Glossary:Population pyramid

A population pyramid, also called an age structure diagram or an age-sex pyramid, is a graphical illustration - typically in the shape a pyramid - which depicts the distribution of various age groups for each gender in a geographical area such as the European Union, a country or a region. The oldest age group is on top, the youngest one at the bottom; men are usually on the left side, women on the right.

Population pyramids of the European Union: 2019 data and 2100 projection

EU population pyramids such as this one offer a vivid representation of the aging EU population, with elderly population expected to increase by 2100 while the working-age population (ages 15-64) is expected to narrow considerably.

Related concept

Statistical data