Europe 2020 indicators - Greece

Data extracted in June 2018.

Planned article update: September 2019.

Figure 1: Change since 2008 in relation to national targets (*)
Source: Eurostat (see dedicated web section: Europe 2020 headline indicators)
Explanations on this radar chart are available here.

This article is part of a set of statistical articles on Europe 2020 strategy, focusing on the situation in Greece.

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Partly as a result of the economic slowdown, Greece had reduced its GHG emissions in non-ETS sectors by 25.7 % by 2016 compared to 1990 levels, significantly exceeding its national target for a 4 % reduction by 2020. Greece had already met its target on primary energy consumption in 2013 and has stabilised its energy efficiency at almost the same level since then. Between 2008 and 2016, Greece almost doubled its share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption and increased its expenditure on R&D as a share of GDP, thus narrowing the distance to the respective national targets. In 2017, the country surpassed its targets on tertiary education and early leavers from education and training, by 11.7 and 4.0 percentage points respectively. In contrast, in 2017 it was the EU country with the lowest employment rate and the greatest distance to its employment target. Moreover, the number of people living at risk of poverty or social exclusion increased by about 743 000 between 2008 and 2016, increasing the distance from the national target to almost 1.2 million people.

Table 1: National Europe 2020 indicators: most recent data and targets
Source: Eurostat (see dedicated web section: Europe 2020 headline indicators)

Data sources

More information about the origin of the data and the calculation of indicators can be obtained via the Europe 2020 indicators dedicated website.

Under 'Main tables', click on the icons next to the indicators:

  • 'Explanatory texts (metadata)' for a detailed overview of the collection and compilation methods;
  • 'Information on the leaf' for data availability per country.

A more general overview of quality procedures can be found in Implementation of standard reference metadata for indicators - the ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP) (PDF file).


Europe 2020 is the EU’s agenda for jobs and growth for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to strengthen the EU economy and prepare its structure for the challenges of the next decade. As a main objective, the strategy strives to deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion in the Member States, while reducing the impact on the natural environment.

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