Statistics Explained


A bovine refers to a domestic animal of the species Bos taurus (cattle) or Bubalus bubalis (water buffalo), and also includes hybrids like Beefalo.

A distinction can be made by the age of the animal (less than one year old, aged between one and two years, and two years and over), with a further division between male and female bovines.

Female bovines aged one year old and over are divided into heifers (female bovines that have not yet calved) and cows (a female bovine that has calved, including animals that are less than 2 years). The latter are further divided into dairy cows and others.


  • Cattle (Bos taurus, L.)
  • Buffalo, such as water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis L.)
  • Bison (Bison spp.)
  • Hybrids, such as Beefalo (Bos Taurus x Bison bison)


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Further information

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Statistical data