Europe 2020 indicators - Romania

Data extracted in June 2018.

Planned article update: September 2019.

Figure 1: Change since 2008 in relation to national targets (*)
Source: Eurostat (see dedicated web section: Europe 2020 headline indicators)
Explanations on this radar chart are available here.

This article is part of a set of statistical articles on Europe 2020 strategy, focusing on the situation in Romania.

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Romania significantly reduced the number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion by 2.1 million between 2008 and 2017 and had already met its national target in 2013. In 2016, Romania exceeded its commitment to reaching a 24 % share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption and remained well below its national target on primary energy consumption. By 2016, Romania had reduced its GHG emissions in non-ETS sectors by 3.7 % compared to 1990 levels, remaining well within its 2020 target to limit the increase to 19 %. The country has made strong progress by raising the tertiary educational attainment rate by 10.3 percentage points between 2008 and 2017 and remained only 0.4 percentage points above its respective target. In contrast, its share of early leavers from education and training increased to 18.1 % in the same time period, widening the distance to the national target to 6.8 percentage points. Due to a gradual rise in the employment rate between 2013 and 2017, Romania was just 1.2 percentage points from its employment goal. Romania’s R&D intensity fell by 0.07 percentage points between 2008 and 2016.

Table 1: National Europe 2020 indicators: most recent data and targets
Source: Eurostat (see dedicated web section: Europe 2020 headline indicators)

Data sources

More information about the origin of the data and the calculation of indicators can be obtained via the Europe 2020 indicators dedicated website.

Under 'Main tables', click on the icons next to the indicators:

  • 'Explanatory texts (metadata)' for a detailed overview of the collection and compilation methods;
  • 'Information on the leaf' for data availability per country.

A more general overview of quality procedures can be found in Implementation of standard reference metadata for indicators - the ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP) (PDF file).


Europe 2020 is the EU’s agenda for jobs and growth for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to strengthen the EU economy and prepare its structure for the challenges of the next decade. As a main objective, the strategy strives to deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion in the Member States, while reducing the impact on the natural environment.

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