorghum x sudanense (Piper) Stapf.)
  • Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Wild.)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
  • Rye (Secale cereale L.)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Conrad Moench)
  • Spelt (Triticum spelta L.)
  • Triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack)
  • Cereals seeds
  • Cereal grains harvested just before maturity
  • Cereals used for renewable energy production
  • Rye and winter cereal mixtures (maslin)
  • Spring cereal mixtures (mixed grain, other than maslin)


  • Maize harvested green (G3000)
  • Cereals (excluding maize) harvested green or yellow as whole plant for fodder, or renewable energy (G9100)
  • Sweet corn cobs for human consumption (V0000_S0000; V3900 in ACS)


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